Perfect Peace

The tongue and two courses of life and two ways of knowing. May the Lord God give us the tongue of those who are taught, discipled diligently and expertly so we will pursue what makes for peace, speaking words that sustain the weary.

Ps 19:14 – Let the sayings of my mouth, And the meditation of my heart, Be for a pleasing thing before Thee, O Jehovah, my rock, and my redeemer! (YLT)

The sayings of my mouth.

Expressions that expose what I perceive to be truth and wisdom.

The meditation of my heart.

To earnestly, deeply think and to murmur with tenderness, evoking a strong emotional response.

My soul is cast down. My soul is in turmoil within me. Why?
The oppression of my enemy [hating adversary]. (Ps 42)

Luke 2:34-35 – and Simeon blessed them, and said unto Mary his mother, ‘Lo, this [one] is set for the falling and rising again of many in Israel, and for a sign spoken against — (and also thine own soul shall a sword pass through) — that the reasonings of many hearts may be revealed.’ (YLT)

This one is set for the falling and rising again of many…
Set. To lie outstretched literally or figuratively. To place in a passive or horizontal posture; utterly prostrate.
Set. That the reasonings of many hearts may be revealed.

What is the relationship between the soul that is in turmoil and the one who is set, the one who is utterly prostrate so that the reasonings of hearts may be revealed?

What are the reasonings of your heart?

Prov 12:18 – There is one whose rash words are like sword thrusts, but the tongue of the wise brings healing. (ESV)

Do you listen to the sayings of your mouth with intention and with discernment to perceive what motivates you to say and feel and think and imagine and do the things that you do?

The Lord God instructed Adam, “but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat of it you shall surely die.” (Gen 2:17 ESV)

Then a foreign tongue entered the garden speaking words that contradicted those spoken by the Lord God.

Gen 3:4-5 – But the serpent said to the woman, “You will not surely die. For God knows that when you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.”

Eat.
You shall surely die.

Eat.
You will not surely die.
You will be like God.

Are you looking for something that you already have but don’t know it?

Are you looking for something that you already have, but like Eve, don’t know that it is already yours so that you are easily lured and snared by deceptive tongues?

What were the sayings of Adam and Eve’s mouth and what was the meditation of their heart before they took and ate the fruit from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil?

We know the sayings of the Lord God’s mouth and the meditation of his heart:

Hos 6:6-7 – For I [Lord God] desire steadfast love and not sacrifice, the knowledge of God rather than burnt offerings. But like Adam they transgressed the covenant; there they dealt faithlessly with me. (ESV)

I, the Lord God, do not desire sacrifice. I do not desire the victim or the act of sacrifice.
I, the Lord God, desire steadfast love.
Do you know the difference between sacrifice and steadfast love?

I, the Lord God, do not desire burnt offerings. I do not desire destruction of life, by fire or other means.
I, the Lord God, desire the knowledge of God, perceptive, mentally alert, sharp, quick, astute minds and hearts that know me.
Do you know the difference between offering sacrifice and perceiving mystery?

The tongue and two courses of life and two ways of knowing

The Lord God said:
They dealt faithlessly with me.
Treacherously.
They failed in devotion to me.
They betrayed trust, faith, allegiance.
They failed to believe in me and my word.
They are disloyal.

In contrast to Adam and Eve and the serpent, the servant of the Lord said:

Isa 50:4-7 – The Lord God has given me the tongue of those who are taught, that I may know how to sustain with a word him who is weary. Morning by morning he awakens; he awakens my ear to hear as those who are taught. The Lord God has opened my ear, and I was not rebellious; I turned not backward. I gave my back to those who strike, and my cheeks to those who pull out the beard; I hid not my face from disgrace and spitting. But the Lord God helps me; therefore I have not been disgraced; therefore I have set my face like a flint, and I know that I shall not be put to shame. (ESV)

Notice the difference between how Eve and Adam and the servant of the Lord responded to the Lord God. A difference in hearing and understanding and knowing and experiencing. A difference in who they relied on for help. A difference in their influence and relationship with each other. A difference in their way of knowing and their course of life.

