Essential Being

With or together. Much closer than association. Completeness. Union.

Ps 19:14 – Let the sayings of my mouth, And the meditation of my heart, Be for a pleasing thing before Thee, O Jehovah, my rock, and my redeemer! (YLT)

The sayings of my mouth.

Expressions that expose what I perceive to be truth and wisdom.

The meditation of my heart.

To earnestly, deeply think and to murmur with tenderness, evoking a strong emotional response.

My soul.
My soul is cast down. My soul is in turmoil within me. Why?
The oppression of my enemy [hating adversary].

Luke 2:34-35 – and Simeon blessed them, and said unto Mary his mother, ‘Lo, this [one] is set for the falling and rising again of many in Israel, and for a sign spoken against — (and also thine own soul shall a sword pass through) — that the reasonings of many hearts may be revealed.’ (YLT)

Set. To lie outstretched literally or figuratively. To place in a passive or horizontal posture; utterly prostrate.
Set. That the reasonings of many hearts may be revealed.
Revealed. To take the cover off; disclose.

Promise, grace, guaranteed to all his offspring

Rom 4:13-18 – For the promise to Abraham and his offspring that he would be heir of the world did not come through the law but through the righteousness of faith. For if it is the adherents of the law who are to be the heirs, faith is null and the promise is void. For the law brings wrath, but where there is no law there is no transgression.

That is why it depends on faith, in order that the promise may rest on grace and be guaranteed to all his offspring—not only to the adherent of the law but also to the one who shares the faith of Abraham, who is the father of us all, as it is written, “I have made you the father of many nations”—in the presence of the God in whom he believed, who gives life to the dead and calls into existence the things that do not exist. (ESV)

Promise
Heir
Not through law
But through the righteousness of faith.
Accepting God’s word
Believing, trusting God’s Word,
The natural result of receiving God’s word, inhaling it as in breath, eating it as in bread.
Believing, trusting God’s word
Is life, righteousness—which God’s Word, breath and bread, nurtures and produces, flowing eternally
A constant process
Gift
That gives life to the dead
That calls into existence the things that do not exist
Receiving and giving back.
Right relationship with God.
Presence.
Life works.

One seeking righteousness through law may do works that are quite independent of faith. These works are dead works. One seeking righteousness through law may accept the truth of certain statements about God, yet belief may fail to affect one’s conduct. This belief/faith is dead.1

Faith
Trust in the One who makes and fulfills the promise
Trust in the One who gives life to the dead
Trust in the One who calls into existence the things that do not exist.
Place your confidence in the One who is faithful to his promise.
The promise rests on grace
Grace
No law
No transgression.
Grace
Guaranteed to all his offspring.
Accept God’s Word.
Receive God’s Word. Breathe it. Eat it.

Grace.
Believe it. Trust it. Know it. Experience it.
Life.
Word.
Grace.
Gift.
Purpose.
Life.
Works.

Inheritance, predestined

Eph 1:11 – In him [Christ] we have obtained an inheritance, having been predestined according to the purpose of him who works all things according to the counsel of his will (ESV)

In Christ
We have obtained an inheritance
Having been predestined
According to the purpose of him who works all things according to the counsel of his will

Rom 9:8 – …it is not the children of the flesh who are the children of God, but the children of the promise are counted as offspring. (ESV)

It is not the children of the flesh who are the children of God
It is the children of the promise who are counted as offspring

Have you discovered who you are in Christ, child of promise, offspring of God?
Or are acquainted with only the child of flesh?

Gal 3:26-29 – For in union with the Messiah, you are all children of God through this trusting faithfulness; because as many of you as were immersed into the Messiah have clothed yourselves with the Messiah, in whom there is neither Jew nor Gentile, neither slave nor freeman, neither male nor female; for in union with the Messiah Yeshua, you are all one. Also, if you belong to the Messiah, you are seed of Abraham and heirs according to the promise. (CJB)

In union with the Messiah
You are all children of God through this trusting faithfulness
This constant process of receiving and giving back
Right relationship with God
Immersed into the Messiah
Immersed. To overwhelm, cover wholly with a fluid, fully wet, wash.2
Clothed with the Messiah
Clothed. Into. Sinking into a garment.3
In union with the Messiah
You are all one
Heirs according to the promise.
Accepting God’s Word
Believing, trusting God’s Word.

