Life

Called into the fellowship of Jesus Christ our Lord who is our Life.

The sayings of our mouth and the meditation of our heart.

Ps 19:14 – Let the sayings of my mouth, And the meditation of my heart, Be for a pleasing thing before Thee, O Jehovah, my rock, and my redeemer! (YLT)

What do the sayings of your mouth and the meditation of your heart reveal about who you think you are? Are they in agreement with the words of the Lord God and the meditation of his heart?

As you spend time resting in the word of God daily, forgetting everything you know except Jesus the Messiah, are you aware of a growing desire for your every word and thought to please the Lord? Are you becoming conscious of the Lord’s response to your every word and thought?

Read the words of Scripture slowly and reflectively. Let them settle deep in your soul and take root as you wait in anticipation for the Spirit of God to bring them to life in you.

Dead to the world.

John 12:24-26 – “Listen carefully: Unless a grain of wheat is buried in the ground, dead to the world, it is never any more than a grain of wheat. But if it is buried, it sprouts and reproduces itself many times over.  In the same way, anyone who holds on to life just as it is destroys that life. But if you let it go, reckless in your love, you’ll have it forever, real and eternal. “If any of you wants to serve me [Jesus], then follow me. Then you’ll be where I am, ready to serve at a moment’s notice. The Father will honor and reward anyone who serves me. (MSG)

Listen.
Carefully.
Buried.
Dead to the world.
Sprout. Reproduce.

The words of Jesus:
There’s so much more to life than life just as it is!
But to get the more, we must let go of life just as it is.
Be reckless in your love.
Follow me.
Then you’ll be where I am.
Ready to serve at a moment’s notice.

What do you know about life? Are you trying to hold on to life just as it is? Are you trying to work up the courage to let go of life just as it is? Are you dead to the world? Have you let go of life just as it is to find yourself still waiting for the promised life that is real and eternal? Have you gotten a glimpse and taste of real life and find yourself longing for more of it?

What might hinder us from discovering and living the real and eternal life? Let’s explore what perspective or light we see and experience life through. Is our view true and clear or is it distorted and murky?

Perspective: a specific point of view in understanding or judging things or events, especially one that shows them in their true relations to one another.1

Life: its relations to soil types.

Luke 8:5-8 – “A sower went out to sow his seed. And as he sowed, some fell along the path and was trampled underfoot, and the birds of the air devoured it. And some fell on the rock, and as it grew up, it withered away, because it had no moisture. And some fell among thorns, and the thorns grew up with it and choked it. And some fell into good soil and grew and yielded a hundredfold.” (ESV)

From which perspective, soil type or heart condition, do you experience life? From which perspective do you hear God’s word? How do you respond?

Trampled underfoot, devoured.
Withered.
Choked.
Bountiful.

Read the texts again. Chew upon the words. Turn them over and over in your mind. Ask the Lord God what he wants you to receive from them and how he wants you to respond to them.

Scripture describes life from several perspectives.

First, is bios.

This is the period or duration of life that includes the manner of life, with an ethical sense in regard to its moral conduct. Bios refers to the means of life, livelihood, maintenance. Bios is about the cares that pertain to matters of this world, business, ordinary life.

Not from the Father but from the world.

1 John 2:16 – because all the things of the world — the desires of the old nature, the desires of the eyes, and the pretensions of life (bios) — are not from the Father but from the world. (CJB)

1 John 3:17 – But if anyone has the world’s goods (bios) and sees his brother in need, yet closes his heart against him, how does God’s love abide in him? (ESV)

Second is psuche.

Heart, mind, soul. Breath of life, the natural life. The seat of personality. The individual life.

The natural is unable to grasp the things from the Spirit of God.

Luke 9:24-25 – For whoever would save his life (psuche) will lose it, but whoever loses his life (psuche) for my sake will save it. For what does it profit a man if he gains the whole world and loses or forfeits himself (psuche)? (ESV)

Matt 6:25 – “Therefore I tell you, do not be anxious about your life (psuche), what you will eat or what you will drink, nor about your body, what you will put on. Is not life (psuche) more than food, and the body more than clothing? (ESV)

1 Cor 2:14 – Now the natural (psuchikos) man does not receive the things from the Spirit of God — to him they are nonsense! Moreover, he is unable to grasp them, because they are evaluated through the Spirit. (CJB)

Third is flesh.

