Bless your enemies and those who persecute you, by putting them in God’s care.
Ps 19:14 – Let the sayings of my mouth, And the meditation of my heart, Be for a pleasing thing before Thee, O Jehovah, my rock, and my redeemer! (YLT)
The sayings of my mouth.
Expressions that expose what is in my heart, revealing what I perceive to be truth and wisdom.
The meditation of my heart.
To earnestly, deeply think and to murmur with tenderness, evoking a strong emotional response.
Deep calls to deep.
Deep calls to deep at the roar of your waterfalls; all your breakers and your waves have gone over me. (Psalm 42:7 ESV)
Deep calls to deep. How vastly different is the deep of God and the deep of human beings who are estranged from the deep of the Lord God!
Falling and rising.
Luke 2:34-35 – Simeon went on to bless them, and said to Mary his mother, This child [Christ Jesus] marks both the failure and the recovery of many in Israel, A figure misunderstood and contradicted — the pain of a sword-thrust through you — But the rejection will force honesty, as God reveals who they really are. (MSG)
Falling and rising. Failure and recovery. Dying and resurrection. As God reveals who they really are…
The fall. Opposed to the Lord Jesus Christ. Speaking against him. Misunderstanding him. Contradicting him. Trouble. Anguish. Illusion. Addiction. Fear. Unwilling to depend completely on him. Unwilling to do his will.
The rising again. A standing up again, i.e. literally a resurrection from death, or figuratively a recovery of spiritual truth.
Note Jonah’s words, thoughts, attitudes and actions after the Lord God brought him back from the deep of death, to again walk in the course that God had marked out for him after the fish vomited him out onto dry land. Note how God continues to tenderly and affectionately reason with him. As you ponder Jonah’s words, thoughts and actions, ask the Lord God to examine and expose your own heart.
Walk in the course that God marked out.
Jonah began to go into the city, going a day’s journey. And he called out, “Yet forty days, and Nineveh shall be overthrown! [conquered, destroyed, ruined, ended]” (Jonah 3:4 ESV)
The word reached the king of Nineveh, and he arose from his throne, removed his robe, covered himself with sackcloth, and sat in ashes. And he issued a proclamation and published through Nineveh, “By the decree of the king and his nobles: Let neither man nor beast, herd nor flock, taste anything. Let them not feed or drink water, but let man and beast be covered with sackcloth, and let them call out mightily to God. Let everyone turn from his evil way and from the violence that is in his hands. Who knows? God may turn and relent and turn from his fierce anger, so that we may not perish.”
When God saw what they did, how they turned from their evil [natural1] way, God relented of the disaster that he had said he would do to them, and he did not do it. (Jonah 3:6-10 ESV)
God saw how they turned from their natural way and did not do the disaster he said he would do to them. They turned from their natural way, from the flesh that has no benefit, that is not useful. They heard with understanding the word of the Lord God. They turned away from their thoughts of self-reliance and their ways of violence to complete dependence on God. Waiting. Hoping. Would he be gracious to them? Would they perish?
Who knows? God may turn and relent and turn from his fierce anger, that we may not perish.
It displeased Jonah.
But it displeased Jonah exceedingly, and he was angry. And he prayed to the Lord and said, “O Lord, is not this what I said when I was yet in my country? That is why I made haste to flee to Tarshish; for I knew that you are a gracious God and merciful, slow to anger and abounding in steadfast love, and relenting from disaster. Therefore now, O Lord, please take my life from me, for it is better for me to die than to live.” And the Lord said, “Do you do well to be angry?”
Jonah went out of the city and sat to the east of the city and made a booth for himself there. He sat under it in the shade, till he should see what would become of the city. Now the Lord God appointed a plant and made it come up over Jonah, that it might be a shade over his head, to save him from his discomfort. So Jonah was exceedingly glad because of the plant. But when dawn came up the next day, God appointed a worm that attacked the plant, so that it withered. When the sun rose, God appointed a scorching east wind, and the sun beat down on the head of Jonah so that he was faint. And he asked that he might die and said, “It is better for me to die than to live.”