Eph 1:11-12 – It’s in Christ that we find out who we are and what we are living for. Long before we first heard of Christ and got our hopes up, he had his eye on us, had designs on us for glorious living, part of the overall purpose he is working out in everything and everyone. (MSG)

Eph 1:11-12 – In Christ we were chosen to be God’s people, because from the very beginning God had decided this in keeping with his plan. And he is the One who makes everything agree with what he decides and wants. We are the first people who hoped in Christ, and we were chosen so that we would bring praise to God’s glory. (NCV)

In Christ, chosen
You are chosen!
God decided this in keeping with his plan
And he is the one who makes everything agree with what he decides and wants
He chose you and me and everyone!

Do you hope, trust in Christ?
Is there something that gets in the way and hinders you from hoping, trusting in Christ?

Receive him

John 1:11-13 – He [Jesus] came to his own, and his own people did not receive him. But to all who did receive him, who believed in his name, he gave the right to become children of God, who were born, not of blood nor of the will of the flesh nor of the will of man, but of God. (ESV)

John 1:11-13 – He came to his own people, but they didn’t want him. But whoever did want him, who believed he was who he claimed and would do what he said, He made to be their true selves, their child-of-God selves. These are the God-begotten, not blood-begotten, not flesh-begotten, not sex-begotten. (MSG)

Jesus came to his own, those who had everything going for them,
Family, glory, covenants, revelation, worship, promises, the race that produced the Messiah.
But they didn’t want him.

Why didn’t they want him? Why didn’t they receive him?

Luke 19:14 – But his citizens hated him and sent a delegation after him, saying, ‘We do not want this man to reign over us.’ (ESV)

John 3:32-34 – He bears witness to what he has seen and heard, yet no one receives his testimony. Whoever receives his testimony sets his seal to this, that God is true. For he whom God has sent utters the words of God, for he gives the Spirit without measure. (ESV)

Acts 7:51 – “You stiff-necked people, uncircumcised in heart and ears, you always resist the Holy Spirit. As your fathers did, so do you. (ESV)

Do you identify with them?

Uncircumcised, uncut in heart and ears. They didn’t know who or whose they are. They didn’t recognize or acknowledge truth when they heard it. They didn’t want to be subject to the One who had made them and had come to rescue them from themselves, from their false selves, having hardened, unresponsive heart and calloused, plugged up ears.

Opposing states of consciousness

Ordinary human body controlled by what is external, human nature with its frailties and passions.
A body controlled by the Spirit, awakened, roused from sleep, roused from darkness, roused from inactivity, roused from ruins, and awakened from nonexistence.

They didn’t want him.
But whoever did want him, all who did receive him
Receive near; associate with oneself in any familiar or intimate act or relation.4
All who did receive him
The Lord God gave
The right and power to become children of God
Right/power: in the sense of ability; privilege, force, capacity, competency, freedom, delegated influence5
Those who believed in his name
Trust/believe: to assent to evidence or authority; to rely by inward certainty; have confidence; yield.6
Name: authority, character, to know, understand.7

To those who knew his name, understood his authority, relied by inward certainty on his character
He made to be their true selves, their child of God selves, ears and heart cut, opened, receptive.
Born
To regenerate, bring forth, be delivered of, spring8
Not of blood
Born
Not of the will of the flesh
Born
Not of the will of man
But born
To regenerate, bring forth, be delivered of, spring
Of God.
Made to be our true selves.
Our child-of-God selves.

Gal 4:21-31 – Tell me, you who desire to be under the law, do you not listen to the law? For it is written that Abraham had two sons, one by a slave woman and one by a free woman. But the son of the slave was born according to the flesh, while the son of the free woman was born through promise. Now this may be interpreted allegorically: these women are two covenants. One is from Mount Sinai, bearing children for slavery; she is Hagar. Now Hagar is Mount Sinai in Arabia; she corresponds to the present Jerusalem, for she is in slavery with her children. But the Jerusalem above is free, and she is our mother. For it is written, “Rejoice, O barren one who does not bear; break forth and cry aloud, you who are not in labor! For the children of the desolate one will be more than those of the one who has a husband.”

Now you, brothers, like Isaac, are children of promise. But just as at that time he who was born according to the flesh persecuted him who was born according to the Spirit, so also it is now. But what does the Scripture say? “Cast out the slave woman and her son, for the son of the slave woman shall not inherit with the son of the free woman.” So, brothers, we are not children of the slave but of the free woman. (ESV)

Our two selves

Abraham’s two sons represent our two selves, one born of the flesh and the other born of the Spirit.
One born by the slave woman, born according to the flesh, born by human connivance, born according to the limited capabilities of human beings.
The other born by a free woman, born through God’s promise, born though the miracle-working power of God fulfilling his promise.