The Lord’s servant says:
The Lord God has given me
The Lord God has given me the tongue of those who are taught.
Taught: Instructed and discipled diligently, expertly, skillfully. To goad, prod into action, urge.1
Morning by morning
The Lord God awakens my ear to hear as those who are taught.
Awaken: Through the idea of opening the eyes literally or figuratively. To be bare.2
To hear: Intelligently, with attention, obedience.3
The Lord God has opened my ear.

Are you aware of what the Lord God has given you?
Have you experienced the Lord God opening your ear to hear?

Unlike Adam and Eve, the inner heart of the servant of the Lord was not covered and hidden by deceit or corruption of self-interest. The inner heart was not dominated by intense emotions that attract and hold attention. The servant of the Lord was wide open in singleness of devotion to the Lord God, teachable and able to receive instruction and help.

The servant of the Lord God

The Lord Jesus himself said:

John 5:30 – “I can do nothing on my own. As I hear, I judge, and my judgment is just, because I seek not my own will but the will of him who sent me. (ESV)

John 14:10 – Do you not believe that I am in the Father and the Father is in me? The words that I say to you I do not speak on my own authority, but the Father who dwells in me does his works. (ESV)

The Lord’s servant had been discipled diligently, expertly, skillfully:
I can do nothing
On my own.
I don’t seek my own will, but the will of him who sent me.
I do not speak on my own authority.
The Father who dwells in me
The Father does his works.

The enemy, the tongue that spoke rash words, words contrary to those of the Lord God, offered the reward of knowing good and evil if Adam and Eve would eat the fruit of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil.

The tongue of the wise, the Lord God, offered the gift of the knowledge of God himself if they did not eat the fruit of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil.

Knowing good and evil.
Knowing God himself, knowing what God knows, says and does and desires. Knowing God and experiencing being an unrestricted conduit through which the Lord God does his works.

Two very different courses of life,
Provoking radically different sayings of our mouth and meditation of our heart.

2 Cor 11:3 – and I fear, lest, as the serpent did beguile Eve in his subtilty, so your minds may be corrupted from the simplicity that [is] in the Christ; (YLT)

Corrupted minds. Shriveled. Withered. Spoiled. Ruined by moral influences.
Or.
Simplicity of mind. Singleness. Sincerity without pretense, without hiding one’s feelings or motives, without self-seeking. Undivided devotion to the Lord God.

Two courses of life. Two ways of knowing.

He was not deceived, yet he failed in devotion to the Lord God

1 Tim 2:14 – and Adam was not deceived, but the woman was deceived and became a transgressor. (ESV)

How did the Lord God respond to Adam when he went along with Eve, though he was not deceived as she was, yet failed in devotion to the Lord God?

Gen 3:17-19 – And to Adam he [Lord God] said, “Because you have listened to the voice of your wife and have eaten of the tree of which I commanded you, ‘You shall not eat of it,’ cursed is the ground because of you; in pain you shall eat of it all the days of your life; thorns and thistles it shall bring forth for you; and you shall eat the plants of the field. By the sweat of your face you shall eat bread, till you return to the ground, for out of it you were taken; for you are dust, and to dust you shall return.” (ESV)

You have listened to the voice of your wife
You have not listened to my voice
You have dealt faithlessly with me and my word
A treacherous betrayal of trust, faith, allegiance.
You failed in devotion to me.
You failed to believe in me.
You are dust, and to dust you shall return.

The tongue.
Two ways of knowing.
Two courses of life.

From what perspective do you hear, act, and react?