But God said to Jonah, “Do you do well to be angry for the plant?” And he said, “Yes, I do well to be angry, angry enough to die.” And the Lord said, “You pity the plant, for which you did not labor, nor did you make it grow, which came into being in a night and perished in a night. And should not I pity Nineveh, that great city, in which there are more than 120,000 persons who do not know their right hand from their left, and also much cattle?” (Jonah 4 ESV)
How vastly the heart of the Lord God differs from Jonah’s!
But it displeased Jonah exceedingly, and he was angry. Why did the Lord God’s mercy toward the citizens of Nineveh displease Jonah? Why did the Lord God’s mercy make Jonah angry?
Displeased: to spoil, literally, by breaking to pieces; to make or be good for nothing; bad physically, socially, or morally.1
How did Jonah’s exceeding displeasure impact him? Did Jonah’s displeasure impact God? Did Jonah’s displeasure impact the people of Nineveh?
To spoil. To make or be good for nothing.
What did the sayings of Jonah’s mouth and the meditation of his heart reveal about himself, about the state of his heart, and about his relationship with the Lord God during those moments and days?
It is better for me.
“O Lord, please take my life from me, for it is better for me to die than to live,” Jonah said.
Was Jonah thinking only of what seemed good to him for his natural self? Did he have any idea what the Lord God judged as good for him? Why did Jonah feel this way?
Prov 18:17 – The one who states his case first seems right, until the other comes and examines him. (ESV)
The Lord God examined Jonah by asking him, “Do you do well to be angry?”
Do well: to be, make well, literally sound, beautiful or figuratively happy, successful, right.2
Might the Lord have been suggesting that Jonah look beyond himself to discover a much bigger and grander picture of reality? Might the Lord have been asking Jonah to take stock of the deceit and sickness that resided in his own heart that prevented him from falling before the Lord God in worship and awe in response to what the Lord God was doing in and for the people of Nineveh?
Why did God’s response to the people of Nineveh affect Jonah so deeply and passionately? What existed in Jonah’s flesh, his natural way of thinking and reacting, that put him so out of step with the Lord God’s heart?
Archaeologists have discovered that the Assyrians were a merciless and savage people. The Assyrian army was ruthless and effective. Its cruelty included burning cities, burning children, impaling victims on stakes, beheading, and chopping off hands. But, like Babylon, whom God used as an instrument of judgment against Judah, Assyria became God’s channel of punishment and judgment against Israel because of their sin and idolatry. Because of the cruelty and paganism of the Assyrians, the Hebrew people harbored deep-seated hostility against this nation. This attitude is revealed clearly in the Book of Jonah.3
Have you ever found yourself wanting and expecting God to do violence against someone who has harmed you? To repay them in like manner and equal measure as they mistreated, oppressed, or did violence to you or others?
Has your displeasure with others hindered you from seeing your own failures, your own lack of love and mercy and justice and looking out for the interests of others the same way you look out for your own?
It is better for me to die than to live.
Was Jonah simply being melodramatic in asking God to take his life from him? Did he mean it literally?
Jonah had previously been God’s spokesman predicting the expansion of Israel’s territory. There is no record that he had any problem doing the Lord God’s bidding then.4
So why is Jonah so upset now?
And then… Jonah confessed why he ran from the Lord God in the first place.
“O Lord, is not this what I said when I was yet in my country [northern Israel]? That is why I made haste to flee to Tarshish; for I knew that you are a gracious God and merciful, slow to anger and abounding in steadfast love, and relenting from disaster. Therefore now, O Lord, please take my life from me.
What I said
What I knew
You are a gracious God, merciful, slow to anger, abounding in steadfast love
And relenting from disaster.
That is why I made haste to flee to Tarshish.
Did Jonah think the Lord God would not hold him accountable because God is gracious and merciful?
Was Jonah taking advantage of the Lord God’s mercy in going his own way?
Or did Jonah not want his enemy to share in the Lord God’s grace and mercy?
Or did Jonah think God would be gracious and merciful to them even if Jonah did not deliver God’s message to them?
I did not want to be the one to deliver the message that would save those whom I hate
I did not want to be the tool that you worked through to save those whom I consider my enemy
I hoped you would change your mind about sending me
I hoped you would change your mind about being gracious to them and relenting from disaster
I did not want to speak words warning of their demise only to have you relent, Lord God.
