Find life and obtain favor from the Lord.
Ps 19:14 – Let the sayings of my mouth, And the meditation of my heart, Be for a pleasing thing before Thee, O Jehovah, my rock, and my redeemer! (YLT)
The sayings of my mouth.
Expressions that expose what is in my heart, revealing what I perceive to be truth and wisdom.
The meditation of my heart.
To earnestly, deeply think and to murmur with tenderness, evoking a strong emotional response.
All your breakers and waves have gone over me.
Deep calls to deep at the roar of your waterfalls; all your breakers and your waves have gone over me. (Psalm 42:7 ESV)
Do these words picture your life experience?
As you read, study, meditate and contemplate Jonah’s experience with the deep, consider that it is much more than a simple story of one man’s personal experience. Rather, it is a picture of the profound mystery that every human being will experience in one way or another at one time or another. It is a picture of recovering spiritual truth and rediscovering who we really are, spiritual beings, vessels of mercy through whom the life and power of Christ Jesus himself flows.
John 3:5-6 – Jesus answered, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God. That which is born of the flesh is flesh, and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit. (ESV)
Deep calls to deep.
Note how Jonah described his experience with the deep calling to deep, the process of his falling and rising again:
And the Lord appointed a great fish to swallow up Jonah. And Jonah was in the belly of the fish three days and three nights.
Then Jonah prayed to the Lord his God from the belly of the fish, saying, “I called out to the Lord, out of my distress, and he answered me; out of the belly of Sheol I cried, and you heard my voice. For you cast me into the deep, into the heart of the seas, and the flood surrounded me; all your waves and your billows passed over me. Then I said, ‘I am driven away from your sight; Yet I shall again look upon your holy temple.’
The waters closed in over me to take my life; the deep surrounded me; weeds were wrapped about my head at the roots of the mountains. I went down to the land whose bars closed upon me forever; yet you brought up my life from the pit, O Lord my God. When my life was fainting away, I remembered the Lord, and my prayer came to you, into your holy temple. Those who pay regard to vain idols forsake their hope of steadfast love. But I with the voice of thanksgiving will sacrifice to you; what I have vowed I will pay. Salvation belongs to the Lord!” And the Lord spoke to the fish, and it vomited Jonah out upon the dry land. (Jonah 1:17-2:1-10 ESV)
Jonah said, “You cast me into the deep, into the heart of the seas, and the flood surrounded me; all your waves and your billows passed over me.”
Have you had similar experiences? How did you respond to them? Did you welcome them, clinging to your hope of steadfast love, your source of mercy? Or did you break faith for no reason and pay regard to vain idols, such as your own ego, instead?
Power belongs to God.
Ps 62:11-12 – Once God has spoken; twice have I heard this: that power belongs to God, and that to you, O Lord, belongs steadfast love. For you will render to a man according to his work. (ESV)
Lev 26:17-20 – I will set my face against you, and you shall be struck down before your enemies. Those who hate you shall rule over you, and you shall flee when none pursues you. And if in spite of this you will not listen to me, then I will discipline you again sevenfold for your sins, and I will break the pride of your power… And your strength shall be spent in vain… (ESV)
The way that seems so right to me, the flesh part of me that works so hard to get my way is opposed to God’s thoughts and ways. Until I learned to discern the spirits, to quiet myself to listen to the still small voice of the Spirit of God, other louder voices drowned out the voice of the Spirit of God.
The Lord God relentlessly pursues us.
Why does the Lord God pursue us so relentlessly, to discipline us to break the pride of our power and strength and confidence in ourselves, our own thoughts and ways?
Prov 8:22-36 – “The Lord possessed me [Wisdom] at the beginning of his work, the first of his acts of old. Ages ago I was set up, at the first, before the beginning of the earth. When there were no depths I was brought forth, when there were no springs abounding with water. Before the mountains had been shaped, before the hills, I was brought forth, before he had made the earth with its fields, or the first of the dust of the world. When he established the heavens, I was there; when he drew a circle on the face of the deep, when he made firm the skies above, when he established the fountains of the deep, when he assigned to the sea its limit, so that the waters might not transgress his command, when he marked out the foundations of the earth, then I was beside him, like a master workman, and I was daily his delight, rejoicing before him always, rejoicing in his inhabited world and delighting in the children of man.