Do we receive the Lord God’s response to Adam as good or bad news? Perhaps it depends on whether we hear it from the perspective of the vessel of wrath or the vessel of mercy; whether we hear it from the perspective of knowing the Lord God himself and what he knows and desires for us or the perspective of knowing good and evil through corrupted minds, attached to and dominated by passions, intense emotions that attract and hold attention, through physical senses, emotions, rational intellect, and imagination.4

James 3:2-10 – For we all stumble in many ways, and if anyone does not stumble in what he says, he is a perfect [complete] man, able also to bridle his whole body. If we put bits into the mouths of horses so that they obey us, we guide their whole bodies as well. Look at the ships also: though they are so large and are driven by strong winds, they are guided by a very small rudder wherever the will of the pilot directs. So also the tongue is a small member, yet it boasts of great things. How great a forest is set ablaze by such a small fire! And the tongue is a fire, a world of unrighteousness. The tongue is set among our members, staining the whole body, setting on fire the entire course of life, and set on fire by [agency, means] hell. For every kind of beast and bird, of reptile and sea creature, can be tamed and has been tamed by mankind, but no human being can tame the tongue. It is a restless evil [intrinsically worthless], full of deadly poison [venom]. With it we bless our Lord and Father, and with it we curse people who are made in the likeness of God. From the same mouth come blessing and cursing. My brothers, these things ought not to be so. (ESV)

The tongue is a fire
Setting on fire the entire course of life.
I, the Lord God, do not desire sacrifice.
I, the Lord God, do not desire burnt offerings.
I, the Lord God, desire steadfast love.
I, the Lord God, desire the knowledge of God.

We all stumble. Trip. Err. Fail. Sin in many ways, in a state dominated by attachments to the senses, emotions, intellect, and imagination.

If anyone does not stumble in what s/he says, thinks, and reasons, s/he is complete, perfect, able also to bridle her whole body.
The tongue is a fire.
The tongue is a world of unrighteousness, injustice; the quality or act of wrongfulness of character or life.
No human being can tame the tongue.
The tongue stains, soils, defects, disgraces the whole body. Setting on fire the entire course of life.
The tongue is set on fire by means of hell. Hell is used figuratively as a name for the place or state of everlasting punishment. Arrogance.5
The tongue is restless, intrinsically worthless, full of deadly poison.
The tongue is a small member, yet it boasts of great things.

Arrogance. Boasting. The course of life driven by duplicity. The course of life based on knowing good and evil through a corrupted mind. Dealing faithlessly with the Lord God. Betraying allegiance to the words of the Lord God and therefore wandering away from truth and life and love and connectedness. Losing one’s inner self and perishing. No human being can tame the tongue. The lying tongue. The boastful tongue. The split tongue. This is the vessel of wrath, driven by self-will and self-pleasing in opposition to love, the essential character of God.

The tongue.
Boasts of great things.
The tongue.
Is a fire.
The tongue.
Is a world of unrighteousness
Setting on fire the entire course of life.
No human being can tame the tongue.

I, the Lord God, do not desire sacrifice.
I, the Lord God, do not desire burnt offerings.
I, the Lord God, desire steadfast love.
I, the Lord God, desire the knowledge of God.

What can we do about the small member that no human being can tame?

So, what can we do about this restless, intrinsically worthless, small member of our body that we can’t tame and that sets on fire the entire course of life?

We discover and experience the answer when we eat and digest the Lord God’s words in meditation and contemplation.

Isa 26:3 – You [Lord God] keep him in perfect peace whose mind is stayed on you, because he trusts in you. (ESV)

We can learn to entrust our tongue, to surrender it to the Lord God, believing his word, being devoted to him alone.

Trust
Be confident
Sure
Secure6
In the Lord God.

The Lord God will keep
The Lord God will guard, protect, maintain, preserve7
The Lord God will keep in perfect peace
The Lord God will keep safe, well, happy, friendly, healthy, favored, at rest, whole8
The one whose mind
The one whose conviction, opinion, purpose, imagination, work9
Is stayed on the Lord God.
The one whose mind is propped up, is leaning upon, has taken hold of10
The Lord God,
He will keep in perfect peace.

