Chosen Before the Foundation of the World

Being holy and blameless before the Lord God is the result of his continuous action, his moment by moment persistence in bringing about our reunion with him and our reliance upon him and his work.

“Ps 19:14 – Let the sayings of my mouth, And the meditation of my heart, Be for a pleasing thing before Thee, O Jehovah, my rock, and my redeemer! (YLT)

The sayings of my mouth.

Expressions that expose what I perceive to be truth and wisdom.

The meditation of my heart.

To earnestly, deeply think and to murmur with tenderness, evoking a strong emotional response.

My soul is cast down. My soul is in turmoil within me. Why?
The oppression of my enemy [hating adversary]. (Ps 42)

Luke 2:34-35 – and Simeon blessed them, and said unto Mary his mother, ‘Lo, this [one] is set for the falling and rising again of many in Israel, and for a sign spoken against — (and also thine own soul shall a sword pass through) — that the reasonings of many hearts may be revealed.’ (YLT)

This one [Christ the Messiah, the Anointed One] is set.
Set. To lie outstretched literally or figuratively. To place in a passive or horizontal posture; utterly prostrate.

This one is set for the falling and rising again of many
That the reasonings of many hearts may be revealed. To take the cover off; disclose.

What is our falling and rising again? What are the reasonings of our hearts that are being revealed?

Ps 51:1-6 – God, in your grace, have mercy on me; in your great compassion, blot out my crimes. Wash me completely from my guilt, and cleanse me from my sin. For I know my crimes, my sin confronts me all the time. Against you, you only, have I sinned and done what is evil from your perspective; so that you are right in accusing me and justified in passing sentence. True, I was born guilty, was a sinner from the moment my mother conceived me. Still, you want truth in the inner person; so make me know wisdom in my inmost heart. (CJB)

David understood who he was. He also understood who he really is. So he prayed, “Still you, Lord God, want truth in the inner person. So, make me know wisdom in my inmost heart.”

How does God answer this prayer of David’s and yours and mine?

Heb 2:10 – For it was fitting that he, for whom and by whom all things exist, in bringing many sons to glory, should make the founder of their salvation perfect through suffering. (ESV)

Founder: Leader, chief in various applications of order, time, place, or rank; to lead; to bring, drive, go, induce.1

Salvation: rescue or safety physically or morally; a deliverer.2
It was fitting that he…should make the founder of their salvation perfect through suffering.

Perfect. To complete in various applications of labor, growth, mental and moral character; accomplish, or figuratively, consummate in character, finish.3

Made in the image of God
After his likeness.
Yet made complete, accomplished, consummated in character through suffering.

Make perfect through suffering: To experience a sensation or impression, usually painful. Hardship, pain, an emotion or influence, passion, strong desire or appetite.4

Made perfect through suffering

As the founder of our salvation, so also, we vessels, we recipients of his mercy:

Phil 2:4-11 – Let each of you look not only to his own interests, but also to the interests of others. Have this mind among yourselves, which is yours in Christ Jesus, who, though he was in the form of God, did not count equality with God a thing to be grasped, but made himself nothing, taking the form of a servant, being born in the likeness of men. And being found in human form, he humbled himself by becoming obedient to the point of death, even death on a cross. Therefore God has highly exalted him and bestowed on him the name that is above every name, so that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, in heaven and on earth and under the earth, and every tongue confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father. (ESV)

Have this mind among yourselves
Which is yours
In Christ Jesus

In. Fixed position in place, time or state and instrumentality, medially or constructively, i.e. a relation of rest, in between the point reached and the origin where action or motion proceeds.5

He did not count equality with God a thing to be grasped
He made himself nothing
Taking the form of a servant
He became obedient to the point of death
Therefore
God has highly exalted him.

Become completely, wholesomely human

The Lord Jesus Christ, the Messiah demonstrated for us how to become completely, wholesomely human! Dying to the understanding that we are fallen, sinful, separate, mortal, and being reborn by the understanding that we are really sinless and in immortal union with God and with each other. We are human and divine, one, complete, whole.

How does the Lord God restore our minds to the same simple and pure devotion to the Lord God that is in Christ?

Set. To lie outstretched literally or figuratively. To place in a passive or horizontal posture; utterly prostrate.
That the reasonings of many hearts may be revealed.