“And now, O sons [daughters], listen to me [Wisdom]: blessed are those who keep my ways. Hear instruction and be wise, and do not neglect it. Blessed is the one who listens to me, watching daily at my gates, waiting beside my doors. For whoever finds me finds life and obtains favor from the Lord, but he who fails to find me injures himself [his own soul]; all who hate me love death.” (ESV)
These words of Wisdom describe the remedy for what plagued me the first two-thirds of my life. I injured myself, my soul. I failed to find Wisdom. I had no idea I was supposed to find Wisdom, much less how. It didn’t come naturally to me. I was like Cain.
And she did evil, for she did not set her heart to seek the Lord. (2 Chron 12:14 ESV)
Evil: natural or moral; adversity, affliction, bad, calamity, displeasure, distress, grief, harm, to spoil, to make or be good for nothing.1
I injured myself, my soul.
Have there been times in your life when these words were true of you?
Whoever finds me [Wisdom] finds life and obtains favor from the Lord.
Who is Wisdom? How do we find wisdom?
1 Cor 1:21-25 – For God’s wisdom ordained that the world, using its own wisdom, would not come to know him. Therefore God decided to use the “nonsense” of what we proclaim as his means of saving those who come to trust in it. Precisely because Jews ask for signs and Greeks try to find wisdom, we go on proclaiming a Messiah executed on a stake as a criminal! To Jews this is an obstacle, and to Greeks it is nonsense; but to those who are called [invited, appointed], both Jews and Greeks, this same Messiah is God’s power and God’s wisdom! For God’s “nonsense” is wiser than humanity’s “wisdom.” And God’s “weakness” is stronger than humanity’s “strength.” (CJB)
God’s Wisdom is the Messiah executed on a stake as a criminal. God’s power is the Messiah executed on a stake as a criminal. Do you know God’s wisdom and power? Have you been invited, appointed to know him? Have you set your heart to seek the Lord?
The world, using its own wisdom, cannot come to know him. Those who are called, invited, appointed to trust the proclamation of a Messiah executed on a stake as a criminal are saved from their evil ways and thoughts.
Whoever finds me [Wisdom] finds life and obtains favor from the Lord.
How do we listen to God’s wisdom? How do we distinguish the voice of Wisdom from all other voices that seem to summon us nonstop? How do we hear Wisdom’s instruction? How do we know Wisdom’s ways? How do we come to know the Messiah executed on a stake as a criminal? Where are Wisdom’s gates? Where are Wisdom’s doors? Do you know? Have you set your heart to seek the Lord?
I lift my inner being to you.
David, the psalmist, shepherd and king of Israel knew how to find and listen to God’s Wisdom:
Ps 25:1-5, 12-18 – I lift my inner being to you, Adonai [Jehovah]; I trust you, my God. Don’t let me be disgraced, don’t let my enemies gloat over me. No one waiting for you will be disgraced; disgrace awaits those who break faith for no reason. Make me know your ways, Adonai, teach me your paths. Guide me in your truth, and teach me; for you are the God who saves me, my hope is in you all day long… Who is the person who fears Adonai? He will teach him the way to choose. He will remain prosperous, and his descendants will inherit the land. Adonai relates intimately with those who fear him; he makes them know his covenant.
My eyes are always directed toward Adonai, for he will free my feet from the net. Turn to me, and show me your favor; for I am alone and oppressed. The troubles of my heart are growing and growing; bring me out of my distress. See my affliction and suffering, and take all my sins away. (CJB)
I am alone and oppressed. This realization and acknowledgement is the first step in our recovery of spiritual truth, for it drives us to set our heart to seek the Lord, the One who relates intimately with us.
Jehovah: the self-Existent or Eternal.2
I lift up my inner being to the One who is self-Existent and Eternal.
I trust the One who is self-Existent and Eternal.
I wait for the One who is self-Existent and Eternal.
My eyes are always directed toward the One who is self-Existent and Eternal.
I call out to the One who is self-Existent and Eternal, “Make me know your ways. Teach me your paths. Guide me in your truth.”
For I trust that he, the One who is self-Existent and Eternal, is the God who saves me.