Now you’ve gone and done what I hoped you would not do!
Therefore now, O Lord, please take my life from me.
Was this a confession of guilt and shame, feeling unworthy of the Lord God’s graciousness toward him?
Did Jonah feel disloyal to his people in delivering a message from their God to their hated enemy?
Or was Jonah concerned about his reputation?
Deut 18:20-22 – But the prophet who presumes to speak a word in my name that I have not commanded him to speak, or who speaks in the name of other gods, that same prophet shall die.’ And if you say in your heart, ‘How may we know the word that the Lord has not spoken?’— when a prophet speaks in the name of the Lord, if the word does not come to pass or come true, that is a word that the Lord has not spoken; the prophet has spoken it presumptuously. You need not be afraid of him. (ESV)
Was Jonah afraid that his people would no longer receive him as a prophet if the Lord God did not actually carry out the words that he asked Jonah to speak against Nineveh? Because he knew his God was gracious, merciful, abounding in steadfast love, and relenting from disaster, did he fear that his God would let him down and make him look bad if God did not wipe out Jonah’s perceived enemy?
Do you do well…?
What was the state of Jonah’s heart? Did he understand why he was angry and wanting to die?
And the Lord God said, “Do you do well to be angry?”
Are you aware of the Lord God relentlessly examining you as he examined Jonah? Do you hear the Lord God asking this same question of you? “Do you do well to be angry?” “Do you do well to be fearful?” “Do you do well to be concerned about your own self-interests?” “Do you do well…?”
Do you pause often to examine your thoughts and your emotions so you can respond honestly to the Lord God when he asks, “Do you do well to be…?” Do you ask him to show you if there is something spoiled in you? Something broken? Something good for nothing? Something bad physically, socially or morally?
By asking this question, was the Lord God inviting Jonah to observe and become aware of the sayings of his mouth and the meditation of his heart? Was the Lord God inviting Jonah to see beyond himself and his natural wishes?
Job 15:2-4 – “Should a wise man answer with windy knowledge, and fill his belly with the east wind? Should he argue in unprofitable talk, or in words with which he can do no good? But you are doing away with the fear of God and hindering meditation before God. (ESV)
Our thoughts and ways are not the thoughts and ways of God.
Matt 20:15 – Am I not allowed to do what I choose with what belongs to me? Or do you begrudge my generosity?’ (ESV)
Jonah went out of the city and sat to the east of the city and made a booth for himself there. He sat under it in the shade, till he should see what would become of the city. Did Jonah sit there wishing that the Lord God might destroy the city and the people of Nineveh yet?
As Jonah sat in his booth watching and waiting, the Lord God appointed a plant and made it come up over Jonah, that it might be a shade over his head, to save him from his discomfort. So Jonah was exceedingly glad because of the plant.
But when dawn came up the next day, God appointed a worm that attacked the plant, so that it withered. When the sun rose, God appointed a scorching east wind, and the sun beat down on the head of Jonah so that he was faint. And he asked that he might die and said, “It is better for me to die than to live.”
Appointed: to weigh out, to give a share with no indication of uniform distribution.5
Ps 62:11-12 – Once God has spoken; twice have I heard this: that power belongs to God, and that to you, O Lord, belongs steadfast love. For you will render to a man according to his work. (ESV)
How quickly Jonah’s demeanor and emotions changed according to his natural, personal comfort and desires!
Again, God said to Jonah, “Do you do well to be angry for the plant?”
How often the Lord God appoints physical discomfort and suffering to reveal deeper soul disease!
Jonah replied, “Yes, I do well to be angry, angry enough to die.”
Still, it seems Jonah fails to see and feel and experience and appreciate reality from the Lord God’s perspective.
And the Lord said, “You pity the plant, for which you did not labor, nor did you make it grow, which came into being in a night and perished in a night. And should not I pity Nineveh, that great city, in which there are more than 120,000 persons who do not know their right hand from their left, and also much cattle?”
Pity/spare: to cover, i.e. figuratively to compassionate.6
Do not know/cannot discern: to ascertain by seeing; observation, care, recognition, instruction, designation, punishment.7
God pities, covers in sympathy and tenderness human beings and animals who do not know and cannot discern right from wrong.