Death came through forfeiting the Life through rebellion against God. Imparting Life to the one who has forfeited it must be by a death caused by the shedding of blood, for blood is the life of the flesh. Separation from God can be removed only by a sacrifice in which victim and offender become identified, in true relationship to one another.

By the Spirit keep putting to death your old nature.

Eph 4:17-19 – Now this I say and testify in the Lord, that you must no longer walk as the Gentiles do, in the futility of their minds. They are darkened in their understanding, alienated from the life [zoe] of God because of the ignorance that is in them, due to their hardness of heart. They have become callous and have given themselves up to sensuality, greedy to practice every kind of impurity. (ESV)

Rom 8:13 – For if you live according to your old nature (flesh), you will certainly die; but if, by the Spirit, you keep putting to death the practices of the body, you will live. (CJB)

Fourth is zoe.

Zoe is life as a principle, in the absolute sense, as God has life. Character and nature, like holiness and righteousness, is inseparable from this Life. Zoe does not possess an ethical sense. Zoe is to make alive, cause to live, quicken, preserve life. Christ is the bestower of resurrection Life. Zoe is the changing or fashioning anew, impartation of spiritual Life.

Your real life.

John 10:10-11 – The thief comes only to steal and kill and destroy. I came that they may have life (zoe) and have it abundantly.  I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd lays down his life (psuche) for the sheep. (ESV)

John 5:26 – For as the Father has life (zoe) in himself, so he has granted the Son also to have life (zoe) in himself. (ESV)

Col 3:4 – When Christ (your real life (zoe), remember) shows up again on this earth, you’ll show up, too — the real you, the glorious you. Meanwhile, be content with obscurity, like Christ. (MSG)2

Our real life is not something we imagine, choose, or create for ourselves. Our real life is a fundamental truth, a motivating force, love, that shows things and events in their true relations to one another.

Are you aware of and familiar with each of these lives?

Read the texts again. What thoughts and questions and emotions arise? Does a word satisfy? Encourage? Convict? Prod? Instruct? Empower? Give hope?

I see these perspectives of life as several different “selves.” The first three are constantly pulling and pushing, clamoring for attention. They are insistent, persuasive, continually vying to be heard and responded to, to get their way.

The fourth “self” is very different from the first three. The source is different.

Secrets things and things revealed.

Deut 29:29 – “The secret things belong to the Lord our God, but the things that are revealed belong to us and to our children forever, that we may do all the words of this law. (ESV)

The secret things belong to the Lord our God.
But the things that are revealed
Belong to us and our children forever,
That we may do
All the words of this law.

The first three “selves” each lack an essential trait so that they miss the mark of being whole, complete, good, beautiful, productive in being able to do all the words of God’s law. Each of these “selves” or “heart conditions” is described and explained in Jesus’ parable of the sower (see Matthew 13, Mark 4, Luke 8).

Our natural self – bios.

Our natural self (bios) drifts along, caught up in the flow of everyday experiences, responsibilities, and external demands based on the values, ethics, goals, and beliefs of the culture and groups we belong to. Our natural self relies and builds on our group identity, personality, natural abilities, learned skills, interests, judgments, desires, etc. to direct our course. Our natural self is unmindful, unaware, and unfamiliar with the thoughts and ways of God. This natural self is one whose heart condition is like that of the seed that falls along the path.

A sower went out to sow. And as he sowed, some seeds fell along the path. The seed was trampled underfoot, and the birds came and devoured the seeds.

Interpretation: When anyone hears the word of the kingdom and does not understand it, the evil one, Satan, immediately comes and snatches away what has been sown in her heart, so she may not believe and be saved.

The seed is the word of God. The soil is our heart. The seed doesn’t penetrate or enter this soil. The enemy is the evil one, hurtful in effect or influence; mischievous, vicious, malicious, derelict. This heart lacks understanding.

But God can transform our hardened, unproductive, untrusting heart that lacks understanding!

Give me understanding.

Ps 119:144 – Your testimonies are righteous forever; give me understanding that I may live [be whole]. (ESV)

No matter how fervently we desire or how hard we work, we cannot make ourselves understand the word of God. So what is the solution?