The One who is self-Existent and Eternal relates intimately with those who fear him.
The One who is self-Existent and Eternal makes those who fear him know his covenant.
You are the God who saves me from independence and airlessness; breathless, suffocating oppression.
Do you know the God who saves you? For decades I heard about him but didn’t know him. I didn’t experience intimate relationship with him. My fear of him was not the kind that develops intimacy.
It seems that the secret to seeking and finding and knowing Wisdom is fearing the One who is self-Existent and Eternal. What does it mean to fear him?
Fear: reverent: afraid, fearful.3
Why should we fear him? What must we know about him to be able to fear him with a healthy, proper fear?
Ps 5:7 – But I can enter your house because of your great grace and love; I will bow down toward your holy temple in reverence for you. (CJB)
Fear is the fruit of experiencing the Lord God’s great grace and love.
I can enter your house,
I will bow down toward your holy temple in reverence of you,
Because of your great grace and love.
I can enter your house. Where is the Lord God’s house?
1 Cor 3:16 – Do you not know that you are God’s temple and that God’s Spirit dwells in you?
You and I are not alone! Never alone.
You are God’s temple.
I am God’s temple.
God’s Spirit dwells in you and me.
Do we know? Are we aware? Do we perceive? Do we wait, watch, listen, inquire, and trust the One who dwells in us because of the Lord God’s great grace and love?
I lift my inner being to you, Lord God.
Do you recognize yourself?
Note the contrast between those who revere the Lord God and those who don’t in the following texts. Do you recognize yourself?
Ps 111:10 – The fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom; all those who practice it have a good understanding. His praise endures forever! (ESV)
Prov 1:7 – The fear of the Lord is the beginning of knowledge; fools despise wisdom and instruction. (ESV)
Prov 8:13 – The fear of the Lord is hatred of evil. Pride and arrogance and the way of evil and perverted speech I hate. (ESV)
Prov 14:27 – The fear of the Lord is a fountain of life, that one may turn away from the snares of death. (ESV)
Prov 15:33 – The fear of the Lord is instruction in wisdom, and humility comes before honor. (ESV)
Prov 16:6 – By steadfast love and faithfulness iniquity is atoned for, and by the fear of the Lord one turns away from evil. (ESV)
Prov 19:23 – The fear of the Lord is life indeed; filled with it one rests secure and suffers no harm [is charged with no evil]. (NRSV)
The fear of the Lord is life indeed.
Whoever is filled with the fear of the Lord rests secure, charged with no evil, no wrongdoing.
Are you familiar with this security? Do you look for it in your external circumstances, or in your flesh, or in your inner being?
As the hour of Jesus’ crucifixion approached, he said to his disciples:
John 16:32-33 – Behold, the hour is coming, indeed it has come, when you will be scattered, each to his own home, and will leave me alone. Yet I am not alone, for the Father is with me. I have said these things to you, that in me you may have peace. In the world you will have tribulation. But take heart; I have overcome the world.” (ESV)
For decades, I made the mistake of looking for security in the world, in my circumstances, in my body, through my experiences and accomplishments. I didn’t know about my inner being.
Whoever finds me [Wisdom/Messiah] finds life and obtains favor from the Lord, but he who fails to find me injures himself [his own soul]; all who hate me love death.
Find: to come forth, appear, exist. Figuratively, to occur, meet or be present.4
I am God’s temple.
God’s Spirit dwells in me.
My inner being.
Come forth and let me know you.
Let me experience meeting you.
Teach me to be present to you.
I lift my inner being to you, Lord God.
…God’s Spirit and our spirits in open communion (1 Cor 2:14 MSG)
How this discovery transformed my life! I didn’t need to work to make myself righteous and acceptable to God! I simply needed to meet him, to be present to him, to experience God’s Spirit and my spirit in open communion, because of his great grace and love.
Wisdom cries out:
Hear instruction. Do not neglect it. Listen. Watch daily at my gates. Wait beside my doors. And become familiar with a different voice than the old, familiar round of words, thoughts, emotions and desires that run nonstop through your mind and all around you through other people and media.
As you read the following texts listen carefully for which words or thoughts catch your attention.
