Test the Spirits

He who is in us is greater than he who is in the world.

The sayings of our mouth and the meditation of our heart.

Ps 19:14 – Let the sayings of my mouth, And the meditation of my heart, Be for a pleasing thing before Thee, O Jehovah, my rock, and my redeemer! (YLT)

What do the sayings of your mouth and the meditation of your heart reveal about who you think you are? Are they in agreement with the words of the Lord God and the meditation of his heart?

As you spend time resting in the word of God daily, forgetting everything you know except Jesus the Messiah, are you aware of a growing desire for your every word and thought to please the Lord? Are you becoming conscious of the Lord’s response to your every word and thought?

Read the words of Scripture slowly and reflectively. Let them settle deep in your soul and take root as the Spirit of God brings them to life.

Mystery.

1 Tim 3:16 – Great indeed, we confess, is the mystery of godliness:

2 Thess 2:7-10 – For the mystery of lawlessness is already at work… The coming of the lawless one is according to the working of Satan, with all power, signs, and lying wonders, and with all unrighteous deception among those who perish…

Godliness: devotion, loyalty, well-reverent, good, adore; holiness.1
Unrighteous: legal injustice; the quality, the act; morally, wrongfulness of character, life, or act.2

Wrongful character, life, or act as an illusion, a fraud, or imposter meant to deceive. The working of Satan. Mystery of lawlessness.

Justice, reverence, holiness, goodness, rightfulness of character, life, or act. Mystery of godliness.

The mystery of godliness and the mystery of lawlessness. What is your experience with these opposing forces?

Mystery: In the ordinary sense a “mystery” implies knowledge withheld; its Scriptural significance is truth revealed. The operation of those hidden forces that either retard or accelerate the Kingdom of Heaven. The spirit of disobedience to God; that which, being outside the range of unassisted natural apprehension, can be made known only by divine revelation, and is made known in a manner and at a time appointed by God, and to those only who are illumined by his Spirit. Mystery is truth revealed.3

The eyes of the Lord preserve knowledge.

Prov 22:12 – The eyes of the Lord preserve knowledge, But He overthrows the words of the faithless. (NKJV)

Preserve: to guard, to protect, maintain, obey; to conceal, besieged, hidden thing, monument, observe, watcher.4

The Lord overthrows the words of the faithless.
Faithless/transgressor/traitor: to cover (with a garment), to act covertly; deal deceitfully, treacherously, unfaithfully; depart.5

The eyes of the Lord.

2 Chron 16:7-9 – At that time Hanani the seer came to Asa king of Judah and said to him, “Because you relied on the king of Syria, and did not rely on the Lord your God, the army of the king of Syria has escaped you. Were not the Ethiopians and the Libyans a huge army with very many chariots and horsemen? Yet because you relied on the Lord, he gave them into your hand. For the eyes of the Lord run to and fro throughout the whole earth, to give strong support to those whose heart is blameless toward him. You have done foolishly in this, for from now on you will have wars.” (ESV)

The mystery of godliness and the mystery of lawlessness. The operation of those hidden forces that either retard or accelerate the Kingdom of Heaven.

We first encounter the mystery of lawlessness, the faithless, in the Garden of Eden.

Your eyes.

Gen 3:1-9 – Now the serpent was more crafty than any other beast of the field that the Lord God had made. He said to the woman, “Did God actually say, ‘You shall not eat of any tree in the garden’?” And the woman said to the serpent, “We may eat of the fruit of the trees in the garden, but God said, ‘You shall not eat of the fruit of the tree that is in the midst of the garden, neither shall you touch it, lest you die.'”

But the serpent said to the woman, “You will not surely die. For God knows that when you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.” So when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was a delight to the eyes, and that the tree was to be desired to make one wise, she took of its fruit and ate, and she also gave some to her husband who was with her, and he ate.

Then the eyes of both were opened, and they knew that they were naked. And they sewed fig leaves together and made themselves loincloths. And they heard the sound of the Lord God walking in the garden in the cool of the day, and the man and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the Lord God among the trees of the garden. (ESV)

The eyes of the Lord preserve knowledge; protect, maintain, conceal, observe, watcher.

Your eyes. The mystery of godliness and the mystery of lawlessness. The operation of those hidden forces that either retard or accelerate the Kingdom of Heaven.

He has blinded their eyes and hardened their heart.