Take refuge in God.

Prov 30:5 – Every word of God proves true; he is a shield to those who take refuge in him. (ESV)

Every word of God proves true. Every word of God is pure.
Proves true/is pure: to fuse, refine, goldsmith, melt, purge away, try.3
Have you experienced this powerful purifying process of God’s word in your thoughts, emotions, imagination, and desires?

God is a shield: the small one or buckler [a small, round shield held by a handle or worn on the arm]; a protector; ruler; to hedge about; defend.4

Have you found consolation during the purifying process of God’s word in his protection, governance and defense?

God is a shield to those who take refuge in him.
Take refuge: put trust in, confide in.5

God, I trust in you.

Ps 91:2-3 – Say this: “God, you’re my refuge. I trust in you and I’m safe!” That’s right — he rescues you from hidden traps, shields you from deadly hazards. (MSG)

I’m safe. Does God and his word cause you to experience security, no matter what?

God rescues us from the hidden traps and shields us from the hurtful influences that are associated with lack of understanding as we seek refuge in him, trusting him to reveal himself and his word, no matter how trampled and desperate our life circumstances may appear at times.

The secret things belong to the Lord our God.
But the things that are revealed
Belong to us and our children forever,
That we may do
All the words of this law.

Our independent self – psuche.

Our independent self (psuche) is driven by self-interest to prove itself good, valued, deserving, accomplished. Having some knowledge of God, it works to obey the do’s and don’ts of religious beliefs, follow social and moral norms and expectations. This self is one whose heart condition is like that of the seed that falls on the rocks.

A sower went out to sow. And as he sowed, some seeds fell on rocky ground. The seeds did not have much soil, and they immediately sprang up, since they had no depth of soil, but when the sun rose, they were scorched. And since they had no root, they withered away, because they had no moisture.

Interpretation: This is the one who hears the word and immediately receives it with joy, yet she has no root in herself, but endures for a while, and when testing, tribulation or persecution arises on account of the word, immediately she falls away.

The seed is the word of God. The soil is our heart. This heart lacks truth.

But God can transform our hardened, unproductive, untrusting heart that lacks truth!

Strengthen me according to your word.

Ps 119:28-29 – My soul melts away for sorrow; strengthen me according to your word! Put false ways far from me and graciously teach me your law! (ESV)

No matter how fervently we desire or how hard we work, we cannot acquire truth. So what is the solution?

Take refuge in God.

Prov 30:5 – Every word of God proves true; he is a shield to those who take refuge in him. (ESV)

Every word of God proves true. Every word of God is pure. Strengthen me according to your word! Put false ways far from me. Graciously teach me your law!

Pure words, silver in a melting-pot.

Ps 12:6 – The words of Adonai are pure words, silver in a melting-pot set in the earth, refined and purified seven times over. (CJB)

The words of Adonai are pure words,
Silver in a melting-pot set in the earth,
Set in the heart of man and woman who were formed from the dust of the earth,
Pure: to fuse, refine, goldsmith, melt, purge away, try.3
Refined and purified seven times over.

The secret things belong to the Lord our God.
But the things that are revealed
Belong to us and our children forever,
That we may do
All the words of this law.

Happy are those who trust in God.

Ps 84:12 – Lord All-Powerful, happy are the people who trust you! (NCV)

Our deceived self – flesh.

Our deceived self (flesh) is under the influence of addictions and delusions, seeking meaning and satisfaction in worthless things.

A sower went out to sow. And as he sowed, some seeds fell among thorns. The thorns grew up with them and choked them, and they yielded no grain.

Interpretation: This is the one who hears the word, but as she goes on her way the cares of the world and the deceitfulness of riches and pleasures of life and the desires of other things enter in and choke the word, and it proves unfruitful. Her fruit does not mature.

The seed is the word of God. The soil is our heart. This heart lacks steadfastness.

But God can transform our hardened, unproductive, untrusting heart that lacks steadfastness!

That you may be feared.

Ps 119:36-38 – Incline my heart to your testimonies, and not to selfish gain! Turn my eyes from looking at worthless things; and give me life in your ways. Confirm to your servant your promise, that you may be feared. (ESV)

No matter how fervently we desire or how hard we work, we cannot make our heart steadfast. So what is the solution?