Isa 55:8-11 – For my thoughts are not your thoughts, neither are your ways my ways, declares the Lord. For as the heavens are higher than the earth, so are my ways higher than your ways and my thoughts than your thoughts. “For as the rain and the snow come down from heaven and do not return there but water the earth, making it bring forth and sprout, giving seed to the sower and bread to the eater, so shall my word be that goes out from my mouth; it shall not return to me empty, but it shall accomplish that which I purpose, and shall succeed in the thing for which I sent it. (ESV)
Ps 27:4 – One thing have I asked of the Lord, that will I seek after: that I may dwell in the house of the Lord all the days of my life, to gaze upon the beauty of the Lord and to inquire in his temple. (ESV)
Luke 10:39-42 – And she had a sister called Mary, who sat at the Lord’s feet and listened to his teaching. But Martha was distracted with much serving. And she went up to him and said, “Lord, do you not care that my sister has left me to serve alone? Tell her then to help me.” But the Lord answered her, “Martha, Martha, you are anxious and troubled about many things, but one thing is necessary. Mary has chosen the good portion, which will not be taken away from her.” (ESV)
Acts 2:42 – And they devoted themselves to the apostles’ teaching and fellowship, to the breaking of bread and the prayers. (ESV)
Acts 17:11 – Now these Jews were more noble than those in Thessalonica; they received the word with all eagerness, examining the Scriptures daily to see if these things were so. (ESV)
Ask the Lord God why he spoke to you through the particular words that stirred you and how he wants you to respond to him to sharpen your listening skills to receive his great grace and love.
Here I am!
God has built into our lives daily opportunities to fall and rise, to die and be resurrected, to wander away and return to recover spiritual truth, to discover that we are spiritual beings, called to live from a new place, new thinking, new understanding, a deeper awareness of communion between our spirit and God’s Spirit. Let’s stop resisting, fleeing and hiding from him! Let’s begin to seek for the Lord God as earnestly as he seeks for you and me. Let’s start right where we are, no matter where we’ve wandered to. Hear him calling, “Where are you?”
Deep calls to deep. Lift your inner being to him and answer, “Here I am!”
Jonah confessed, “When my life was fainting away, I remembered the Lord, and my prayer came to you, into your holy temple. Those who pay regard to vain idols forsake their hope of steadfast love, give up their source of mercy. But I with the voice of thanksgiving will sacrifice to you; what I have vowed I will pay. Salvation belongs to the Lord!”
How often the Lord God’s discipline, his taking matters in hand, to demonstrate that power belongs to him, not to us, awakens us to reality.
Jonah said, “I remembered the Lord, and my prayer came to you, into your holy temple.” Into that interior part of his own soul, the deep, where the voice of the Spirit of the Almighty can be heard and understood.
Even from the belly of a fish at the bottom of the sea, Jonah’s prayer came into the Lord’s holy temple, and the Lord heard and responded.
The cry of one who is desperate to return home to their God, to look upon the beauty of his face, will never go unheard or unanswered!
Ps 18:6 – In my distress I called upon the Lord; to my God I cried for help. From his temple he heard my voice, and my cry to him reached his ears. (ESV)
Jonah responded to the Lord, “With the voice of thanksgiving I will sacrifice to you. What I have vowed I will pay.”
With the voice of thanksgiving I will sacrifice to you.
Sacrifice: shedding of blood for forgiveness of sins; a communal meal in which the Lord hosted his people.5
Why do you think Jonah sacrificed to God? What do you think Jonah sacrificed to God? What did he experience as a result of his sacrifice?
What do you think Jonah vowed, promised to do or give to God?
How did Jonah pay his vow?
I will pay: to be safe in mind, body, or estate; figuratively to be, make completed; to be friendly; to reciprocate. Finish, give again, make good, be at peace, perfect, make prosper, restore, reward.6
I can enter your house because of your great grace and love; I will bow down toward your holy temple in reverence for you. By your steadfast love and faithfulness my iniquity is atoned for. In reverence for you, I turn away from evil. I thank you and praise you, Lord God for your great grace and love by which I can enter your presence.
The process of falling and rising again: paying regard to vain idols and forsaking our hope of steadfast love; then in distress, saved by our distress because of the Lord God’s great grace and love.