Just as at that time he who was born according to the flesh persecuted him who was born according to the Spirit’s supernatural power, so it is now.9

My soul is cast down. My soul is in turmoil within me. Why? The oppression of my enemy [hating adversary]. The self that is born by the slave woman, according to the flesh, by human connivance, according to my limited capabilities is my oppressor.

Are you aware that your inner turmoil is the result of the self who was born according to the flesh harassing, oppressing, persecuting the self that is the child of promise, who was born according to the Spirit’s supernatural power, by the will of God?

What does the Scripture say? “Cast out the slave woman and her son, for the son of the slave woman shall not inherit with the son of the free woman.”

Cast out: Drive out, expel, leave, pluck, pull, take, thrust out, send away.10

How do we cast out the son/daughter of the slave woman?

Rom 6:19 – (I am using popular language because your human nature is so weak.) For just as you used to offer your various parts as slaves to impurity and lawlessness, which led to more lawlessness; so now offer your various parts as slaves to righteousness, which leads to being made holy, set apart for God. (CJB)

Titus 3:3-7 – For we ourselves were once foolish, disobedient, led astray, slaves to various passions and pleasures, passing our days in malice and envy, hated by others and hating one another. But when the goodness and loving kindness of God our Savior appeared, he saved us, not because of works done by us in righteousness, but according to his own mercy, by the washing of regeneration and renewal of the Holy Spirit, whom he poured out on us richly through Jesus Christ our Savior, so that being justified by his grace we might become heirs according to the hope of eternal life. (ESV)

Because your human nature is so weak
You once offered/presented your various parts as slaves to impurity and to lawlessness leading to more lawlessness

Slaves: involuntary or voluntary. Subjection or subserviency.11
Ordinary human body controlled by what is external, human nature with its frailties and passions.

So now offer/present your various parts as slaves to righteousness leading to being made holy, set apart for God.

Voluntarily
Become a slave to righteousness
A body controlled by the Spirit, awakened, roused from sleep, darkness, inactivity, ruins, nonexistence
To be made holy
Set apart for God.

Present/yield: to stand beside, near, proximity with; to be at hand, ready, aid, provide, expose to view, display, offer.12

Pause.
Consider.
To whom have you presented your various parts as slaves, consciously or unconsciously, voluntarily or involuntarily?

Will you now consciously, intentionally yield your various parts to God by letting go of your own agenda and opening yourself to the Word of God? Will you deliver over your various parts to God, exposed to view, passive before him? Will you commit to discovering and trusting the purpose and promise of the Lord God to rid you of all pompous pride and to reveal your true, intrinsic, essential being? Spirit. The condition or fact of being the same or exactly alike; sameness; oneness. A body controlled by the Spirit.

Ask the Lord God to give you a picture of you presenting, yielding your various parts; to stand beside him, to be ready, to expose to view, to display, to offer each part of you to him. Close your eyes. See. Listen. Experience.

The promise God gave Abraham
Was based on God’s decision to put everything together for him
Abraham then entered when he believed.
Personal trust.
The fulfillment of God’s promise
Depends entirely on trusting God and his way, relying by inward certainty on his character and authority
And then simply embracing him and what he does.
God’s promise arrives as pure gift.

When

When you believe that God through Jesus Christ has put everything together for you, when you trust that God the Father and Jesus the Messiah are who they say they are, and that they are doing what they say they’re doing for you, then you will enter the promise, you will participate in the promise, you will experience their presence and power.

What hinders you from believing and trusting and yielding to God and Jesus the Messiah?

1 Cor 1:30 – He [God] is the source of your life in Christ Jesus, whom God made our wisdom and our righteousness and [our] sanctification and [our] redemption. (ESV)

We are not children of the slave woman, but of the free woman.

Rom 8:15-17 – For you did not receive the spirit of slavery to fall back into fear, but you have received the Spirit of adoption as sons, by whom we cry, “Abba! Father!” The Spirit himself bears witness with our spirit that we are children of God, and if children, then heirs—heirs of God and fellow heirs with Christ, provided we suffer with him in order that we may also be glorified with him. (ESV)

You have received the Spirit of adoption as children
The Spirit himself
Bears witness with our spirit
With

With

Bears witness with: to testify jointly, corroborate by concurrent evidence. Completeness. Union. With or together, much closer than by association, companionship, beside. To give evidence, bear record, have good report, give testimony.13

We suffer with: we experience pain jointly or of the same kind, specially, persecution; to sympathize. Union. Completeness.14

We may also be glorified with him: to exalt to dignity in company; a co-slave, servitor or ministrant of the same master, human or divine.15

The Spirit himself
Bears witness with our spirit
With
Much closer than by association
Jointly
Concurrent evidence
Converging
Harmonious
Completeness
Union
Bear record
Together

You have received the Spirit of adoption as children
The Spirit himself bears witness with our spirit
That we are children of God
Heirs of God
Fellow heirs with Christ
Provided we suffer with him
With him
Much closer than by association
We experience pain jointly
The same kind of pain
Persecution
To sympathize
Union
Completeness.