Was the Lord God nudging Jonah to see and willingly, favorably receive a universal truth, one that Jesus would later speak of in a parable about his Father’s kingdom?
Whatever is right.
Matt 20:1-16 – “For the kingdom of heaven is like a master of a house who went out early in the morning to hire laborers for his vineyard. After agreeing with the laborers for a denarius a day, he sent them into his vineyard. And going out about the third hour he saw others standing idle in the marketplace, and to them he said, ‘You go into the vineyard too, and whatever is right I will give you.’ So they went. Going out again about the sixth hour and the ninth hour, he did the same. And about the eleventh hour he went out and found others standing. And he said to them, ‘Why do you stand here idle all day?’ They said to him, ‘Because no one has hired us.’ He said to them, ‘You go into the vineyard too.’ And when evening came, the owner of the vineyard said to his foreman, ‘Call the laborers and pay them their wages, beginning with the last, up to the first.‘ And when those hired about the eleventh hour came, each of them received a denarius. Now when those hired first came, they thought they would receive more, but each of them also received a denarius. And on receiving it they grumbled at the master of the house, saying, ‘These last worked only one hour, and you have made them equal to us who have borne the burden of the day and the scorching heat.’ But he replied to one of them, ‘Friend, I am doing you no wrong. Did you not agree with me for a denarius? Take what belongs to you and go. I choose to give to this last worker as I give to you. Am I not allowed to do what I choose with what belongs to me? Or do you begrudge my generosity?’ So the last will be first, and the first last.” (ESV)
The owner of the vineyard said to his foreman, “Call the laborers and pay them their wages, beginning with the last, up to the first.”
These last worked only one hour, and you have made them equal to us
We have borne the burden of the day and the scorching heat, and you have made them equal to us
Did Jonah perhaps begrudge the Lord God’s generosity toward those Jonah considered his merciless, savage enemy? Did he begrudge the Lord God making them equal to Jonah’s own people in measuring out grace and mercy? Does the Lord God look at those who do not know their right hand from their left hand as enemies?
Be like our heavenly Father.
How does Jesus advise us to deal with enemies so that we may be like our heavenly Father?
Matt 5:43-48 – “You have heard that it was said, ‘You shall love your neighbor and hate your enemy.’ But I say to you, Love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you, so that you may be sons of your Father who is in heaven. For he makes his sun rise on the evil and on the good, and sends rain on the just and on the unjust. For if you love those who love you, what reward do you have? Do not even the tax collectors do the same? And if you greet only your brothers, what more are you doing than others? Do not even the Gentiles do the same? You therefore must be perfect, as your heavenly Father is perfect. (ESV)
Perfect: complete in labor, growth, mental and moral character.8
Be perfect, as your heavenly Father is perfect. This directive implies a definite point or goal set, a point aimed at, a purpose.
Was Jonah struggling to do this?
Gal 5:17 – For the old nature wants what is contrary to the Spirit, and the Spirit wants what is contrary to the old nature. These oppose each other, so that you find yourselves unable to carry out your good intentions. (CJB)
Be perfect, as your heavenly Father is perfect. This goal can only be reached in union with God through Christ Jesus.
Gal 2:20 – I [apostle Paul] have been crucified with Christ. It is no longer I who live, but Christ who lives in me. And the life I now live in the flesh I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me and gave himself for me. (ESV)
Did Jonah experience what the apostle Paul did? Crucified with Christ?
Might Jonah have been asking the Lord God to let him die so that Christ might live in him? Might this be the work and purpose that the Lord God was working in him his whole life long? And in you and me, too? Let me die that Christ might live in me!
At a later date the Lord God showed Jonah’s own people the same pity that he showed the people of Nineveh.
John 17:1-3 – After Jesus said these things, he looked toward heaven and prayed, “Father, the time has come. Give glory to your Son so that the Son can give glory to you. You gave the Son power over all people so that the Son could give eternal life to all those you gave him. And this is eternal life: that people know you, the only true God, and that they know Jesus Christ, the One you sent. (NCV)
All things come from God our Father. Jesus knew this. He always asked to receive from his Father what he needed to accomplish the work that his Father gave him to do, to give eternal life to people. Jesus modeled for us how to live, really live.