Eph 1:3-10 – Blessed [adored, thanked] be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us [spoken well of us] in Christ with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly places, even as he chose us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and blameless before him. In love he predestined us for adoption through [the channel of an act] Jesus Christ, according to the purpose of his will, to the praise of his glorious grace, with which he has blessed us in the Beloved. In him we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of our trespasses, according to the riches of his grace, which he lavished upon us, in all wisdom and insight  making known to us the mystery of his will, according to his purpose, which he set forth in Christ as a plan for the fullness of time, to unite all things in him, things in heaven and things on earth. (ESV)

Adored and thanked be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ!
He has [past tense]
Blessed us in Christ with every spiritual blessing
In the heavenly places
Even as
He chose us in him
He chose us in him before the foundation of the world
That we should be holy and blameless before him
That we should be, we are, in this present moment, holy and blameless before him!
Vessels of mercy.

“Should be” in this text is a fascinating verb. It isn’t saying “should” as in obligation, duty, propriety, desirability, expectation, or a future condition. Rather, it is a form of “to be” or “I am.” It is stating that this is reality in the present moment. We are holy and blameless before him.

Should be: the first person singular present indicative; a prolonged form of a primary and defective verb; I exist, I am. The present tense usually denotes continuous kind of action. It shows ‘action in progress’ or ‘a state of persistence.’ When used in the indicative mood, the present tense denotes action taking place or going on in the present time.6

Pause and ponder what you discover about the vessel of mercy that is you. The vessel of mercy that is revealed as the vessel of wrath that you think is you is destroyed through suffering by having your arrogance and self-interest and hidden desires, motives and influences revealed.

To be. I am. We are. In this present moment

We are
In this present moment
Holy and blameless before the Lord God
Because
The Lord God’s action is continuous.
The Lord God’s action is in progress.
The Lord God’s action is a state of persistence.
The Lord God’s action is taking place in the present time
Whether you and I are aware of it or not.
Your part, my part, is to become aware.
Your part, my part, is to cooperate.
Your part, my part, is to imitate Christ the Messiah, the Anointed One, to become obedient, proficient at hearing intelligently and complying with the still, small voice of the spirit within.

God’s continuous action:
Redemption.
Forgiveness.
Making known to us the mystery of his will.
A plan for the fullness of time.
To unite all things in Christ Jesus.
According to the riches of his grace, which he lavished upon us.

Become aware. Know the grace of the Lord God!

1 John 5:20-21 – And we know that the Son of God has come and has given us discernment, so that we may know who is genuine; moreover, we are united with the One who is genuine, united with his Son Yeshua the Messiah. He is the genuine God and eternal life. Children, guard yourselves against false gods! (CJB)

Do you know? Do you know with a knowing that goes beyond mental agreement with this statement?
Are you aware that you have received discernment?
Do you know the One who is genuine?
Are you united with the One who is genuine?
Jesus the Messiah is the genuine God. He is eternal life.

Guard yourselves against false gods!
Guard: through the idea of isolation; to watch, be on guard, preserve, obey, avoid.7

Discernment is essential in guarding ourselves against false gods. He, Jesus the Messiah, is eternal life. Life is not found in a set of beliefs. Or a set of rules. Or a set of spiritual disciplines. He is eternal life. Do you know him? Guarding ourselves is a necessary, continual discipline that we dare not be lax in, or our minds will be corrupted from singleminded devotion to the Lord God just as Eve’s was. A practice that I’ve found effective is meditating on the word of God and contemplation, placing myself in a position where I become aware of the constant, continual presence and action of my companions, Grace, Love, Fellowship.

Labor. Work.

Labor/work: To toil as a task, occupation, effect, be engaged in or with, an act.8

Do not labor for the food that perishes
Labor for the food that endures to eternal life
Which the Son of Man will give to you.
Labor
For what the Son of Man will give.
Paradox.

This is the work of God, the task, the act, the occupation that we are to be engaged in:
Believe in him whom God the Father has sent
Believe in him who comes down from heaven and gives life to the world.
Labor for the food that endures to eternal life
Which the Son of Man will give to you.
Labor.
Work to believe
What the Son of Man will give to you.
Labor to be aware and to surrender to the constant, continual presence and action of Christ the Messiah.

No one can come to me unless the Father who sent me draws him.

Draws: to drag; to take for oneself, to prefer; to lift up, to take up or away; to raise the voice, keep in suspense the mind; to expiate [suffer for] sin.9

Made in the image of God, after his likeness. Yet made complete, accomplished, consummated in character through suffering.