That we may also be glorified with him.
With him
Much closer than by association
Exalted to dignity in company with him
A co-slave
Serving the same master.

Essential Being

Identity.
The condition or fact of being the same or exactly alike; sameness; oneness.
Essence. The inward nature; true substance; intrinsic, fundamental nature, essential being.16
Spirit
Fellow heirs with Christ
Experience jointly
Together
In company
Union
Completeness
God’s Spirit with our spirit

The promise God gave Abraham
Was based on God’s decision to put everything together for him
Abraham then entered when he believed.
Personal trust.
The fulfillment of God’s promise
Depends entirely on trusting God and his way, relying by inward certainty on his character and authority
And then simply embracing him
Embracing what he does.
God’s promise arrives as pure gift.
Willing us to receive and embrace him.

Voluntarily
Becoming a slave to righteousness
A body controlled by the Spirit, awakened, roused from sleep, darkness, inactivity, ruins, nonexistence
To be made holy
Set apart for God.
His Spirit and our spirit bearing witness together.
His Spirit and our spirit experiencing pain jointly.
His Spirit and our spirit exalted to dignity in serving the same master together.
Union.
Completeness.

Do you have a regular practice that reminds you that your life consists of much more than your physical body, your mind and intellect, your emotions, your will and effort, your accomplishments and your stuff?

Do you have a regular practice of immersing yourself in the grace and mercy of the Lord God for the washing of regeneration and renewal of the Holy Spirit so that Holy Spirit and your spirit are joined together?

Do you have a regular practice that increases your awareness of what God has put together for you, that is yours when you trust and embrace him and his ways?

Identity.
Essential being.
The condition or fact of being the same or exactly alike; sameness; oneness.
Essence. The inward nature; true substance; intrinsic, fundamental nature, essential being.16
Believe, know and trust his name, authority, and character,
Receive him near; associate with him in familiar, intimate relation and act
Through his Word,
Reading, reflecting, responding, resting
Letting go of your own words and thoughts and emotions,
Listening at the deepest level of your being to the still small voice within
In Silence, Presence,
The living, active Word is revealed in the depths of your soul
Gradually transforming you from within
His Spirit and your spirit and my spirit joined to become one.
The same. Exactly alike. Essential being.
Gloriously displayed in myriad voices and gifts of grace,
Through the righteousness of faith, the faith of the One who is faithful to his Father’s promise
A constant process
Continual gift
Receiving and giving
Life

Interact with the words of Scripture through deep, careful study.

Then move beyond logic and reason; move from head to heart to spirit. Anticipate unifying of body, mind and spirit to mirror and imitate the mind and life of Jesus. A body controlled by the Spirit.

Meditate. Experience the word of Scripture bodily by moaning, growling, uttering, speaking aloud each word, syllable by syllable. Experience the words of Scripture expressing the longing and desire and hope in the depth of your own soul. Become acquainted with your longing. Anticipate that your soul’s longing will be satisfied, its hunger will be filled with good things, and it will be healed and made complete again. Let the inspired word of God arouse feelings of awe.

2 Cor 13:14 – the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit, [is] with you all! Amen. (YLT)

Contemplate. Sit quietly without thinking, without murmuring. Simply be. Become conscious of your companions.

Stay in this place of rest and fellowship for as long as you can.

When finished, select just one word or phrase and carry it with you all day, thinking about it, murmuring it, holding it, treasuring it. Let it soak deep into your soul. Tomorrow meditate on the entire text again. Select the same word or phrase or a different one to carry with you all day, thinking about it, murmuring it, holding it, treasuring it. Do this practice every day. Let God’s Word begin to fill your soul with good things.

I ponder every morsel of wisdom from you, I attentively watch how you’ve done it. I relish everything you’ve told me of life, I won’t forget a word of it. (Ps 119:15-16 MSG)

 

But it is the spirit in man, the breath of the Almighty, that makes him understand. (Job 32:8)

I encourage you to look for ways and practices to help you become aware of Holy Spirit and to relinquish all that you have and all that you are to Holy Spirit’s convicting, enlightening, restorative ministrations.

The Lord God deals with our two selves at the same time.