Take refuge in God.

Prov 30:5 – Every word of God proves true; he is a shield to those who take refuge in him. (ESV)

Lord All-Powerful
Incline my heart…
Turn my eyes…
Give me life in your ways…
Confirm to your servant your promise…
That you may be feared.

God is a shield: the small one or buckler [a small, round shield held by a handle or worn on the arm]; a protector; ruler; to hedge about; defend.4

God is a shield to those who take refuge in him.
Take refuge: put trust in, confide in.5

God shields all who take refuge in him.

Ps 18:30 – “As for God, his way is perfect, the word of Adonai has been tested by fire; he shields all who take refuge in him. (CJB)

God’s way is perfect. God’s way is known only through revelation, only to those who confide in him and put their trust in him and his tested word.

Are you intimately familiar with the word of Adonai being tested by fire within you?

Ps 19:7-10 – The law of the Lord is perfect, reviving the soul; the testimony of the Lord is sure, making wise the simple; the precepts of the Lord are right, rejoicing the heart; the commandment of the Lord is pure, enlightening the eyes; the fear of the Lord is clean, enduring forever; the rules of the Lord are true, and righteous altogether. More to be desired are they than gold, even much fine gold; sweeter also than honey and drippings of the honeycomb. (ESV)

Our true self – zoe.

Our true self (zoe), having discovered the deep, still waters from which the source of life, love, flows, rests, trusts, and waits quietly in the presence of the Lord, allowing the Lord to live and work all in her as he reveals himself and his word.

A sower went out to sow. And as he sowed, some seeds fell on good soil and produced grain, growing up and increasing and yielding thirtyfold and sixtyfold and a hundredfold.

Interpretation: This is the one who hears the word and accepts it and understands it, holding it fast in an honest and good heart. She indeed bears fruit with patience.

God alone, by bringing us into right relationship with him through Christ Jesus, can create an honest and good heart that is capable of hearing, accepting, understanding, and holding fast his word.

The seed is the word of God. The soil is our heart. This heart is wholly devoted to the Lord God, lacking nothing.

Take refuge in him.

Prov 30:5 – Every word of God proves true; he is a shield to those who take refuge in him. (ESV)

Hear the word, accept the word, understand the word, hold fast the word.
Holding it fast: keep in memory, possess, retain, seize on, stay, take, have.6

I have stored up your word in my heart.

Ps 119:11 – I have stored up your word in my heart, that I might not sin against you. (ESV)

What have you and I stored up in our heart? Do you have a regular practice of asking the Lord God to reveal what is hidden there and to purify through his word? I’ve been working for decades to clean out the critical words and resulting damage that others spoke to me and that I’ve spoken to others; unfounded fears and insecurities; philosophies I’ve adopted that are taught by human beings that do not align with God’s truth; and so much more.

It is time for the Lord to act.

Ps 119:125-128 – I am your servant; give me understanding, that I may know your testimonies! It is time for the Lord to act, for your law has been broken. Therefore I love your commandments above gold, above fine gold. Therefore I consider all your precepts to be right; I hate every false way. (ESV)

We begin to let go of life just as it is when we begin to discover who we are. “I am your servant.”

We begin to let go of life just as it is when we become aware of the deathtrap of trying to hold on to life just as it is, lacking understanding, lacking truth, and lacking steadfastness. When we become conscious of having broken God’s law, that Christ Jesus’ willingly gave his life (psuche) so that he could restore our life (zoe) to us, it becomes easy and natural to be reckless in love with the God whose word is pure, who rules and defends and protects us.

Read the texts again. Chew upon these words. Turn them over and over in your mind and allow their significance to be absorbed by mind, body, soul and spirit.

You are not lacking in any spiritual gift.

1 Cor 1:4-9 – I give thanks to my God always for you because of the grace of God that was given you in Christ Jesus, that in every way you were enriched in him in all speech and all knowledge— even as the testimony about Christ was confirmed among you— so that you are not lacking in any spiritual gift, as you wait for the revealing of our Lord Jesus Christ, who will sustain you to the end, guiltless in the day of our Lord Jesus Christ. God is faithful, by whom you were called into the fellowship of his Son, Jesus Christ our Lord. (ESV)

The grace of God that was given you in Christ Jesus.
You are not lacking in any spiritual gift.
Are we aware of what God has given us in Christ Jesus?