You keep him in perfect peace whose mind is stayed on you, because he trusts in you. Because he is confident in you.

The tongue and two courses of life

Either:

Prov 19:27 – Cease to hear instruction, my son, and you will stray from the words of knowledge. (ESV)

Or:

Prov 22:17-18 – Incline your ear, and hear the words of the wise, and apply your heart to my knowledge, for it will be pleasant if you keep them within you, if all of them are ready on your lips. (ESV)

The tongue and two ways of knowing.
There is one whose rash words are like sword thrusts
But the tongue of the wise brings healing.

The words of the wise
Incline your ear, and hear the words of the wise
Apply your heart to my knowledge

Incline your ear

Incline your ear. Bow down your ear. Stretch or spread out, to bend away, including moral deflection.11
Place yourself, your ear, your inner ear in a position to be able to hear.
Incline your ear and hear.
Hear intelligently, with attention, carefully, certainly, diligently, discern, perceive, understand, regard, witness, be obedient.12
Hear the words of the wise.
Intelligent, skillful, artful13

Apply your heart

Apply your heart
Place in order your heart.
Bring, consider, lay up, let alone, set, be stayed, take, regard, make, mark14 your heart
Apply your heart
Your feelings, will, intellect, your center
Care for your heart, consent, heed, regard, understand, willingly, wisdom15

Know

Apply your heart to my knowledge.

To know. To ascertain by seeing. Observation, care, recognition, instruction, designation, punishment; acknowledge, acquaintance, awareness, discern, discover, endued with, have respect, be sure, understand.16

Incline your ear, and hear the words of the wise, and apply your heart to my knowledge…
And you will share the experience of the Lord’s servant.
Morning by morning he awakens
He awakens my ear to hear as those who are taught
The Lord God has opened my ear
And I was not rebellious.
The Lord God has given me the tongue of those who are taught
That I may know how to sustain with a word him who is weary.
The tongue of the wise brings healing.

Rom 14:17-18 – God’s kingdom isn’t a matter of what you put in your stomach, for goodness’ sake. It’s what God does with your life as he sets it right, puts it together, and completes it with joy. Your task is to single-mindedly serve Christ. Do that and you’ll kill two birds with one stone: pleasing the God above you and proving your worth to the people around you. (MSG)</span/>

Your task

God’s kingdom isn’t a matter of what you put in your stomach
God’s kingdom isn’t a matter of what you do with your life
God’s kingdom is what God does with your life
As he sets it right
As he puts it together
As he completes it with joy.
Your task
Your task is to single-mindedly
Single-mindedly serve Christ.
Single-mindedly be subject to Christ.
Single-mindedly, voluntarily be enslaved to Christ.
Then you will please God
And prove your worth to people around you.

Pursue

Rom 14:19 – So then let us pursue what makes for peace and for mutual upbuilding. (ESV)

So then let us pursue.
Let us follow after. Persecute. Given to suffer. Press forward.17
So then let us pursue what makes for peace.
Peace. To join. Prosperity. One. Quietness. Rest. Set at one again.18
So then let us pursue what makes for mutual upbuilding.

It seems that we can expect to suffer in the pursuit of peace as we let go our perceived right to pursue our own self-interest, as we disown all the idols that gave false hope of providing what we think we want and need. Pursue what makes for peace. This is our call and invitation: be willing to suffer and never stop pressing forward in the pursuit of what makes for being set at one again and for mutual upbuilding.

How different our world and our lives would look if this was constantly and consistently my goal, your goal, everyone’s goal! And how pleasantly surprised we would be to discover that this is the very thing that begins to satisfy our soul’s longing and to fill its hunger with good things.

Interact with the words of Scripture through deep, careful study.

Then move beyond logic and reason; move from head to heart to spirit. Anticipate unifying of body, mind and spirit to mirror and imitate the mind and life of Jesus.