In describing our born of the flesh self, our ordinary human body controlled by what is external, human nature with its frailties and passions, the Lord God says:

Isa 55:8-9 – For my thoughts are not your thoughts, neither are your ways my ways, declares the Lord. For as the heavens are higher than the earth, so are my ways higher than your ways and my thoughts than your thoughts. (ESV)

In describing our true self, a body controlled by the Spirit, awakened, roused from sleep, roused from darkness, roused from inactivity, roused from ruins, and awakened from nonexistence, the Lord God reveals:

1 Cor 2:11-12 – For who knows a person’s thoughts except the spirit of that person, which is in him? So also no one comprehends the thoughts of God except the Spirit of God. Now we have received not the spirit of the world, but the Spirit who is from God, that we might understand the things freely given us by God. (ESV)

David – shepherd, king, psalmist – received and shared with us the word of God that reveals how we can participate with God in the process of awakening to our true selves.

Ps 46:10 – “Be still, and know that I am God. I will be exalted among the nations, I will be exalted in the earth!” (ESV)

Ps 37:7 – Be still before the Lord and wait patiently for him; fret not yourself over the one who prospers in his way, over the man who carries out evil devices! (ESV)

Be still and know I AM
Be still before I AM and wait patiently for him
Fret not yourself over your false self or the false self of those around you
Fret not yourself over those who stir up inner turmoil, who harass, oppress, and persecute
Cast them out by being still and knowing I AM
Cast them out by being still before I AM and waiting patiently for him

The Lord God says we have received the Spirit who is from God
So wait patiently for her to reveal Christ Jesus and God our Father to you.

I don’t recall the source, but someone once said something like this: It takes nine months to develop and birth new life according to the flesh, so why assume birth according to the Spirit’s supernatural power should be any quicker? Why assume that nothing is happening within you just because you don’t see, hear, feel, experience anything new or different?

Be still. Wait patiently.

There are probably as many ways of being still and waiting patiently before the Lord as there are human beings.

One way that works for me is following Jesus’ example in voluntarily delivering my members over to righteousness. Lie outstretched, as Jesus laid outstretched in the tomb. Place yourself in a passive posture. Wait patiently. Trust that the Lord God will give your members new life. Trust that his thoughts and will and heart and conscience and affections will come to life in you, driving you, guiding you, enlightening you, empowering you. Embrace him and his ways.

In being still and waiting patiently for him
Discover who you are
The condition or fact of being the same or exactly alike; sameness; oneness.
Essence. The inward nature; true substance; intrinsic, fundamental nature, essential being.

Spirit
Fellow heirs with Christ
Experience jointly
Together
In company
Union
Completeness
God’s Spirit with our spirit

Be still.
It’s a paradox.
It’s a state of being. Am. Is. Stay, remain as in was, were.

Be still.
What is the Lord God asking you to cast out so you can know him?

Be still.
What is the Lord God asking you to cease, allow to be destroyed, allow to die, so you can experience Abundant Life?

Be still.
What is the Lord God asking you to abandon and neglect so you can be healed and made whole?

Be still.
What is the Lord God asking you to oppose, renounce, give up so you can find your Life?

Be still.
What is the Lord God asking you to weep over, allowing yourself to become weak and feeble so that you can return to the only One who has Life in himself and is inviting you to experience Life with him?

Together.
Jointly.
Serving the same master together.
Union.
Completeness.
Whole.
Holy.

Be still, consequently
Know

Know, not in the sense of accumulating and agreeing with facts and figures, receiving answers about what to do to get a good life, but know as in relationship. Comprehending the thoughts of God because we have received the Spirit who is from God. Understanding the things freely given us by God because we have received the Spirit who is from God.

Be still.
It’s a process of letting the ordinary human body controlled by what is external go—human nature with its frailties and passions—in order to know a body controlled by the Spirit, awakened, roused from sleep, roused from darkness, roused from inactivity, roused from ruins, awakened from nonexistence.

When you believe that God through Jesus Christ has put everything together for you, when you trust that God the Father and Jesus the Messiah are who they say they are, and that they are doing what they say they’re doing for you, then you will enter the promise, you will participate in the promise, you will experience their presence and power.

Will you yield to the Holy Spirit and be receptive to allowing Christ Jesus, our Messiah-Redeemer to reign over you, bearing witness that God is true?