John 12:37-42 – Though he [Jesus] had done so many signs before them, they still did not believe [trust] in him,  so that the word spoken by the prophet Isaiah might be fulfilled: “Lord, who has believed what he heard from us, and to whom has the arm of the Lord been revealed?”

Therefore they could not believe. For again Isaiah said, “He has blinded their eyes and hardened their heart, lest they see with their eyes, and understand with their heart, and turn, and I would heal them.” Isaiah said these things because he saw his glory and spoke of him. (ESV)

Unlike Isaiah, they did not see the Lord God’s glory or speak of him.

He has blinded the minds.

2 Cor 4:3-4 – And even if our gospel is veiled, it is veiled only to those who are perishing. In their case the god of this world has blinded the minds of the unbelievers, to keep them from seeing the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God. (ESV)

The mystery of lawlessness.
Are you familiar with its treacherous voice?
“Did God actually say…”? “Did God really mean…”?
Contradicting the word of the Lord God, “You will not surely die.”
Death through blinded eyes and mind, hardened heart, unable to trust, unable to see the light shining from the good news of the worshipful adoration and praise of Christ toward his Father, inviting us to join in with him.

The mystery of lawlessness.
Are you familiar with being in its grip so that you depart from the way of intimate knowledge that the Lord God has marked out for you? Worshipful adoration. Praising him.
The mystery of lawlessness. Knowledge withheld. Deceitful. Hidden. Covered over.
The woman paid attention to the words of the faithless. She saw. The woman applied herself. She took and ate the forbidden fruit.
The woman adhered to the unfaithful way. She gave the forbidden fruit to her husband to eat.
The eyes of both were opened. And they discovered they weren’t like God!
They hid themselves from the Lord God’s presence.

Read the texts again. Chew upon the words. Turn them over and over in your mind. What thoughts and questions and emotions arise? Ask the Lord God what he wants you to receive from them and how he wants you to respond to them.

Hidden forces.

Mystery. Knowledge withheld. Truth revealed. Hidden forces that either retard or accelerate the Kingdom of heaven.

The mystery of godliness himself encounters the mystery of lawlessness.

Matt 3:13-4:11 – Then Jesus came from Galilee to the Jordan to John, to be baptized by him. John would have prevented him, saying, “I need to be baptized by you, and do you come to me?” But Jesus answered him, “Let it be so now, for thus it is fitting for us to fulfill all righteousness.” Then he consented.  And when Jesus was baptized, immediately he went up from the water, and behold, the heavens were opened to him, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove and coming to rest on him; and behold, a voice from heaven said, “This is my beloved Son, with whom I am well pleased.”

Then Jesus was led up by the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted by the devil. And after fasting forty days and forty nights, he was hungry. And the tempter came and said to him, “If you are the Son of God, command these stones to become loaves of bread.” But he answered, “It is written, “‘Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that comes from the mouth of God.'”

Then the devil took him to the holy city and set him on the pinnacle of the temple and said to him, “If you are the Son of God, throw yourself down, for it is written, “‘He will command his angels concerning you,’ and “‘On their hands they will bear you up, lest you strike your foot against a stone.'”

Jesus said to him, “Again it is written, ‘You shall not put the Lord your God to the test.'”

Again, the devil took him to a very high mountain and showed him all the kingdoms of the world and their glory. And he said to him, “All these I will give you, if you will fall down and worship me.”

Then Jesus said to him, “Be gone, Satan! For it is written, “‘You shall worship the Lord your God and him only shall you serve.'” Then the devil left him, and behold, angels came and were ministering to him. (ESV)

I wonder if all temptations revolve around these two issues; identity and glory.
“If you are…” When we know who we are, we don’t need to give in to the temptation to prove anything.
If you will fall down and worship… When we know whose we are and what we already have, we will bow down to no one else for anything.

Note that the mystery of godliness does not pay attention, does not apply himself, and does not adhere to the deceptive words of the mystery of lawlessness. For the mystery of godliness is already paying attention, applying himself, and adhering himself to another’s words as he is led by the Spirit of God.

When Jesus was baptized, immediately he went up from the water, and the heavens were opened to him.

He saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove and coming to rest on him. A voice from heaven said, “This is my beloved Son, with whom I am well pleased.”

Jesus knows who he is! He doesn’t need to prove anything to anyone.

John 3:35 – The Father loves the Son and has given all things into his hand. (ESV)

Nobody has anything to give to Jesus. He has already been given all things by his Father!