Everyone who has heard, understands
Everyone who has learned, understands
Everyone who has heard and learned from the Father
Comes to me

Do you have life in you?

I am the living bread that came down from heaven.”
The bread that I will give for the life of the world
Is my flesh.

John 6:52-58 – The Jews then disputed among themselves, saying, “How can this man give us his flesh to eat?” So Jesus said to them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink his blood, you have no life in you. Whoever feeds on my flesh and drinks my blood has eternal life, and I will raise him up on the last day. For my flesh is true food, and my blood is true drink. Whoever feeds on my flesh and drinks my blood abides in me, and I in him. As the living Father sent me, and I live because of the Father, so whoever feeds on me, he also will live because of me. This is the bread that came down from heaven, not as the fathers ate and died. Whoever feeds on this bread will live forever.” (ESV)

How can this man give us his flesh to eat and his blood to drink?

1 Cor 2:14 – The unspiritual self, just as it is by nature, can’t receive the gifts of God’s Spirit. There’s no capacity for them. They seem like so much silliness. Spirit can be known only by spirit — God’s Spirit and our spirits in open communion. (MSG)

Unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink his blood, you have no life in you.

Eat: (1) To eat, devour, consume. (2)…primarily, “to gnaw, to chew,” stresses the slow process; it is used metaphorically of the habit of spiritually feeding upon Christ, John 6:54,56-58 (the aorists here do not indicate a definite act, but view a series of acts seen in perspective); of the constant custom of “eating” in certain company… In John 6, the change in the Lord’s use from the verb (1) esthio (phago) to the stronger verb trogo (2), is noticeable. The more persistent the unbelief of His hearers, the more difficult His language and statements became. In vv. 49 to 53 the verb phago (1) is used; in 54, 58, trogo (2) (in v. 58 it is put into immediate contrast with phago). The use of trogo in Matt 24:38 and John 13:18 is a witness against pressing into the meaning of the word the sense of munching or gnawing; it had largely lost this sense in its common usage.10

Eat

Eat. Slow process. Metaphorical. Habit of spiritually feeding upon Christ. Series of acts. Constant custom of eating in certain company.

What is your habit, your acts, your constant custom whereby you eat Christ Jesus’ flesh and drink his blood?

What tasks, acts, occupations do you regularly engage in to accomplish the work of God, to moment by moment believe in the one whom he has sent, who will give you the food that endures to eternal life?

Ps 22:26 – The humble shall eat and be satisfied. They shall praise the LORD who seek after him. Let your hearts live forever. (NHEB Messianic)

What tasks, acts, occupations do you regularly engage in to guard yourself against false gods?

Prov 9:1-6 – Wisdom has built her house. She has carved out her seven pillars. She has prepared her meat. She has mixed her wine. She has also set her table. She has sent out her maidens. She cries from the highest places of the city: “Whoever is simple [seducible], let him turn in here!” As for him who is void of understanding, she says to him, “Come, eat some of my bread, Drink some of the wine which I have mixed! Leave your simple ways, and live. Walk in the way of understanding.” (NHEB Messianic)

Leave your simple ways.

Leave your tendency to be enticed and led away from a state of simplicity and singleness of devotion to the Lord God
And live.

John 6:60-63; 67-69 – When many of his disciples heard it, they said, “This is a hard saying; who can listen to it?” But Jesus, knowing in himself that his disciples were grumbling about this, said to them, “Do you take offense at this? Then what if you were to see the Son of Man ascending to where he was before? It is the Spirit who gives life; the flesh is of no avail. The words that I have spoken to you are spirit and life… So Jesus said to the Twelve, “Do you want to go away as well?” Simon Peter answered him, “Lord, to whom shall we go? You have the words of eternal life, and we have believed, and have come to know, that you are the Holy One of God.” (ESV)

We have believed. We have put our faith in you. We have entrusted our spiritual well-being to you, Christ Jesus.11

We have come to know. We perceive, we feel, we are aware, we understand, we are persuaded, we are sure, we are resolved, we absolutely know that you are the Holy One of God.12

We are unable to believe in Jesus the Messiah and to guard ourselves against false gods when we only hear the Lord God’s words literally, when we only hear them with our physical ears, and when we understand them only with our human reasoning.

It is the Spirit

It is the Spirit who gives life; the flesh is of no avail. The words that I have spoken to you are spirit and life.