2 Peter 3:18 – But grow in the grace and knowledge of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. To him be the glory both now and to the day of eternity. Amen. (ESV)
2 Tim 4:22 – The Lord be with your spirit. Grace be with you. (ESV)

*****

Resources/For deeper study:

1Justification: Verb: dikaioo (<START GREEK>dikaio/w <END GREEK>, NT:1344) primarily “to deem to be right,” signifies, in the NT, (a) “to show to be right or righteous”; in the passive voice, to be justified, Matt 11:19; Luke 7:35; Rom 3:4; 1 Tim 3:16; (b) “to declare to be righteous, to pronounce righteous,” (1) by man, concerning God, Luke 7:29 (see Rom 3:4, above); concerning himself, Luke 10:29; 16:15; (2) by God concerning men, who are declared to be righteous before Him on certain conditions laid down by Him.

Ideally the complete fulfillment of the law of God would provide a basis of “justification” in His sight, Rom 2:13. But no such case has occurred in mere human experience, and therefore no one can be “justified” on this ground, Rom 3:9-20; Gal 2:16; 3:10,11; 5:4. From this negative presentation in Rom 3, the apostle proceeds to show that, consistently with God’s own righteous character, and with a view to its manifestation, He is, through Christ, as “a propitiation… by (en, “instrumental”) His blood,” 3:25, RV, “the Justifier of him that hath faith in Jesus” v. 26, “justification” being the legal and formal acquittal from guilt by God as Judge, the pronouncement of the sinner as righteous, who believes on the Lord Jesus Christ. In v. 24, “being justified” is in the present continuous tense, indicating the constant process of “justification” in the succession of those who believe and are “justified.” In 5:1, “being justified” is in the aorist, or point, tense, indicating the definite time at which each person, upon the exercise of faith, was justified. In 8:1, “justification” is presented as “no condemnation.” That “justification” is in view here is confirmed by the preceding chapters and by verse 34. In 3:26, the word rendered “Justifier” is the present participle of the verb, lit., “justifying”; similarly in 8:33 (where the artide is used), “God that justifieth,” is, more lit., “God is the (One) justifying,” with stress upon the word “God.”

“Justification” is primarily and gratuitously by faith, subsequently and evidentially by works. In regard to “justification” by works, the so-called contradiction between James and the apostle Paul is only apparent. There is harmony in the different views of the subject. Paul has in mind Abraham’s attitude toward God, his acceptance of God’s word. This was a matter known only to God. The Romans epistle is occupied with the effect of this Godward attitude, not upon Abraham’s character or actions, but upon the contrast between faith and the lack of it, namely, unbelief, cf. Rom 11:20. James 2:21,22,23,24,25,26 is occupied with the contrast between faith that is real and faith that is false, a faith barren and dead, which is not faith at all.

Again, the two writers have before them different epochs in Abraham’s life — Paul, the event recorded in Gen 15, James, that in Gen 22. Contrast the words “believed” in Gen 15:6 and “obeyed” in 22:18.

Further, the two writers use the words “faith” and “works” in somewhat different senses. With Paul, faith is acceptance of God’s word; with James, it is acceptance of the truth of certain statements about God, v. 19, which may fail to affect one’s conduct. Faith, as dealt with by Paul, results in acceptance with God., i. e., “justification,” and is bound to manifest itself. If not, as James says “Can that faith save him?” v. 14. With Paul, works are dead works, with James they are life works. The works of which Paul speaks could be quite independent of faith: those referred to by James can be wrought only where faith is real, and they will attest its reality.

So with righteousness, or “justification”: Paul is occupied with a right relationship with God, James, with right conduct. Paul testifies that the ungodly can be “justified” by faith, James that only the right-doer is “justified.” See also under RIGHTEOUS, RIGHTEOUSNESS. (from Vine’s Expository Dictionary of Biblical Words, Copyright © 1985, Thomas Nelson Publishers.)

2Immersed/baptized: NT:907 <START GREEK>bapti/zw<END GREEK> baptizo (bap-tid’-zo); from a derivative of NT:911; to immerse, submerge; to make overwhelmed (i.e. fully wet); used only (in the N. T.) of ceremonial ablution, especially (technically) of the ordinance of Christian baptism: KJV – Baptist, baptize, wash.