John 13:3 – Jesus, knowing that the Father had given all things into his hands, and that he had come from God and was going back to God, (ESV)

Jesus knew where he had come from. Jesus knew what was his. Jesus knew where he was going. Oh, that we knew the Father as Jesus does!

Jesus is intimately familiar with every word that comes from the mouth of God. He is led by the Spirit of God.
Then Jesus was led up by the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted by the devil. Purposely tested!
Fasting forty days and forty nights.
Fasting: Without food (not through lack of supplies).6
Abstaining from food that satisfies the body to experience a deeper satisfaction.
Forty: the number suggesting probation, separation, or judgment.7

Read the texts again. Chew upon these words. Turn them over and over in your mind and allow their significance to be absorbed by mind, body, soul and spirit.

How often has the tempter told you it’s alright to do whatever is necessary to satisfy the needs of your body?
How often has the tempter distorted the word of God, tempting you to need proof that God’s word is true?
How often has the tempter told you it’s alright to do as you please with your body, and God will protect you?
How often are the treasures of this world…money, achievement, power, comfort, security, pleasure, accumulation of stuff…dangled before you, yours if you’ll only deviate from the path of the word of God to pursue these fleeting things?

“For it is written…”

Do these words often pass your lips in your daily life?
Is the word of God part of your very being so that you can discern between the spirits like Jesus does?

Then Jesus said to him, “Be gone, Satan! For it is written, “‘You shall worship the Lord your God and him only shall you serve.'”

What thoughts and questions and emotions arise?

Does a word satisfy? Encourage? Convict? Prod? Instruct? Empower? Give hope?

Have you experienced the power of the word of God? “It is written…”

The Spirit of Truth.

John 14:15-18 – “If you love me, you will keep my commands; and I will ask the Father, and he will give you another comforting Counselor like me, the Spirit of Truth, to be with you forever. The world cannot receive him, because it neither sees nor knows him. You know him, because he is staying with you and will be united with you. I will not leave you orphans — I am coming to you. (CJB)

I am coming to you. To be near. Presence.
Comforting Counselor to be with you forever.
The Spirit of Truth. You know him, because he is staying with you.
United with you.

Are you intimately familiar with Christ Jesus’ comforting, counseling presence?

Test the spirits.

1 John 4:1-6 – Beloved, do not believe every spirit, but test the spirits to see whether they are from God, for many false prophets have gone out into the world. By this you know the Spirit of God: every spirit that confesses that Jesus Christ has come in the flesh is from God, and every spirit that does not confess Jesus is not from God. This is the spirit of the antichrist, which you heard was coming and now is in the world already. Little children, you are from God and have overcome them, for he who is in you is greater than he who is in the world. They are from the world; therefore they speak from the world, and the world listens to them. We are from God. Whoever knows God listens to us; whoever is not from God does not listen to us. By this we know the Spirit of truth and the spirit of error. (ESV)

The Spirit of truth. The spirit of error.
Who do you listen to? Do you recognize and distinguish between the voices, words, thoughts, spirits?

Mystery. Knowledge withheld. Truth revealed. Hidden forces that either retard or accelerate the Kingdom of heaven.

Every spirit that does not speak the same thing as Jesus is not from God.

1 John 2:22-23 – Who is a liar at all, if not the person who denies that Yeshua [Jesus] is the Messiah? Such a person is an anti-Messiah — he is denying the Father and the Son. Everyone who denies the Son is also without the Father, but the person who acknowledges [confesses] the Son has the Father as well. (CJB)

Deny: to contradict, deny any knowledge or approval of, to give up rights, claims, beliefs, practices, way of living or feeling; disown.8

Confess: to speak the same thing.9

They are from the world; therefore they speak from the world, and the world listens to them.
We are from God. Whoever knows God listens to us;

By this we know the Spirit of truth and the spirit of error.

Shouldn’t people seek their God?

Isa 8:19-22 – So when they tell you to consult those squeaking, squawking mediums and fortune-tellers; [you are to answer], “Shouldn’t a people seek their God? Must the living ask the dead for teaching and instruction?” For they will indeed give you this unenlightened suggestion. Distressed and hungry they will pass through the land; and because of their hunger they will grow angry and curse by their king and by their God. But whether they look up [to God] or [down] at the earth, they will see only trouble and darkness, anguished gloom and pervasive darkness. (CJB)

The answer lies in Christ.