We are your servants. Give us understanding that we may know your testimonies!

The secret things belong to the Lord our God.
But the things that are revealed
Belong to us and our children forever,
That we may do
All the words of this law.

In every way you were enriched in him.
You are not lacking in any spiritual gift as you wait for the revealing of our Lord Jesus Christ.
He will sustain you to the end, guiltless.
God is faithful.
He called you into the fellowship of his Son, Jesus Christ our Lord.

Oh, that we would know Life, resurrection Life, spiritual Life, Christ who is our Life (zoe)! Wait expectantly for him to reveal himself.

Col 3:4 – When Christ who is your life appears, then you also will appear with him in glory. (ESV)

Read the texts again, setting aside your own thoughts, perceptions, judgments, your own agenda, to allow response from your inner depths to surface. What do you discover?

But it is the spirit in man, the breath of the Almighty, that makes him understand. (Job 32:8 ESV)

Inhale.
Exhale.

Become aware of your breath. The breath of the Almighty in you.

Breath by breath. Become conscious of the presence of the Almighty in you. Seek his strength. Seek his presence. Surrender to the influence of the breath of the Almighty that you may be ready at a moment’s notice to serve him.

Inhale.
Exhale.

You must rely on the breath of the Almighty, the Spirit of God who lives inside you, to make you understand Gods words, to discern the thoughts and intentions of your heart, to seek the interests of Jesus Christ and not your own.

With your inhalation draw the words of the Lord God deep within you.

With your exhalation let yourself be emptied of all your inadequate, incomplete selves – bios, psuche, flesh – and their noisy distractions. Open yourself completely to what the Lord God wants to reveal to you about your true self – life (zoe) and about him. Become reverently responsive to what he says.

Jude 21 – keep yourselves in the love of God, waiting for the mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ that leads to eternal life. (ESV)

Inhale: (draw the words of the Lord God deep within you)

Keep yourselves in the love of God

Exhale. (empty yourself of self to allow the words of God to take possession)

Waiting for the mercy of our Lord Jesus

Wait, watch, listen, be still, be willing for the Lord God to transform you from within, revealing who you really are. Strive and reach for the goal, alive to the energy that he powerfully works in you as you rest, completely dependent upon him to reach the goal, united with the Messiah.

As you receive the Word of God into that deepest place of your being, the Lord God is rescuing you, he is loosening your bonds to your old nature, he is delivering you from your illusions and foolish boasting. Through Jesus, our Messiah, God is gradually transforming you from within, revealing who you really are, becoming one spirit with him.

Inhale.
Exhale.
Breathe the Lord God’s words all day every day.

2 Peter 3:18 – But grow in the grace and knowledge of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. To him be the glory both now and to the day of eternity. Amen. (ESV)

*****

Resources/For deeper study:

1Webster’s Dictionary

2LIFE

  1. Nouns.
  2. zoe (<START GREEK>zwh/<END GREEK>, NT:2222) (Eng., “zoo,” “zoology”) is used in the NT “of life as a principle, life in the absolute sense, life as God has it, that which the Father has in Himself, and which He gave to the Incarnate Son to have in Himself, John 5:26, and which the Son manifested in the world, 1 John 1:2. From this life man has become alienated in consequence of the Fall, Eph 4:18, and of this life men become partakers through faith in the Lord Jesus Christ, John 3:15, who becomes its Author to all such as trust in Him, Acts 3:15, and who is therefore said to be ‘the life’ of the believer, Col 3:4, for the life that He gives He maintains, John 6:35,63. Eternal life is the present actual possession of the believer because of his relationship with Christ, John 5:24; 1 John 3:14, and that it will one day extend its domain to the sphere of the body is assured by the Resurrection of Christ, 2 Cor 5:4; 2 Tim 1:10. This life is not merely a principle of power and mobility, however, for it has moral associations which are inseparable from it, as of holiness and righteousness. Death and sin, life and holiness, are frequently contrasted in the Scriptures.