Luke 23:34 – And Jesus said, “Father, forgive them, for they know not what they do.” (ESV)
Father, forgive them
They know not
They are not aware
They do not perceive
They do not understand
They do not gaze with wide-open eyes, as at something remarkable.
They do not discern clearly
They do not experience
They do not attend to9
Eternal life is knowing God and Jesus Christ. Jesus’ work is to make his Father known.
Our work is to allow Christ to live in us, so that he and we together may make our Father known.
Love your enemies. What does the Lord God’s love look and feel like?
1 Cor 13:4-13 – Love is patient and kind; love does not envy or boast; it is not arrogant or rude. It does not insist on its own way; it is not irritable or resentful; it does not rejoice at wrongdoing, but rejoices with the truth. Love bears all things, believes all things, hopes all things, endures all things.
Love never ends. As for prophecies, they will pass away; as for tongues, they will cease; as for knowledge, it will pass away. For we know in part and we prophesy in part, but when the perfect comes, the partial will pass away. When I was a child, I spoke like a child, I thought like a child, I reasoned like a child. When I became a man, I gave up childish ways. For now we see in a mirror dimly, but then face to face. Now I know in part; then I shall know fully, even as I have been fully known. So now faith, hope, and love abide, these three; but the greatest of these is love. (ESV)
Was Jonah speaking, thinking and reasoning like a child?
Was the Lord God asking him to give up his childish ways?
Now we see in a mirror dimly
Now I know in part.
When the perfect comes…
Then face to face
We shall know fully
Even as we have been fully known.
Be perfect, as your heavenly Father is perfect; a definite point or goal set, a point aimed at, a purpose that can only be reached in union with God through Christ Jesus.
What is perfection in the Lord God’s eyes?
Luke 6:36 – Be merciful, even as your Father is merciful. (ESV)
Luke 6:36 – Show compassion, just as your Father shows compassion. (CJB)
Your Father is merciful
Your Father shows compassion
Merciful: compassionate; of tender mercy; to exercise pity; feel sorrow for another’s suffering or misfortune; an urge to help or spare.10
1 Peter 3:8-9 – Finally, all of you, have unity of mind, sympathy, brotherly love, a tender heart, and a humble mind. Do not repay evil for evil or reviling for reviling, but on the contrary, bless, for to this you were called, that you may obtain a blessing. (ESV)
All of you
Have unity of mind
A tender heart
A humble mind.
Do not repay evil for evil or reviling for reviling
But on the contrary
Commend, entrust, put in the care of God
Invoke a divine blessing on11
Bless, for to this you were called
That you may obtain a blessing.
Rom 9:16 – …it doesn’t depend on human desires or efforts, but on God, who has mercy. (CJB)
Zech 4:6 – …Not by might, nor by power, but by my Spirit, says the Lord of hosts. (ESV)
The Lord God did not call Jonah to condemn, to call down curses on his enemy, but to bless them, by putting them in God’s care, totally dependent upon his grace and mercy, to give them exactly what they need! And he calls you and me to do the same. Be merciful, even as your Father is merciful. And the power to do this comes from the Spirit of God. It depends on God, who has mercy. To bless, and to obtain a blessing requires complete dependence and wholehearted, single-minded devotion to God.
Interact with the words of Scripture through deep, careful study.
Read the Lord God’s words. Read slowly. Read reflectively. Not just with your mind but with your heart and spirit. Let his words sink in. Ruminate upon his words. Take from them what he wants to give to you.
Meditate. Experience the word of Scripture bodily by moaning, growling, uttering, speaking aloud each word, syllable by syllable. Experience the words of Scripture expressing the longing and desire and hope in the depth of your own soul. Become acquainted with your longing. Anticipate that your soul’s longing will be satisfied, its hunger will be filled with good things, and it will be healed and made complete again. Let the inspired word of God arouse feelings of awe.
Respond by setting your thoughts and emotions aside and let your heart speak to God without words.
Then move beyond logic and reason; move from head to heart to spirit. Contemplate. Sit quietly without thinking, without murmuring. Simply be. Become conscious of your companions. Longing for you. Your longing for them.