1 Cor 1:18 – For the message about the execution-stake is nonsense to those in the process of being destroyed, but to us in the process of being saved it is the power of God. (CJB)
In the process. We’re all in the process, all the time, falling and then rising again.
Trust the process. Welcome the process. It is a continual call, invitation, appointment to experience ever deeper intimacy with the Lord God.
Ps 50:23 – The one who offers thanksgiving [adoration, worship] as his sacrifice glorifies me; to one who orders his way rightly I will show the salvation of God!” (ESV)
Orders his way rightly. Listen. Trust. One in Christ Jesus because of his great grace and love.
Ps 51:17 – The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit; a broken and contrite heart, O God, you will not despise. (ESV)
Salvation belongs to the Lord! The process of destroying the vessel of wrath to make known the vessel of mercy.
To burst to bring to the birth.
I have nothing to offer in return for my deliverance from trouble and death but my broken spirit and heart. Broken: to burst, bring to the birth, crush, destroy, quench.7
Paradox. Trust and embrace both of what seem to be contradictory statements and processes. To burst. To bring to the birth.
A contrite heart: to collapse physically or mentally; crushed, afflicted, oppressed; to crumble, humble.8
Salvation: something saved; deliverance; aid, victory, prosperity. To be open, wide or free, to be safe; to free or succor.9
To be open. Wide. Free. Delivered from my own thoughts and ways. Set free to know and experience the Lord God’s thoughts and ways.
I lift up my inner being to you.
Deut 30:6 – And the Lord your God will circumcise your heart and the heart of your offspring, so that you will love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul, that you may live. (ESV)
The natural response to such salvation is thanksgiving, adoration, worship. Nothing less will do!
Lam 3:24-26 – “The Lord is my portion [all I have],” says my soul, “therefore I will hope in him.” The Lord is good to those who wait for him, to the soul who seeks him. It is good that one should wait quietly for the salvation of the Lord. (ESV)
It seems that the Lord God has intentionally built into our life experience opportunities to experience falling and rising, death and resurrection, so that we will recover spiritual truth and discover our true identity. But we have developed coping mechanisms, mostly unconscious thoughts and beliefs that we aren’t even aware of that keep us stuck in ruts of thinking and feeling and behaving that don’t serve us well.
Without even being aware of it, these things are like idols that we devote our lives to, trying to build and define, protect and preserve our lives, seeking our will rather than God’s. And in doing so we give up our source of mercy.
Yet the Lord God does not give up on us! He will not forsake us. It pleases him to make us a people for himself.
Deep calls to deep.
When Cain failed to listen to the Lord God and wandered away from his presence, the Lord God put a mark on Cain. Perhaps as evidence that Cain still belonged to the Lord God even though Cain broke faith with him for no reason. Perhaps the Lord God put a mark on Cain so that when Cain awakened, he would remember and call on God just as Jonah did after he’d been three days and nights in the belly of the fish. Blog 33 – Our Source of Mercy
Mark: a signal, as a flag, beacon, monument, omen, prodigy, evidence, miracle; to come, to assent, consent.10
Ps 130:3-6 – If you, O Lord, should mark iniquities, O Lord, who could stand? But with you there is forgiveness, that you may be feared. I wait for the Lord, my soul waits, and in his word I hope; my soul waits for the Lord more than watchmen for the morning, more than watchmen for the morning. (ESV)
Pay regard to vain idols and forsake our hope of steadfast love, our source of mercy. Or through steadfast love, our source of mercy, find life and obtain favor from the Lord. The Lord is our portion. He is all we have. Lift your inner being to him and wait for the salvation of the Lord!
Interact with the words of Scripture through deep, careful study.
Read the Lord God’s words. Read slowly. Read reflectively. Not just with your mind but with your heart and spirit. Let his words sink in. Ruminate upon his words. Take from them what he wants to give to you.
Meditate. Experience the word of Scripture bodily by moaning, growling, uttering, speaking aloud each word, syllable by syllable. Experience the words of Scripture expressing the longing and desire and hope in the depth of your own soul. Become acquainted with your longing. Anticipate that your soul’s longing will be satisfied, its hunger will be filled with good things, and it will be healed and made complete again. Let the inspired word of God arouse feelings of awe.