You have the words of eternal life
We have believed
We have come to know
That you are the Holy One of God.

The apostle Paul writes to people he never met in person about knowing the Lord God:

Col 2:1-15 – For I want you to know how hard I work for you, for those in Laodicea, and for the rest of those who have not met me personally. My purpose is that they may be encouraged, that they may be joined together in love, and that they may have all the riches derived from being assured of understanding and fully knowing God’s secret truth, which is — the Messiah! It is in him that all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge are hidden.

I say this so that no one will fool you with plausible but specious arguments. For although I am away from you physically, I am with you in spirit, rejoicing as I see the disciplined and resolute firmness of your trust in the Messiah. Therefore, just as you received the Messiah Yeshua as Lord, keep living your life united with him. Remain deeply rooted in him; continue being built up in him and confirmed in your trust, the way you were taught, so that you overflow in thanksgiving.

Watch out, so that no one will take you captive by means of philosophy and empty deceit, following human tradition which accords with the elemental spirits of the world but does not accord with the Messiah. For in him, bodily, lives the fullness of all that God is. And it is in union with him that you have been made full — he is the head of every rule and authority.

Also it was in union with him that you were circumcised with a circumcision not done by human hands, but accomplished by stripping away the old nature’s control over the body. In this circumcision done by the Messiah, you were buried along with him by being immersed; and in union with him, you were also raised up along with him by God’s faithfulness that worked when he raised Yeshua from the dead. You were dead because of your sins, that is, because of your “foreskin,” your old nature. But God made you alive along with the Messiah by forgiving you all your sins. He wiped away the bill of charges against us. Because of the regulations, it stood as a testimony against us; but he removed it by nailing it to the execution-stake [cross]. Stripping the rulers and authorities of their power, he made a public spectacle of them, triumphing over them by means of the stake [cross]. (CJB)

Be joined together.

Knit together: causative by reduplication. An exact copy or reproduction; a counterpart or double. To make, do, or cause to happen again. Double, redouble, or repeat.13 (Webster’s)

Be joined together. Knit together. To force; causative by reduplication; to drive together, i.e. unite in association or affection, mentally to infer [to lead to as a conclusion; to bring on or about], show, teach. Union; with or together, i.e. by association, companionship, process, resemblance, possession, instrumentality, addition, etc.14

Be joined together in love. With. Together. Association. Companionship. Process, the course of being done. Resemblance, likeness in appearance and character. Possession; hold as by ownership or occupancy. Instrumentality; serving as a means in bringing something about. Addition, the element added in reduplication. Made in the image and likeness of God.

Be encouraged. Be joined together in love. That they may have
That they may have all the riches
All the riches derived from being assured
From being assured of understanding and fully knowing
Understanding and fully knowing God’s secret truth
Which is the Messiah.

United

Just as you received the Messiah Jesus as Lord, keep living your life united with him.

Received: to receive near, associate with oneself in any familiar or intimate act or relation; figuratively, to learn.15

Keep living your life united with him.
Union.
Fully knowing God’s secret truth – the Messiah.
Deeply rooted in him.
Built up in him and confirmed in your trust.
In him, bodily, lives the fullness of all that God is.
It is in union with him that you have been made full.

In Christ: To or into. The point reached or entered of place, time, purpose, result, of one mind, set at one again.16

Gal 5:4-6 – I suspect you would never intend this, but this is what happens. When you attempt to live by your own religious plans and projects, you are cut off from Christ, you fall out of grace. Meanwhile we expectantly wait for a satisfying relationship with the Spirit. For in Christ, neither our most conscientious religion nor disregard of religion amounts to anything. What matters is something far more interior: faith [reliance upon Christ] expressed in love. (MSG)

When you attempt to live by your own religious plans and projects
You fall out. Drop away. Driven out of one’s course. To lose. Become inefficient.15
You fall out of grace. You fall out of benefit, gift, pleasure. You fall out of the divine influence upon the heart, and its reflection in life; including gratitude.17

Expectantly wait for a satisfying relationship with the Spirit

We expectantly wait for a satisfying relationship with the Spirit.
Wait. Look for. To accept from some source, to await.
What matters
Interior
Reliance upon Christ
Expressed in love.