1 Tim 3:16 – It is quite true that the way to live a godly life is not an easy matter. But the answer lies in Christ, who came to earth as a man, was proved spotless and pure in his Spirit, was served by angels, was preached among the nations, was accepted by men everywhere, and was received up again to his glory in heaven. (TLB)

The way to live a godly life is not an easy matter.
The way to live a godly life lies in Christ.
Christ. Human. Divine. Pure in his Spirit. Never enslaved by the spirit of lawlessness.
Christ. He is in us!
He who is in us is greater than he who is in the world.

He who is in the world. The spirit of error.
Mystery of lawlessness.

How long will you love vain words?

Ps 4:2 – O men, how long shall my [Lord God] honor be turned into shame? How long will you love vain words and seek after lies? (ESV)

How long?

Mystery of godliness.

He will empower you with inner strength by his Spirit.

Eph 3:16-19 – I pray that from the treasures of his glory he will empower you with inner strength by his Spirit, so that the Messiah may live in your hearts through your trusting. Also I pray that you will be rooted and founded in love, so that you, with all God’s people, will be given strength to grasp the breadth, length, height and depth of the Messiah’s love, yes, to know it, even though it is beyond all knowing, so that you will be filled with all the fullness of God. (CJB)

From the treasures of his glory
He will empower you with inner strength by his Spirit
Filled with all the fullness of God.

Read the texts again, setting aside your own thoughts, perceptions, judgments, your own agenda, to allow response from your inner depths to surface. What do you discover?

He who is in us is greater than he who is in the world. Trust! Seek. Revere the mystery of godliness.

 

But it is the spirit in man, the breath of the Almighty, that makes him understand. (Job 32:8 ESV)

Become aware of your breath. The breath of the Almighty in you.

Breath by breath. Become conscious of the presence of the Almighty in you. Seek his strength. Seek his presence. Surrender to the influence of the breath of the Almighty.

2 Cor 13:14 – the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit, [is] with you all! Amen. (YLT)

Inhale.
Exhale.

You must rely on the breath of the Almighty, the Spirit of God who lives inside you, to make you understand Gods words, to discern the thoughts and intentions of your heart, to seek the interests of Jesus Christ and not your own.

With your inhalation draw the words of the Lord God deep within you.

With your exhalation empty yourself of all your own ideas, plans, thoughts, imaginations and words to make room for the words of God to take possession. Open yourself completely to what the Lord God wants to reveal to you about yourself and about him.

Eph 6:10 – Finally, grow powerful in union with the Lord, in union with his mighty strength! (CJB)

Inhale: (draw the words of the Lord God deep within you)

Grow powerful in union with the Lord

Exhale. (empty yourself of self to allow the words of God to take possession)

Grow powerful in union with his mighty strength!

Wait, watch, listen, be still, be willing for the Lord God to transform you from within, revealing who you really are. Strive and reach for the goal, alive to the energy that he powerfully works in you as you rest, completely dependent upon him to reach the goal, united with the Messiah, the mystery of godliness.

As you receive the Word of God into that deepest place of your being, the Lord God is rescuing you, he is loosening your bonds to your old nature, he is delivering you from your illusions and foolish boasting. Through Jesus, our Messiah, God is gradually transforming you from within, revealing who you really are, becoming one spirit with him.

Inhale.
Exhale.
Breathe the Lord God’s words all day every day.

2 Peter 3:18 – But grow in the grace and knowledge of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. To him be the glory both now and to the day of eternity. Amen. (ESV)

*****

Resources/For deeper study:

1Godliness: NT:2150 <START GREEK>eu)se/beia<END GREEK> eusebeia (yoo-seb’-i-ah); from NT:2152; piety; specially, the gospel scheme: KJV – godliness, holiness.

NT:2152 <START GREEK>eu)sebh/$ <END GREEK> eusebes (yoo-seb-ace’); from NT:2095 and NT:4576; well-reverent, i.e. pious: KJV – devout, godly.

NT:2095 <START GREEK>eu@ <END GREEK> eu (yoo); neuter of a primary eus (good); (adverbially) well: KJV – good, well (done).