Respond by setting your thoughts and emotions aside and let your heart speak to God without words.
Then move beyond logic and reason; move from head to heart to spirit.
Simply rest in God’s words. Listen to God at the deepest level of your inner being. Listen as Love speaks with a still small voice that moves you to silence and an ever-deepening listening in which the Word becomes active and alive in you, gradually transforming you from within.11
2 Cor 13:14 – the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit, [is] with you all! Amen. (YLT)
Contemplate. Sit quietly without thinking, without murmuring. Simply be. Become conscious of your companions. Longing for you. Your longing for them.
Stay in this place of rest and fellowship for as long as you can.
When finished, select just one word or phrase and carry it with you all day, thinking about it, murmuring it, holding it, treasuring it. Let it soak deep into your soul. Tomorrow, meditate on the entire text again. Select the same word or phrase or a different one to carry with you all day, thinking about it, murmuring it, holding it, treasuring it. Do this practice every day. Let God’s Word begin to fill your soul with good things.
I ponder every morsel of wisdom from you, I attentively watch how you’ve done it. I relish everything you’ve told me of life, I won’t forget a word of it. (Ps 119:15-16 MSG)
But it is the spirit in man, the breath of the Almighty, that makes him understand. (Job 32:8 ESV)
The fear of the Lord begins with receiving forgiveness. How often we aren’t even aware that we need forgiveness!
We think we’re rich, and don’t need anything, unaware that we are really wretched, pitiable, poor, blind, and naked. In our ignorance and independence, suffocating from lack of intimacy with the breath of the Almighty, we don’t set our hearts to seek the Lord God. We fail to find him. And we injure ourselves, our soul, our inner being. We don’t know or trust that the Lord God is our portion, he is all we have. He is all we need.
Heb 13:5-6 – Let your conduct [character] be without covetousness [greed for riches]; be content with such things as you have. For He Himself has said, “I will never leave you nor forsake you.” So we may boldly say: “The Lord is my helper; I will not fear. What can man do to me?” (NKJV)
Luke 16:13 – No servant can serve two masters, for either he will hate the one and love the other, or he will be devoted to the one and despise the other. You cannot serve God and money.” (ESV)
Money/mammon: that which is to be trusted; treasure; confidence; avarice.12
In what or who have you placed your confidence and trust? What do you treasure?
Matt 5:6 – “Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they shall be satisfied. (ESV)
Ask the Lord God to reveal what’s in your heart. We can’t find it out for ourselves.
Will you lift up your inner being to seek and to find the Lord God? Will you wait for him? Will you ask him to reveal all the things that you hunger for? Will you ask him to cleanse and detach you from everything that hinders you from being single-mindedly devoted to him?
Because of his great grace and love, you can enter his house, and bow down in reverence. The Lord God relates intimately with those who fear [revere, treasure, trust, have confidence in] him.
Ask the Lord God to plant a yearning for him in your soul, in your inner being.
Note what word the Lord God wants to leave with you today, for you to receive and chew on and be transformed by.
Ps 33:18-22 – Watch this: God’s eye is on those who respect him, the ones who are looking for his love. He’s ready to come to their rescue in bad times; in lean times he keeps body and soul together. We’re depending on God; he’s everything we need. What’s more, our hearts brim with joy since we’ve taken for our own his holy name. Love us, God, with all you’ve got — that’s what we’re depending on. (MSG)
Resources/For deeper study:
1Evil: OT:7451 <START HEBREW>ur^<END HEBREW> ra` (rah); from OT:7489; bad or (as noun) evil (natural or moral): KJV – adversity, affliction, bad, calamity, displease (-ure), distress, evil ([-favouredness], man, thing), exceedingly, great, grief (-vous), harm, heavy, hurt (-ful), ill (favoured), mark, mischief (-vous), misery, naught (-ty), noisome, not please, sad (-ly), sore, sorrow, trouble, vex, wicked (-ly, -ness, one), worse (-st), wretchedness, wrong. [Incl. feminine ra`ah; as adjective or noun.].