“Zoe is also used of that which is the common possession of all animals and men by nature, Acts 17:25; 1 John 5:16, and of the present sojourn of man upon the earth with reference to its duration, Luke 16:25; 1 Cor 15:19; 1 Tim 4:8; 1 Peter 3:10. ‘This life’ is a term equivalent to ‘the gospel,’ ‘the faith,’ ‘Christianity,’ Acts 5:20.”

From Notes on Galatians, by Hogg and Vine. pp. 324-325.

Death came through sin, Rom 5:12, which is rebellion against God. Sin thus involved the forfeiting of the “life.” “The life of the flesh is in the blood,” Lev 17:11. Therefore the impartation of “life” to the sinner must be by a death caused by the shedding of that element which is the life of the flesh. “It is the blood that maketh atonement by reason of the life” (id. RV). The separation from God caused by the forfeiting of the “life” could be removed only by a sacrifice in which the victim and the offerer became identified. This which was appointed in the typical offerings in Israel received its full accomplishment in the voluntary sacrifice of Christ. The shedding of the blood in the language of Scripture involves the taking or the giving of the “life.” Since Christ had no sins of his own to die for, His death was voluntary and vicarious, John 10:15 with Isa 53:5,10,12; 2 Cor 5:21. In His sacrifice He endured the divine judgment due to man’s sin. By this means the believer becomes identified with Him in His deathless “life,” through His resurrection, and enjoys conscious and eternal fellowship with God.

  1. bios (<START GREEK>bi/o$<END GREEK>, NT:979) (cf. Eng. words beginning with bio), is used in three respects (a) of “the period or duration of life,” e. g., in the KJV of 1 Peter 4:3, “the time past of our life” (the RV follows the mss. which omit “of our life”); Luke 8:14; 2 Tim 2:4; (b) of “the manner of life, life in regard to its moral conduct,” 1 Tim 2:2; 1 John 2:16; (c) of “the means of life, livelihood, maintenance, living,” Mark 12:44; Luke 8:43; 15:12,30; 21:4; 1 John 3:17, “goods,” RV (KJV, “good”). See GOODS.

Note: “While zoe is ‘life’ intensive… bios is ‘life’ extensive…. In bios, used as manner of ‘life,’ there is an ethical sense often inhering which, in classical Greek at least, zoe does not possess.” In Scripture zoe is “the nobler word, expressing as it continually does, all of highest and best which the saints possess in God” (Trench, Syn. Sec. xxvii).

  1. psuche (<START GREEK>yuxh/<END GREEK>, NT:5590), besides its meanings, “heart, mind, soul,” denotes “life” in two chief respects, (a) “breath of life, the natural life,” e. g., Matt 2:20; 6:25; Mark 10:45; Luke 12:22; Acts 20:10; Rev 8:9; 12:11 (cf. Lev 17:11; Est 8:11); (b) “the seat of personality,” e. g., Luke 9:24, explained in v. 25 as “own self” See list under SOUL. See also HEART, MIND.

Notes: (1) “Speaking generally, psuche, is the individual life, the living being, whereas zoe, is the life of that being, cf. Ps 66:9, ‘God… which holdeth our soul (psuche in life (zoe),’ and John 10:10, ‘I came that they may have life (zoe),’ with v. 11, ‘The Good Shepherd layeth down His life (psuche) for the sheep.'” (2) In Rev 13:15, KJV, pneuma, “breath,” is translated “life” (RV, “breath”). (3) In 2 Cor 1:8, “we despaired even of life,” the verb zao, “to live,” is used in the infinitive mood, as a noun, and translated “life” (lit., “living”). In Heb 2:15 the infinitive mood of the same verb is translated “lifetime.”

From Notes on Thessalonians, by Hogg and Vine, p. 325.