NT:4576 <START GREEK>se/bomai <END GREEK> sebomai (seb’-om-ahee); middle voice of an apparently primary verb; to revere, i.e. adore: KJV – devout, religious, worship. (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)

2Unrighteous: NT:93 <START GREEK>a)diki/a <END GREEK> adikia (ad-ee-kee’-ah); from NT:94; (legal) injustice (properly, the quality, by implication, the act); morally, wrongfulness (of character, life or act): KJV – iniquity, unjust, unrighteousness, wrong. (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)

3MYSTERY musterion (<START GREEK>musth/rion<END GREEK>, NT:3466), primarily that which is known to the mustes, “the initiated” (from mueo (<START GREEK>mue/w<END GREEK>), “to initiate into the mysteries”; cf. Phil 4:12, mueomai, “I have learned the secret,” RV). In the NT it denotes, not the mysterious (as with the Eng. word), but that which, being outside the range of unassisted natural apprehension, can be made known only by divine revelation, and is made known in a manner and at a time appointed by God, and to those only who are illumined by His Spirit. In the ordinary sense a “mystery” implies knowledge withheld; its Scriptural significance is truth revealed. Hence the terms especially associated with the subject are “made known,” “manifested,” “revealed,” “preached,” “understand,” “dispensation.” The definition given above may be best illustrated by the following passage: “the mystery which hath been hid from all ages and generations: but now hath it been manifested to His saints” Col 1:26, RV. “It is used of:

“(a) spiritual truth generally, as revealed in the gospel, 1 Cor 13:2; 14:2 [cf. 1 Tim 3:9]. Among the ancient Greeks ‘the mysteries’ were religious rites and ceremonies practiced by secret societies into which any one who so desired might be received. Those who were initiated into these ‘mysteries’ became possessors of certain knowledge, which was not imparted to the uninitiated, and were called ‘the perfected,’ cf. 1 Cor 2:6-16 where the Apostle has these ‘mysteries’ in mind and presents the gospel in contrast thereto; here ‘the perfected’ are, of course the believers, who alone can perceive the things revealed; (b) Christ, who is God Himself revealed under the conditions of human life, Col 2:2; 4:3, and submitting even to death, 1 Cor 2:1 [in some mss., for marturion, testimony], 7, but raised from among the dead, 1 Tim 3:16, that the will of God to coordinate the universe in Him, and subject it to Him, might in due time be accomplished, Eph 1:9 (cf. Rev 10:7), as is declared in the gospel Rom 16:25; Eph 6:19; (c) the Church, which is Christ’s Body, i. e., the union of redeemed men with God in Christ, Eph 5:32 [cf. Col 1:27]; (d) the rapture into the presence of Christ of those members of the Church which is His Body who shall be alive on the earth at His Parousia, 1 Cor 15:51; (e) the operation of those hidden forces that either retard or accelerate the Kingdom of Heaven (i. e., of God), Matt 13:11; Mark 4:11; (f) the cause of the present condition of Israel, Rom 11:25; (g) the spirit of disobedience to God, 2 Thess 2:7; Rev 17:5,7, cf. Eph 2:2.”

From Notes on Thessalonians, by Hogg and Vine pp. 256. 257.

To these may be added (h) the seven local churches, and their angels, seen in symbolism, Rev 1:20; (i) the ways of God in grace, Eph 3:9. The word is used in a comprehensive way in 1 Cor 4:1. (from Vine’s Expository Dictionary of Biblical Words, Copyright © 1985, Thomas Nelson Publishers.)

4Preserve: OT:5341 <START HEBREW>rx^n* <END HEBREW> natsar (naw-tsar’); a primitive root; to guard, in a good sense (to protect, maintain, obey, etc.) or a bad one (to conceal, etc.): KJV – besieged, hidden thing, keep (-er, -ing), monument, observe, preserve (-r), subtil, watcher (-man). (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)

5Faithless/transgressor/traitor: OT:898 <START HEBREW>dg^B* <END HEBREW> bagad (baw-gad’); a primitive root; to cover (with a garment); figuratively, to act covertly; by implication, to pillage: KJV – deal deceitfully (treacherously, unfaithfully), offend, transgress (-or), (depart), treacherous (dealer, -ly, man), unfaithful (-ly, man), very. (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)

6FAST, FASTING: A. Nouns.

  1. nesteia (<START GREEK>nhstei/a<END GREEK>, NT:3521), “a fasting, fast” (from ne, a negative prefix, and esthio, “to eat”), is used (a) of voluntary abstinence from food, Luke 2:37; Acts 14:23 (some mss. have it in Matt 17:21 and Mark 9:29); “fasting” had become a common practice among Jews, and was continued among Christians; in Acts 27:9, “the Fast” refers to the Day of Atonement, Lev 16:29; that time of the year would be one of dangerous sailing; (b) of involuntary abstinence (perhaps voluntary is included), consequent upon trying circumstances, 2 Cor 6:5; 11:27.
  2. nestis (<START GREEK>nh=sti$<END GREEK>, NT:3523), “not eating” (see No. 1), “fasting,” is used of lack of food, Matt 15:32; Mark 8:3.