OT:7489 <START HEBREW>uu^r*<END HEBREW> ra`a` (raw-ah’); a primitive root; properly, to spoil (literally, by breaking to pieces); figuratively, to make (or be) good for nothing, i.e. bad (physically, socially or morally): KJV – afflict, associate selves [by mistake for OT:7462], break (down, in pieces), displease, (be, bring, do) evil (doer, entreat, man), showself friendly [by mistake for OT:7462], do harm, (do) hurt, (behaveself, deal) ill, indeed, do mischief, punish, still, vex, (do) wicked (doer, -ly), be (deal, do) worse. (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)
2Jehovah: OT:3068 <START HEBREW>ho*hy=<END HEBREW> Yehovah (yeh-ho-vaw’); from OT:1961; (the) self-Existent or Eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God: (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)
3Fear: OT:3373 <START HEBREW>ar@y*<END HEBREW> yare’ (yaw-ray’); from OT:3372; fearing; morally, reverent: KJV – afraid, fear (-ful).
OT:3372 <START HEBREW>ar@y*<END HEBREW> yare’ (yaw-ray’); a primitive root; to fear; morally, to revere; caus. to frighten: KJV – affright, be (make) afraid, dread (-ful), (put in) fear (-ful, -fully, -ing), (be had in) reverence (-end), see, terrible (act, -ness, thing). (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)
4Find: OT:4672 <START HEBREW>ax*m*<END HEBREW> matsa’ (maw-tsaw’); a primitive root; properly, to come forth to, i.e. appear or exist; transitively, to attain, i.e. find or acquire; figuratively, to occur, meet or be present: (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)
5SACRIFICE: zebach OT:2077, “sacrifice.” This root with the meaning “to sacrifice” is represented in other Semitic languages: Akkadian, Ugaritic, Phoenician, Aramaic, and Arabic. Zebach continued to be used in Mishnaic Hebrew, and its use is greatly reduced in modern Hebrew, since there is no temple. The word is used 162 times in the Hebrew Old Testament and in all periods. The first occurrence is in Gen 31:54: “Then Jacob offered sacrifice upon the mount, and called his brethren to eat bread: and they did eat bread, and tarried all night in the mount.”
The basic meaning of zebach is “sacrifice.” When a “sacrifice” had been slaughtered by the priest, he then offered it to God. The purpose was not just to create communion between God and man; rather, the “sacrifice” represented the principle that, without the shedding of blood, there is no forgiveness of sins Lev 17:11; cf. Heb 9:22. In the act of “sacrifice” the faithful Israelite submitted himself to the priest, who, in keeping with the various detailed regulations (see Leviticus), offered the “sacrifice” in accordance with God’s expectations. The “sacrifices” are the Passover “sacrifice” Ex 12:27, “sacrifice” of the peace offering Lev 3:1 ff., “sacrifice” of thanksgiving Lev 7:12, and “sacrifice” of the priest’s offering (qarban; Lev 7:16). The zebach was not like the burnt offering (±olah), which was completely burnt on the altar; and it was unlike the sin offering (chatta°t), where the meat was given to the priest, for most of the meat of the zebach was returned to the person who made the “sacrifice.” The fat was burned on the altar Lev 3:4-5, and the blood was poured out around the altar 3:2. The person who made the zebach had to share the meat with the officiating priest Ex 29:28; Lev 7:31-35; Deut 18:3.
In view of the fact that the people shared in the eating of the zebach, the “sacrifice” became a communal meal in which the Lord hosted His people. Zephaniah’s message of judgment is based on this conception of “sacrifice”: “Hold thy peace at the presence of the Lord God: for the day of the Lord is at hand: for the Lord hath prepared a sacrifice, he hath bid his guests” Zeph 1:7. The Israelite came to the temple with the animal to be sacrificed. It was butchered, boiled, and eaten in the area of the sanctuary 1 Sam 2:13. Apart from the sanctuaries, the Israelites also celebrated God’s goodness together in their native villages. The story of Samuel gives several good illustrations of this custom (cf. 1 Sam 9:13; 16:2-3).