How I began to change when I discovered that living is not about me working to improve myselt to successfully live up to some expected standard and so earn the right to life! How my soul was satisfied as I began to expectantly wait for a satisfying relationship with the Spirit! Grace. Generously, extravagantly given me to convince me and cause me to know and experience union with the Lord Jesus Christ. The genuine One loves me. Forgives me. Heals me. Reveals me, holy and blameless before him. I live in a fixed position, a relation of rest in Christ, as I undergo the continuous action of God’s persistent constructive, transformative action. I am in process of learning to trust. I am in process of learning to receive love and then allow love to freely flow outward to include others.

Interact with the words of Scripture through deep, careful study.

Then move beyond logic and reason; move from head to heart to spirit. Anticipate unifying of body, mind and spirit to mirror and imitate the life of Christ the Messiah.

Meditate. Experience the word of Scripture bodily by moaning, growling, uttering, speaking aloud each word, syllable by syllable. Experience the words of Scripture expressing the longing and desire and hope in the depth of your own soul. Become acquainted with your longing. Anticipate that your soul’s longing will be satisfied, its hunger will be filled with good things, and it will be healed and made complete again. Let the inspired word of God arouse feelings of awe.

2 Cor 13:14 – the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit, [is] with you all! Amen. (YLT)

Contemplate. Sit quietly without thinking, without murmuring. Simply be. Become conscious of your companions.

Stay in this place of rest and fellowship for as long as you can.

When finished, select just one word or phrase and carry it with you all day, thinking about it, murmuring it, holding it, treasuring it. Let it soak deep into your soul. Tomorrow, meditate on the entire text again. Select the same word or phrase or a different one to carry with you all day, thinking about it, murmuring it, holding it, treasuring it. Do this practice every day. Let God’s Word begin to fill your soul with good things.

I ponder every morsel of wisdom from you, I attentively watch how you’ve done it. I relish everything you’ve told me of life, I won’t forget a word of it. (Ps 119:15-16 MSG)

 

 

But it is the spirit in man, the breath of the Almighty, that makes him understand. (Job 32:8)

I encourage you to look for ways and practices to help you become aware of Holy Spirit and to relinquish all that you have and all that you are to Holy Spirit’s convicting, enlightening, restorative ministrations.

A practice that has been life-changing for me comes from Psalm 46:10.

Ps 46:10 – “Be still, and know that I am God. I will be exalted among the nations, I will be exalted in the earth!” (ESV)

Be still.
It’s a paradox.
Be still. A state of being. Am. Is. Stay, remain as in was, were.
It’s a process of letting go in order to rediscover Life that was forfeited.
It’s a process of ceasing, stopping, to be destroyed, and dying in order to be redeemed.
It’s a process of abandoning and neglecting in order to be healed and made whole.

It’s a process of opposing, contending, and striving in order to give up, renounce, leave, and abandon self-interest that is death, forfeiture of Life.

It’s a process of becoming weak, feeble, to be wept over in order to return to the original Life that was forfeited, but is bought back by the only One who has Life in himself.

Be still, consequently
Know

Know, not in the sense of accumulating facts and figures, receiving answers about what to do to get a good life, but know as in relationship. Know as in Being. Awareness, consciousness, discernment, recognition, acquaintance, familiar friend, feel, perceive, have respect, have understanding, instruction, presence, fellowship.

Be still.

Letting the vessel of wrath prepared for destruction go in order to know the riches of God’s glory for vessels of mercy.

2 Peter 3:18 – But grow in the grace and knowledge of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. To him be the glory both now and to the day of eternity. Amen. (ESV)

*****

Resources/For deeper study:

1Founder: NT:747 <START GREEK>a)rxhgo/$ <END GREEK> archegos (ar-khay-gos’); from NT:746 and NT:71; a chief leader:

NT:746 <START GREEK>a)rxh/<END GREEK> arche (ar-khay’); from NT:756; (properly abstract) a commencement, or (concretely) chief (in various applications of order, time, place, or rank):

NT:71 <START GREEK>a&gw<END GREEK> ago (ag’-o); a primary verb; properly, to lead; by implication, to bring, drive, (reflexively) go, (specially) pass (time), or (figuratively) induce: KJV – be, bring (forth), carry, (let) go, keep, lead away, be open. (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)

2Salvation: NT:4991 <START GREEK>swthri/a <END GREEK> soteria (so-tay-ree’-ah); feminine of a derivative of NT:4990 as (properly, abstract) noun; rescue or safety (physically or morally):