Simply rest in God’s words. Listen to God at the deepest level of your inner being. Listen as Love speaks with a still small voice that moves you to silence and an ever-deepening listening in which the Word becomes active and alive in you, gradually transforming you from within.11
2 Cor 13:14 – the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit, [is] with you all! Amen. (YLT)
When finished, select just one word or phrase and carry it with you all day, thinking about it, murmuring it, holding it, treasuring it. Let it soak deep into your soul, so it miraculously combines your spirit with God’s Spirit. Tomorrow, meditate on the entire text again. Select the same word or phrase or a different one to carry with you all day, thinking about it, murmuring it, holding it, treasuring it. Do this practice every day. Let God’s Word begin to fill your soul with good things, with life.
I ponder every morsel of wisdom from you, I attentively watch how you’ve done it. I relish everything you’ve told me of life, I won’t forget a word of it. (Ps 119:15-16 MSG)
But it is the spirit in man, the breath of the Almighty, that makes him understand. (Job 32:8 ESV)
Ask the Lord God to make you aware of the breath of the Almighty in you. Believe him when he says his breath makes you understand. Desire his breath. Seek his breath. That you might be made perfect as the Lord your God is perfect.
There is a way that seems right to us, but does it hold up under the Lord God’s examination? Open your heart for the Lord God to examine it and reveal what’s there. Is he asking you, “Do you do well to be…? Why…?”
Jonah 4:4 – And the Lord said [to Jonah], “Do you do well to be angry?” (ESV)
Gen 4:4-7 – And the Lord had regard for Abel and his offering, but for Cain and his offering he had no regard. So Cain was very angry, and his face fell. The Lord said to Cain, “Why are you angry, and why has your face fallen? If you do well, will you not be accepted? And if you do not do well, sin is crouching at the door. Its desire is for you, but you must rule over it.” (ESV)
How do we rule over sin?
Read the following scripture text and note what word or words catch your attention. What questions immediately come to mind? What emotions, desires, fears… surface?
Rom 12:12 – Rejoice in your hope, be patient in your troubles, and continue steadfastly in prayer. (CJB)
Ask the Lord God to teach you how to participate with him in making his words become reality in your inner being so they spill out into your external life to imitate him.
2 Peter 3:18 – But grow in the grace and knowledge of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. To him be the glory both now and to the day of eternity. Amen. (ESV)
Resources/For deeper study:
1Displeased: OT:7489 <START HEBREW>uu^r*<END HEBREW> ra`a` (raw-ah’); a primitive root; properly, to spoil (literally, by breaking to pieces); figuratively, to make (or be) good for nothing, i.e. bad (physically, socially or morally): (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)
OT:7451 <START HEBREW>ur^<END HEBREW> ra` (rah); from OT:7489; bad or (as noun) evil (natural or moral): (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)
2Do well: OT:3190 <START HEBREW>bf^y*<END HEBREW> yatab (yaw-tab’); a primitive root; to be (causative) make well, literally (sound, beautiful) or figuratively (happy, successful, right): (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)
3(from Nelson’s Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Copyright © 1986, Thomas Nelson Publishers)
4Jonah: [JOE nuh] (a dove) – the prophet who was first swallowed by a great fish before he obeyed God’s command to preach repentance to the Assyrian city of Nineveh. Jonah was not always a reluctant spokesman for the Lord. He is apparently the same prophet who predicted the remarkable expansion of Israel’s territory during the reign of Jeroboam II (ruled about 793 B.C. – 753 B.C.; 2 Kings 14:25). This passage indicates that Jonah, the son of Amittai, was from Gath Hepher, a town in Zebulun in the northern kingdom of Israel. (from Nelson’s Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Copyright © 1986, Thomas Nelson Publishers)
5Appointed: OT:4487 <START HEBREW>hn*m* <END HEBREW> manah (maw-naw’); a primitive root; properly, to weigh out; by implication, to allot or constitute officially; also to enumerate or enroll: KJV – appoint, count, number, prepare, set, tell. (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)
6Pity: OT:2347 <START HEBREW>sWj<END HEBREW> chuwc (khoos); a primitive root; properly, to cover, i.e. (figuratively) to compassionate: (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)
7Do not know/cannot discern: OT:3045 <START HEBREW>ud^y*<END HEBREW> yada` (yaw-dah’); a primitive root; to know (properly, to ascertain by seeing); used in a great variety of senses, figuratively, literally, euphemistically and inferentially (including observation, care, recognition; and causatively, instruction, designation, punishment, etc.) [as follow]: KJV – acknowledge, acquaintance (-ted with), advise, answer, appoint, assuredly, be aware, [un-] awares, can [-not], certainly, comprehend, consider, could they, cunning, declare, be diligent, (can, cause to) discern, discover, endued with, familiar friend, famous, feel, can have, be [ig-] norant, instruct, kinsfolk, kinsman, (cause to let, make) know, (come to give, have, take) knowledge, have [knowledge], (be, make, make to be, makeself) known, be learned, lie by man, mark, perceive, privy to, prognosticator, regard, have respect, skilful, shew, can (man of) skill, be sure, of a surety, teach, (can) tell, understand, have [understanding], will be, wist, wit, wot. (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)
8Perfect: NT:5046 <START GREEK>te/leio$<END GREEK> teleios (tel’-i-os); from NT:5056; complete (in various applications of labor, growth, mental and moral character, etc.); neuter (as noun, with NT:3588) completeness: KJV – of full age, man, perfect.