Note: Asitia, Acts 27:21, means “without food” (not through lack of supplies), i. e., abstinence from food. See ABSTINENCE, and cf. C, below.

  1. Verb. nesteuo (<START GREEK>nhsteu/w<END GREEK>, NT:3522), “to fast, to abstain from eating” (akin to A, Nos. 1 and 2), is used of voluntary “fasting,” Matt 4:2; 6:16,17,18; 9:14,15; Mark 2:18,19,20; Luke 5:33,34,35; 18:12; Acts 13:2,3. Some of these passages show that teachers to whom scholars or disciples were attached gave them special instructions as to “fasting.” Christ taught the need of purity and simplicity of motive.

The answers of Christ to the questions of the disciples of John and of the Pharisees reveal His whole purpose and method. No doubt He and His followers observed such a fast as that on the Day of Atonement, but He imposed no frequent “fasts” in addition. What He taught was suitable to the change of character and purpose which He designed for His disciples. His claim to be the Bridegroom, Matt 9:15, and the reference there to the absence of “fasting,” virtually involved a claim to be the Messiah (cf. Zech 8:19). Some mss. have the verb in Acts 10:30.

  1. Adjective. asitos (<START GREEK>a&sito$<END GREEK>, NT:777), “without food” (a, negative, sitos, “corn, food”), is used in Acts 27:33, “fasting.” Cf. asitia, Note under A, No. 2. (from Vine’s Expository Dictionary of Biblical Words, Copyright © 1985, Thomas Nelson Publishers.)

7FORTY: tessarakonta (<START GREEK>tessara/konta<END GREEK>, NT:5062) is used in circumstances in Scripture which indicate the number as suggesting probation, separation or judgment, e. g., Matt 4:2; Acts 1:3; Heb 3:9,17. Note: Tessarakontaetes, “forty years” (etos, “a year”), is found in Acts 7:23; 13:18. (from Vine’s Expository Dictionary of Biblical Words, Copyright © 1985, Thomas Nelson Publishers.)

8Deny: NT:720 <START GREEK>a)rne/omai<END GREEK> arneomai (ar-neh’-om-ahee); perhaps from NT:1 (as a negative particle) and the middle voice of NT:4483; to contradict, i.e. disavow, reject, abnegate: KJV – deny, refuse. (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)

9CONFESS: 1. homologeo (<START GREEK>o(mologe/w<END GREEK>, NT:3670), lit., “to speak the same thing” (homos, “same,” lego, “to speak”), “to assent, accord, agree with,” denotes, (a) “to confess, declare, admit,” John 1:20; e. g., Acts 24:14; Heb 11:13; (b) “to confess by way of admitting oneself guilty of what one is accused of, the result of inward conviction,” 1 John 1:9; (c) “to declare openly by way of speaking out freely, such confession being the effect of deep conviction of facts,” Matt 7:23; 10:32 (twice) and Luke 12:8 (see next par.); John 9:22; 12:42; Acts 23:8; Rom 10:9-10 (“confession is made”); 1 Tim 6:12 (RV); Titus 1:16; 1 John 2:23; 4:2,15; 2 John 7 (in John’s epistle it is the necessary antithesis to Gnostic doceticism); Rev 3:5, in the best mss. (some have No. 2 here); (d) “to confess by way of celebrating with praise,” Heb 13:15; (e) “to promise,” Matt 14:7.

In Matt 10:32 and Luke 12:8 the construction of this verb with en, “in,” followed by the dative case of the personal pronoun, has a special significance, namely, to “confess” in a person’s name, the nature of the “confession” being determined by the context, the suggestion being to make a public “confession.” Thus the statement, “every one… who shall confess Me (lit. “in Me,” i. e., in My case) before men, him (lit., “in him,” i. e., in his case) will I also confess before My Father…,” conveys the thought of “confessing” allegiance to Christ as one’s Master and Lord, and, on the other hand, of acknowledgment, on His part, of the faithful one as being His worshipper and servant, His loyal follower; this is appropriate to the original idea in homologeo of being identified in thought or language. See PROEFESS, PROMISE, THANK.

(from Vine’s Expository Dictionary of Biblical Words, Copyright © 1985, Thomas Nelson Publishers.)

 

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