Meditate. Experience the word of Scripture bodily by moaning, growling, uttering, speaking aloud each word, syllable by syllable. Experience the words of Scripture expressing the longing and desire and hope in the depth of your own soul. Become acquainted with your longing. Anticipate that your soul’s longing will be satisfied, its hunger will be filled with good things, and it will be healed and made complete again. Let the inspired word of God arouse feelings of awe.

2 Cor 13:14 – the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit, [is] with you all! Amen. (YLT)

Contemplate. Sit quietly without thinking, without murmuring. Simply be. Become conscious of your companions.

Stay in this place of rest and fellowship for as long as you can.

When finished, select just one word or phrase and carry it with you all day, thinking about it, murmuring it, holding it, treasuring it. Let it soak deep into your soul. Tomorrow, meditate on the entire text again. Select the same word or phrase or a different one to carry with you all day, thinking about it, murmuring it, holding it, treasuring it. Do this practice every day. Let God’s Word begin to fill your soul with good things.

I ponder every morsel of wisdom from you, I attentively watch how you’ve done it. I relish everything you’ve told me of life, I won’t forget a word of it. (Ps 119:15-16 MSG)

 

But it is the spirit in man, the breath of the Almighty, that makes him understand. (Job 32:8)

I encourage you to look for ways and practices to help you become aware of Holy Spirit and to relinquish all that you have and all that you are to Holy Spirit’s convicting, enlightening, restorative ministrations.

A practice that has been life-changing for me comes from Psalm 46:10.

Ps 46:10 – “Be still, and know that I am God. I will be exalted among the nations, I will be exalted in the earth!” (ESV)

Be still.
It’s a paradox.
Be still. A state of being. Am. Is. Stay, remain as in was, were.
It’s a process of letting go in order to rediscover Life that was forfeited.
It’s a process of ceasing, stopping, to be destroyed, and dying in order to be redeemed.
It’s a process of abandoning and neglecting in order to be healed and made whole.

It’s a process of opposing, contending, and striving in order to give up, renounce, leave, and abandon self-interest that is death, forfeiture of Life.

It’s a process of becoming weak, feeble, to be wept over in order to return to the original Life that was forfeited, but is bought back by the only One who has Life in himself.

Be still, consequently
Know

Know, not in the sense of accumulating facts and figures, receiving answers about what to do to get a good life, but know as in relationship. Know as in Being. Awareness, consciousness, discernment, recognition, acquaintance, familiar friend, feel, perceive, have respect, have understanding, instruction, presence, fellowship.

Be still.

Letting the vessel of wrath prepared for destruction go in order to know the riches of God’s glory for vessels of mercy.

2 Peter 3:18 – But grow in the grace and knowledge of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. To him be the glory both now and to the day of eternity. Amen. (ESV)

*****

Resources/For deeper study:

1Taught/learned: OT:3928 <START HEBREW>dWMl!<END HEBREW> limmuwd (lim-mood’); or limmud (lim-mood’); from OT:3925; instructed: -accustomed, disciple, learned, taught, used.

OT:3925 <START HEBREW>dm^l*<END HEBREW> lamad (law-mad’); a primitive root; properly, to goad, i.e. (by implication) to teach (the rod being an Oriental incentive): [un-] accustomed, diligently, expert, instruct, learn, skilful, teach (-er, -ing). (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)

2Awakens: OT:5782 <START HEBREW>rWu<END HEBREW> `uwr (oor); a primitive root [rather identical with OT:5783 through the idea of opening the eyes]; to wake (literally or figuratively):

OT:5783 <START HEBREW>rWu<END HEBREW> `uwr (oor); a primitive root; to (be) bare: (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)

3To hear: OT:8085 <START HEBREW>um^v*<END HEBREW> shama` (shaw-mah’); a primitive root; to hear intelligently (often with implication of attention, obedience, etc.; causatively, to tell, etc.): (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)

4Hesychasts describe two types of consciousness: ego-centered and ego-transcendent. The former is a state dominated by attachments to the senses, emotions, intellect, and imagination. The latter involves detachment from those faculties. Originally printed in the March-April 2000 issue of Quest magazine. Citation: Mitchell B., Liester. “Hesychasm: A Christian Path of Transcendence.” Quest 89.2 MARCH-APRIL 2000): 54-59, 65.