NT:911 <START GREEK>ba/ptw<END GREEK> bapto (bap’-to); a primary verb; to overwhelm, i.e. cover wholly with a fluid; in the N. T. only in a qualified or specially, sense, i.e. (literally) to moisten (a part of one’s person), or (by implication) to stain (as with dye): KJV – dip.
(Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)

3Have put on: NT:1746 <START GREEK>e)ndu/w<END GREEK> enduo (en-doo’-o); from NT:1722 and NT:1416 (in the sense of sinking into a garment); to invest with clothing (literally or figuratively): (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)

 4Receive: NT:3880 <START GREEK>paralamba/nw <END GREEK> paralambano (par-al-am-ban’-o); from NT:3844 and NT:2983; to receive near, i.e. associate with oneself (in any familiar or intimate act or relation); by analogy, to assume an office; figuratively, to learn: KJV – receive, take (unto, with). (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)

5Power/right: NT:1849 <START GREEK>e)cousi/a <END GREEK> exousia (ex-oo-see’-ah); from NT:1832 (in the sense of ability); privilege, i.e. (subjectively) force, capacity, competency, freedom, or (objectively) mastery (concretely, magistrate, superhuman, potentate, token of control), delegated influence: KJV – authority, jurisdiction, liberty, power, right, strength. (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)

6Trust/faith: NT:4102 <START GREEK>pi/sti$<END GREEK> pistis (pis’-tis); from NT:3982; persuasion, i.e. credence; moral conviction (of religious truth, or the truthfulness of God or a religious teacher), especially reliance upon Christ for salvation; abstractly, constancy in such profession; by extension, the system of religious (Gospel) truth itself: KJV – assurance, belief, believe, faith, fidelity.

NT:3982 <START GREEK>pei/qw<END GREEK> peitho (pi’-tho); a primary verb; to convince (by argument, true or false); by analogy, to pacify or conciliate (by other fair means); reflexively or passively, to assent (to evidence or authority), to rely (by inward certainty): KJV – agree, assure, believe, have confidence, be (wax) confident, make friend, obey, persuade, trust, yield. (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)

7Name: NT:3686 <START GREEK>o&noma<END GREEK> onoma (on’-om-ah); from a presumed derivative of the base of NT:1097 (compare NT:3685); a “name” (literally or figuratively) [authority, character]:

NT:1097 <START GREEK>ginw/skw<END GREEK> ginosko (ghin-oce’-ko); a prolonged form of a primary verb; to “know” (absolutely) in a great variety of applications and with many implications (as follow, with others not thus clearly expressed): KJV – allow, be aware (of), feel, (have) know (-ledge), perceived, be resolved, can speak, be sure, understand. (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)

8Born: NT:1080 <START GREEK>genna/w<END GREEK> gennao (ghen-nah’-o); from a variation of NT:1085; to procreate (properly, of the father, but by extension of the mother); figuratively, to regenerate: KJV – bear, beget, be born, bring forth, conceive, be delivered of, gender, make, spring. (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)

9See Galatians 4:21-31 in English Standard Version, Message, and Complete Jewish Bible.

10Cast out: NT:1544 <START GREEK>e)kba/llw<END GREEK> ekballo (ek-bal’-lo); from NT:1537 and NT:906; to eject (literally or figuratively): KJV – bring forth, cast (forth, out), drive (out), expel, leave, pluck (pull, take, thrust) out, put forth (out), send away (forth, out).

NT:906 <START GREEK>ba/llw<END GREEK> ballo (bal’-lo); a primary verb; to throw (in various applications, more or less violent or intense): KJV – arise, cast (out), dung, lay, lie, pour, put (up), send, strike, throw (down), thrust. Compare NT:4496. (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)

11Slave: NT:1401 <START GREEK>dou=lo$<END GREEK> doulos (doo’-los); from NT:1210; a slave (literal or figurative, involuntary or voluntary; frequently, therefore in a qualified sense of subjection or subserviency):

NT:1210 (in various applications, literally or figuratively): KJV – bind, be in bonds, knit, tie, wind. (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)

12Present/yield: NT:3936 <START GREEK>pari/sthmi<END GREEK> paristemi (par-is’-tay-mee); or prolonged paristano (par-is-tan’-o); from NT:3844 and NT:2476; to stand beside, i.e. (transitively) to exhibit, proffer, (specifically) recommend, (figuratively) substantiate; or (intransitively) to be at hand (or ready), aid: KJV – assist, bring before, command, commend, give presently, present, prove, provide, shew, stand (before, by, here, up, with), yield.

NT:3844<START GREEK>para/<END GREEK> para (par-ah’); a primary preposition; properly, near; i.e. (with genitive case) from beside (literally or figuratively), (with dative case) at (or in) the vicinity of (objectively or subjectively), (with accusative case) to the proximity with (local [especially beyond or opposed to] or causal [on account of]: KJV – above, against, among, at, before, by, contrary to, friend, from, give [such things as they], that [she] had, his, in, more than, nigh unto, (out) of, past, save, side … by, in the sight of, than, [therefore-], with. In compounds it retains the same variety of application.