NT:5056 <START GREEK>te/lo$<END GREEK> telos (tel’-os); from a primary tello (to set out for a definite point or goal); properly, the point aimed at as a limit, i.e. (by implication) the conclusion of an act or state (termination [literally, figuratively or indefinitely], result [immediate, ultimate or prophetic], purpose); specifically, an impost or levy (as paid): KJV – continual, custom, end (-ing), finally, uttermost. Compare NT:5411. (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)
9They know: NT:1492 <START GREEK>ei&dw<END GREEK> eido (i’-do); a primary verb; used only in certain past tenses, the others being borrowed from the equivalent NT:3700 and NT:3708; properly, to see (literally or figuratively); by implication (in the perf. only) to know: KJV – be aware, behold, can (+not tell), consider, (have) know (-ledge), look (on), perceive, see, be sure, tell, understand, wish, wot. Compare NT:3700.
NT:3700 <START GREEK>o)pta/nomai<END GREEK> optanomai (op-tan’-om-ahee); a (middle voice) prolonged form of the primary (middle voice) optomai (op’-tom-ahee); which is used for it in certain tenses; and both as alternate of NT:3708; to gaze (i.e. with wide-open eyes, as at something remarkable; and thus differing from NT:991, which denotes simply voluntary observation; and from NT:1492, which expresses merely mechanical, passive or casual vision; while NT:2300, and still more emphatically its intensive NT:2334, signifies an earnest but more continued inspection; and NT:4648 a watching from a distance): KJV – appear, look, see, shewself.
NT:3708 <START GREEK>o(ra/w<END GREEK> horao (hor-ah’-o); properly, to stare at [compare NT:3700], i.e. (by implication) to discern clearly (physically or mentally); by extension, to attend to; by Hebraism, to experience; passively, to appear: KJV – behold, perceive, see, take heed. (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)
10Merciful: NT:3629 <START GREEK>oi)kti/rmwn<END GREEK> oiktirmon (oyk-tir’-mone); from NT:3627; compassionate: KJV – merciful, of tender mercy.
NT:3627 <START GREEK>oi)ktei/rw<END GREEK> oikteiro (oyk-ti’-ro); also (in certain tenses) prolonged oiktereo (oyk-ter-eh’-o); from oiktos (pity); to exercise pity: KJV – have compassion on. (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)
11Bless: NT:2129 <START GREEK>eu)logi/a<END GREEK> eulogia (yoo-log-ee’-ah); from the same as NT:2127; fine speaking, i.e. elegance of language; commendation (“eulogy”), i.e. (reverentially) adoration; religiously, benediction; by implication, consecration; by extension benefit or largess: KJV – blessing (a matter of) bounty (X -tifully), fair speech. (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)
NT:2127 <START GREEK>eu)loge/w<END GREEK> eulogeo (yoo-log-eh’-o); from a compound of NT:2095 and NT:3056; to speak well of, i.e. (religiously) to bless (thank or invoke a benediction upon, prosper): KJV – bless, praise. (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)
12Lectio Divina as described by the 12th century Carthusian monk called Guigo. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guigo_II