5Hell: NT:1067 <START GREEK>ge/enna<END GREEK> geena (gheh’-en-nah); of Hebrew origin [OT:1516 and OT:2011]; valley of (the son of) Hinnom; ge-henna (or Ge-Hinnom), a valley of Jerusalem, used (figuratively) as a name for the place (or state) of everlasting punishment:

OT:1516 <START HEBREW>ay=G^<END HEBREW> gay’ (gah’-ee); or (shortened) gay (gah’-ee); probably (by transmutation) from the same root as OT:1466 (abbreviated); a gorge (from its lofty sides; hence, narrow, but not a gully or winter-torrent):

OT:1466 <START HEBREW>hw*G@<END HEBREW> gevah (gay-vaw’); the same as OT:1465; exaltation; (figuratively) arrogance:

OT:2011 <START HEBREW><N)h! <END HEBREW> Hinnom (hin-nome’); probably of foreign origin; Hinnom, apparently a Jebusite: (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)

6Trust: OT:982 <START HEBREW>jf^B*<END HEBREW> batach (baw-takh’); a primitive root; properly, to hie for refuge [but not so precipitately as OT:2620]; figuratively, to trust, be confident or sure: KJV – be bold (confident, secure, sure), careless (one, woman), put confidence, (make to) hope, (put, make to) trust.

OT:2620 <START HEBREW>hs*j*<END HEBREW> chacah (khaw-saw’); a primitive root; to flee for protection [compare OT:982]; figuratively, to confide in: KJV – have hope, make refuge, (put) trust. (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)

7Thou wilt keep him: OT:5341OT:5341 <START HEBREW>rx^n*<END HEBREW> natsar (naw-tsar’); a primitive root; to guard, in a good sense (to protect, maintain, obey, etc.) or a bad one (to conceal, etc.): KJV – besieged, hidden thing, keep (-er, -ing), monument, observe, preserve (-r), subtil, watcher (-man). (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)

8Perfect peace: OT:7965 <START HEBREW><olv*<END HEBREW> shalowm (shaw-lome’); or shalom (shaw-lome’); from OT:7999; safe, i.e. (figuratively) well, happy, friendly; also (abstractly) welfare, i.e. health, prosperity, peace: KJV – do, familiar, fare, favour, friend, great, (good) health, (X perfect, such as be at) peace (-able, -ably), prosper (-ity, -ous), rest, safe (-ty), salute, welfare, (X all is, be) well, wholly. (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)

9Mind: OT:3336 <START HEBREW>rx#y@<END HEBREW> yetser (yay’-tser); from OT:3335; a form; figuratively, conception (i.e. purpose): KJV – frame, thing framed, imagination, mind, work.

OT:3335 <START HEBREW>rx^y*<END HEBREW> yatsar (yaw-tsar’); probably identical with OT:3334 (through the squeezing into shape); ([compare OT:3331]); to mould into a form; especially as a potter; figuratively, to determine (i.e. form a resolution): KJV – earthen, fashion, form, frame, make (-r), potter, purpose. (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)

10Stayed: OT:5564 <START HEBREW>Em^s*<END HEBREW> camak (saw-mak’); a primitive root; to prop (literally or figuratively); reflexively, to lean upon or take hold of (in a favorable or unfavorable sense): KJV – bear up, establish, (up-) hold, lay, lean, lie hard, put, restself, setself, stand fast, stay (self), sustain. (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)