  1. biosis (<START GREEK>bi/wsi$<END GREEK>, NT:981), from bioo, “to spend one’s life, to live,” denotes “a manner of life,” Acts 26:4.
  2. agoge (<START GREEK>a)gwgh/<END GREEK>, NT:72), “a manner of life,” 2 Tim 3:10; see CONDUCT.
  3. anastrophe (<START GREEK>a)nastrofh/<END GREEK>, NT:391), “behavior, conduct,” is translated “manner of life” (KJV “conversation”) in the RV of Gal 1:13; 1 Tim 4:12; 1 Peter 1:18; 3:16; “living,” in 1 Peter 1:15. See BEHAVIOR.
  4. Adjectives.
  5. biotikos (<START GREEK>biwtiko/$<END GREEK>, NT:982), “pertaining to life” (bios), is translated “of this life,” in Luke 21:34, with reference to cares; in 1 Cor 6:3 “(things) that pertain to this life,” and v. 4, “(things) pertaining to this life,” i. e., matters of this world, concerning which Christians at Corinth were engaged in public lawsuits one with another; such matters were to be regarded as relatively unimportant in view of the great tribunals to come under the jurisdiction of saints hereafter. Moulton and Milligan (Vocab.) illustrate the word from phrases in the papyri, e. g., “business (documents)”; “business concerning my livelihood”; “(stories) of ordinary life.”
  6. apsuchos (<START GREEK>a&yuxo$<END GREEK>, NT:895) denotes “lifeless inanimate” (a, negative, and psuche, see A, No. 3), “without life,” 1 Cor 14:7.
  7. Verb.

zoopoieo (<START GREEK>zwopoie/w<END GREEK>, NT:2227), “to make alive, cause to live, quicken” (from zoe, “life,” and poieo, “to make”), is used as follows:

“(a) of God as the bestower of every kind of life in the universe, 1 Tim 6:13 (zoogoneo, to preserve alive, is the alternative reading adopted by most editors; see LIVE, No. 6), and, particularly, of resurrection life, John 5:21; Rom 4:17; (b) of Christ, who also is the bestower of resurrection life, John 5:21 (2 nd part); 1 Cor 15:45; cf. v. 22; (c) of the resurrection of Christ in “the body of His glory,” 1 Peter 3:18; (d) of the power of reproduction inherent in seed, which presents a certain analogy with resurrection, 1 Cor 15:36; (e) of the ‘changing,’ or ‘fashioning anew,’ of the bodies of the living, which corresponds with, and takes place at the same time as, the resurrection of the dead in Christ, Rom 8:11; (f) of the impartation of spiritual life, and the communication of spiritual sustenance generally, John 6:63; 2 Cor 3:6; Gal 3:2. See QUICKEN, and cf. sunzoopoieo, “to quicken together with,” Eph 2:5 and Col 2:13.

From Notes on Galatians, by Hogg and Vine pp. 154, 155.

Notes: (1) For the verb diago, “to lead a life,” see LIVE, No. 7. (2) For politeuo, in Phil 1:27, RV, “let your manner of life be,” see LIVE, No. 8. (from Vine’s Expository Dictionary of Biblical Words, Copyright © 1985, Thomas Nelson Publishers.)

3Pure/proves true: OT:6884 <START HEBREW>[r^x*<END HEBREW> tsaraph (tsaw-raf’); a primitive root; to fuse (metal), i.e. refine (literally or figuratively): KJV – cast, (re-) fine (-er), founder, goldsmith, melt, pure, purge away, try. (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)

4Shield: OT:4043 <START HEBREW>/g@m*<END HEBREW> magen (maw-gane’); also (in plural) feminine meginnah (meg-in-naw’); from OT:1598; a shield (i.e. the small one or buckler); figuratively, a protector; also the scaly hide of the crocodile: KJV –  armed, buckler, defence, ruler,  scale, shield.

OT:1598 <START HEBREW>/n^G*<END HEBREW> ganan (gaw-nan’); a primitive root; to hedge about, i.e. (generally) protect: KJV – defend. (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)

5Take refuge: OT:2620 <START HEBREW>hs*j*<END HEBREW> chacah (khaw-saw’); a primitive root; to flee for protection [compare OT:982]; figuratively, to confide in: KJV – have hope, make refuge, (put) trust. (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)

6Holding it fast: NT:2722 <START GREEK>kate/xw<END GREEK> katecho (kat-ekh’-o); from NT:2596 and NT:2192; to hold down (fast), in various applications (literally or figuratively): KJV – have, hold (fast), keep (in memory), let,  make toward, possess, retain, seize on, stay, take, withhold. (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)

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