NT:2476 <START GREEK>i%sthmi<END GREEK> histemi (his’-tay-mee); a prolonged form of a primary stao (stah’-o) (of the same meaning, and used for it in certain tenses); to stand (transitively or intransitively), used in various applications (literally or figuratively): KJV – abide, appoint, bring, continue, covenant, establish, hold up, lay, present, set (up), stanch, stand (by, forth, still, up). Compare NT:5087.

NT:5087 <START GREEK>ti/qhmi<END GREEK> tithemi (tith’-ay-mee); a prolonged form of a primary theo (theh’-o) (which is used only as alternate in certain tenses); to place (in the widest application, literally and figuratively; properly, in a passive or horizontal posture, and thus different from NT:2476, which properly denotes an upright and active position, while NT:2749 is properly reflexive and utterly prostrate): KJV – advise, appoint, bow, commit, conceive, give, kneel down, lay (aside, down, up), make, ordain, purpose, put, set (forth), settle, sink down. (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)

13Bear witness with: NT:4828 – <START GREEK>summarture/w<END GREEK> summartureo (soom-mar-too-reh’-o); from NT:4862 and NT:3140; to testify jointly, i.e. corroborate by (concurrent) evidence: KJV – testify unto, (also) bear witness (with).

NT:4862 <START GREEK>su/n<END GREEK> sun (soon); a primary preposition denoting union; with or together (but much closer than NT:3326 or NT:3844), i.e. by association, companionship, process, resemblance, possession, instrumentality, addition, etc.: KJV – beside, with. In composition it has similar applications, including completeness.

NT:3140 <START GREEK>marture/w<END GREEK> martureo (mar-too-reh’-o); from NT:3144; to be witness, i.e. testify (literally or figuratively): KJV – charge, give [evidence], bear record, have (obtain, of) good (honest) report, be well reported of, testify, give (have) testimony, (be, bear, give, obtain) witness. (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)

14We suffer with: NT:4841 <START GREEK>sumpa/sxw<END GREEK> sumpascho (soom-pas’-kho); from NT:4862 and NT:3958 (including its alternate); to experience pain jointly or of the same kind (specifically, persecution; to “sympathize”): KJV – suffer with.

NT:4862 <START GREEK>su/n<END GREEK> sun (soon); a primary preposition denoting union; with or together (but much closer than NT:3326 or NT:3844), i.e. by association, companionship, process, resemblance, possession, instrumentality, addition, etc.: KJV – beside, with. In composition it has similar applications, including completeness.

NT:3326 <START GREEK>meta/<END GREEK> meta (met-ah’); a primary preposition (often used adverbially); properly, denoting accompaniment; “amid” (local or causal); modified variously according to the case (genitive case association, or accusative case succession) with which it is joined; occupying an intermediate position between NT:575 or NT:1537 and NT:1519 or NT:4314; less intimate than NT:1722 and less close than NT:4862): KJV – after (-ward), that he again, against, among, and, follow, hence, hereafter, in, of, (up-) on, our, and setting, since, (un-) to, together, when, with (+-out). Often used in composition, in substantially the same relations of participation or proximity, and transfer or sequence.

NT:3844 <START GREEK>para/<END GREEK> para (par-ah’); a primary preposition; properly, near; i.e. (with genitive case) from beside (literally or figuratively), (with dative case) at (or in) the vicinity of (objectively or subjectively), (with accusative case) to the proximity with (local [especially beyond or opposed to] or causal [on account of]: KJV – above, against, among, at, before, by, contrary to, friend, from, give [such things as they], that [she] had, his, in, more than, nigh unto, (out) of, past, save, side … by, in the sight of, than, [therefore-], with. In compounds it retains the same variety of application. (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)

15We may also be glorified with him: NT:4888 <START GREEK>sundoca/zw <END GREEK> sundoxazo (soon-dox-ad’-zo); from NT:4862 and NT:1392; to exalt to dignity in company (i.e. similarly) with: KJV – glorify together.

NT:4889 <START GREEK>su/ndoulo$<END GREEK> sundoulos (soon’-doo-los); from NT:4862 and NT:1401; a co-slave, i.e. servitor or ministrant of the same master (human or divine): KJV – fellowservant. (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)

16Embrace: to clasp in the arms, usually as an expression of affection or desire; hug; to accept readily; avail oneself of [to embrace an opportunity]; to take up or adopt, esp. eagerly or seriously [to embrace a new profession]; to encircle; surround; enclose [an isle embraced by the sea]; to include, contain [biology embraces botany and zoology]; to take in mentally; perceive. (Webster’s Dictionary).

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