11Incline/bow down: OT:5186 <START HEBREW>hf*n*<END HEBREW> natah (naw-taw’); a primitive root; to stretch or spread out; by implication, to bend away (including moral deflection); used in a great variety of application (as follows): KJV – afternoon, apply, bow (down, -ing), carry aside, decline, deliver, extend, go down, be gone, incline, intend, lay, let down, offer, outstretched, overthrown, pervert, pitch, prolong, put away, shew, spread (out), stretch (forth, out), take (aside), turn (aside, away), wrest, cause to yield. (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)

12Hear: OT:8085 <START HEBREW>um^v*<END HEBREW> shama` (shaw-mah’); a primitive root; to hear intelligently (often with implication of attention, obedience, etc.; causatively, to tell, etc.): KJV – attentively, call (gather) together, carefully, certainly, consent, consider, be content, declare, diligently, discern, give ear, (cause to, let, make to) hear (-ken, tell), indeed, listen, make (a) noise, (be) obedient, obey, perceive, (make a) proclaim (-ation), publish, regard, report, shew (forth), (make a) sound, surely, tell, understand, whosoever [heareth], witness. (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)

13Wise: OT:2450 <START HEBREW><k*j*<END HEBREW> chakam (khaw-kawm’); from OT:2449; wise, (i.e. intelligent, skilful or artful): (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)

14Apply: OT:7896 <START HEBREW>tyv!<END HEBREW> shiyth (sheeth); a primitive root; to place (in a very wide application): KJV – apply, appoint, array, bring, consider, lay (up), let alone, look, make, mark, put (on), regard, set, shew, be stayed, take. (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)

15Heart: OT:3820 <START HEBREW>bl@<END HEBREW> leb (labe); a form of OT:3824; the heart; also used (figuratively) very widely for the feelings, the will and even the intellect; likewise for the centre of anything: KJV – care for, comfortably, consent, considered, courag [-eous], friend [-ly], ([broken-], [hard-], [merry-], [stiff-], [stout-], double) heart ([-ed]), heed, I, kindly, midst, mind (-ed), regard ([-ed)], themselves, unawares, understanding, well, willingly, wisdom. (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)

16Knowledge: OT:1847 <START HEBREW>tu^D^<END HEBREW> da`ath (dah’-ath); from OT:3045; knowledge: KJV – cunning, [ig-] norantly, know (-ledge), [un-] awares (wittingly). (

OT:3045 <START HEBREW>ud^y*<END HEBREW> yada` (yaw-dah’); a primitive root; to know (properly, to ascertain by seeing); used in a great variety of senses, figuratively, literally, euphemistically and inferentially (including observation, care, recognition; and causatively, instruction, designation, punishment, etc.) [as follow]: KJV – acknowledge, acquaintance (-ted with), advise, answer, appoint, assuredly, be aware, [un-] awares, can [-not], certainly, comprehend, consider, could they, cunning, declare, be diligent, (can, cause to) discern, discover, endued with, familiar friend, famous, feel, can have, be [ig-] norant, instruct, kinsfolk, kinsman, (cause to let, make) know, (come to give, have, take) knowledge, have [knowledge], (be, make, make to be, makeself) known, be learned, lie by man, mark, perceive, privy to, prognosticator, regard, have respect, skilful, shew, can (man of) skill, be sure, of a surety, teach, (can) tell, understand, have [understanding], will be, wist, wit, wot. (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)

17Pursue/follow after: NT:1377 <START GREEK>diw/kw<END GREEK> dioko (dee-o’-ko); a prolonged (and causative) form of a primary verb dio (to flee; compare the base of NT:1169 and NT:1249); to pursue (literally or figuratively); by implication, to persecute: KJV – ensue, follow (after), given to, (suffer) persecute (-ion), press forward. (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)

18Peace: NT:1515 <START GREEK>ei)rh/nh<END GREEK> eirene (i-ray’-nay); probably from a primary verb eiro (to join); peace (literally or figuratively); by implication, prosperity: KJV – one, peace, quietness, rest, set at one again. (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)

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