The prophets looked with condemnation on apostate Israel’s “sacrifices”: “To what purpose is the multitude of your sacrifices unto me? saith the Lord: I am full of the burnt offerings of rams, and the fat of fed beasts; and I delight not in the blood of bullocks, or of lambs, or of he goats” Isa 1:11. Hosea spoke about the necessity of Israel’s love for God: “For I desired mercy, and not sacrifice; and the knowledge of God more than burnt offerings” Hos 6:6. Samuel the prophet rebuked Saul with the familiar words: “Hath the Lord as great delight in burnt offerings and sacrifices, as in obeying the voice of the Lord? Behold, to obey is better than sacrifice, and to hearken than the fat of rams” 1 Sam 15:22. David knew the proper response to God when he had sinned: “For thou desirest not sacrifice; else would I give it: thou delightest not in burnt offering. The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit: a broken and a contrite heart, O God, thou wilt not despise” Ps 51:16-17.
The Septuagint gives the following translation: thusia (“sacrifice; offering”). The KJV gives these senses: “sacrifice; offering.”
(from Vine’s Expository Dictionary of Biblical Words, Copyright © 1985, Thomas Nelson Publishers.)
6I will pay: OT:7999 <START HEBREW><l^v*<END HEBREW> shalam (shaw-lam’); a primitive root; to be safe (in mind, body or estate); figuratively, to be (causatively, make) completed; by implication, to be friendly; by extension, to reciprocate (in various applications): KJV – make amends, (make an) end, finish, full, give again, make good, (re-) pay (again), (make) (to) (be at) peace (-able), that is perfect, perform, (make) prosper (-ous), recompense, render, requite, make restitution, restore, reward, surely. (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)
7Broken: OT:7665 <START HEBREW>rb^v*<END HEBREW> shabar (shaw-bar’); a primitive root; to burst (literally or figuratively): KJV – break (down, off, in pieces, up), broken ([-hearted]), bring to the birth, crush, destroy, hurt, quench, quite, tear, view [by mistake for OT:7663]. (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)
8Contrite: OT:1794 <START HEBREW>hk*D*<END HEBREW> dakah (daw-kaw’); a primitive root (compare OT:1790, OT:1792); to collapse (phys. or mentally): KJV – break (sore), contrite, crouch.
OT:1790 <START HEBREW>ED^<END HEBREW> dak (dak); from an unused root (compare OT:1794); crushed, i.e. (fig.) injured: KJV – afflicted, oppressed.
OT:1792 <START HEBREW>ak*D*<END HEBREW> daka’ (daw-kaw’); a primitive root (compare OT:1794); to crumble; transitively, to bruise (literally or figuratively): KJV – beat to pieces, break (in pieces), bruise, contrite, crush, destroy, humble, oppress, smite. (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)
9Salvation: OT:3444 <START HEBREW>hu*Wvy= <END HEBREW> yeshuw`ah (yesh-oo’-aw); feminine passive participle of OT:3467; something saved, i.e. (abstractly) deliverance; hence, aid, victory, prosperity:
OT:3467 <START HEBREW>uv^y*<END HEBREW> yasha` (yaw-shah’); a primitive root; properly, to be open, wide or free, i.e. (by implication) to be safe; causatively, to free or succor: (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)
10Mark: OT:226 <START HEBREW>toa<END HEBREW> ‘owth (oth); probably from OT:225 (in the sense of appearing); a signal (literally or figuratively), as a flag, beacon, monument, omen, prodigy, evidence, etc.: KJV – mark, miracle, (en-) sign, token.
OT:225 <START HEBREW>tWa <END HEBREW> ‘uwth (ooth); a primitive root; properly, to come, i.e. (implied) to assent: KJV – consent. (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)
11Lectio Divina as described by the 12th century Carthusian monk called Guigo. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guigo_II
12Money/Mammon: mamonas (<START GREEK>mamwna=$<END GREEK>, NT:3126), a common Aramaic word for “riches,” akin to a Hebrew word signifying “to be firm, steadfast” (whence “Amen”), hence, “that which is to be trusted”; Gesenius regards it as derived from a Heb. word signifying “treasure” Gen 43:23; it is personified in Matt 6:24; Luke 16:9,11,13. (from Vine’s Expository Dictionary of Biblical Words, Copyright © 1985, Thomas Nelson Publishers.)
NT:3126 <START GREEK>mammwna=$<END GREEK> mamonas (mam-o-nas’) or mammonas (mam-mo-nas’); of Aramaic origin (confidence, i.e. wealth, personified); mammonas, i.e. avarice (deified): (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)