NT:4990 <START GREEK>swth/r<END GREEK> soter (so-tare’); from NT:4982; a deliverer, i.e. God or Christ: (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)

 3Perfect: NT:5048 <START GREEK>teleio/w <END GREEK> teleioo (tel-i-o’-o); from NT:5046; to complete, i.e. (literally) accomplish, or (figuratively) consummate (in character):

NT:5046 <START GREEK>te/leio$<END GREEK> teleios (tel’-i-os); from NT:5056; complete (in various applications of labor, growth, mental and moral character, etc.); neuter (as noun, with NT:3588) completeness: (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)

4Suffering: NT:3804 <START GREEK>pa/qhma<END GREEK> pathema (path’-ay-mah); from a presumed derivative of NT:3806; something undergone, i.e. hardship or pain; subjectively, an emotion or influence:

NT:3806 <START GREEK>pa/qo$<END GREEK> pathos (path’-os); from the alternate of NT:3958; properly, suffering (“pathos”), i.e. (subjectively) a passion (especially concupiscence):

NT:3958 <START GREEK>pa/sxw<END GREEK> pascho (pas’-kho); including the forms (patho (path’-o) and pentho (pen’-tho)), used only in certain tenses for it; apparently a primary verb; to experience a sensation or impression (usually painful): (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)

5In: NT:1722 <START GREEK>e)n<END GREEK> en (en); a primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), i.e. a relation of rest (intermediate between NT:1519 and NT:1537); “in,” at, (up-) on, by, etc.:

NT:1519 <START GREEK>ei)$<END GREEK> eis (ice); a primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases:

NT:1537 <START GREEK>e)k<END GREEK> ek (ek) or ex (ex); a primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence action or motion proceeds), from, out (of place, time, or cause; literal or figurative; direct or remote): (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)

6Should be: NT:1510 <START GREEK>ei)mi/<END GREEK> eimi (i-mee’); the first person singular present indicative; a prolonged form of a primary and defective verb; I exist (used only when emphatic):

KJV – am, have been, it is I, was. (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)

There are three main classes of grammatical person in both English and Greek. Person indicates the form of the verb (and also pronouns) which refer to:
1) the person(s) speaking (First Person)
2) the person(s) being spoken to (Second Person) and
3) the person(s) being spoken of or about (Third Person).

For example: “Because I live, you shall live also.” John 14:19b “He lives by the power of God.” II Cor 13:4
First Person: ‘I live’ – the person speaking (i.e. ‘I’) is the subject of the verb.
Second Person: ‘you live’ – the person being spoken to (i.e. ‘you’) is the subject of the verb.
Third Person: ‘He lives’ – the person being spoken about (i.e. ‘He’) is the subject of the verb.

The present tense usually denotes continuous kind of action. It shows ‘action in progress’ or ‘a state of persistence.’ When used in the indicative mood, the present tense denotes action taking place or going on in the present time. For example: “In Whom you also are being built together into a dwelling place of God in spirit.” Eph 2:22  (from ntgreek.org/learn_nt_greek/verbs1.htm)

7Guard/keep: NT:5442 <START GREEK>fula/ssw<END GREEK> phulasso (foo-las’-so); probably from NT:5443 through the idea of isolation; to watch, i.e. be on guard (literally of figuratively); by implication, to preserve, obey, avoid:

NT:5443 <START GREEK>fulh/<END GREEK> phule (foo-lay’); from NT:5453 (compare NT:5444); an offshoot, i.e. race or clan: (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)

8Labor/work: NT:2038<START GREEK>e)rga/zomai<END GREEK> ergazomai (er-gad’-zom-ahee); middle voice from NT:2041; to toil (as a task, occupation, etc.), (by implication) effect, be engaged in or with, etc.:

NT:2041 <START GREEK>e&rgon<END GREEK> ergon (er’-gon); from a primary (but obsolete) ergo (to work); toil (as an effort or occupation); by implication, an act: (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)

 9Draws: NT:1670 <START GREEK>e(lku/w<END GREEK> helkuo (hel-koo’-o); or helko (hel’-ko); probably akin to NT:138; to drag (literally or figuratively):

NT:138<START GREEK>ai(re/omai<END GREEK> haireomai (hahee-reh’-om-ahee); probably akin to NT:142; to take for oneself, i.e. to prefer:

NT:142 <START GREEK>ai&rw<END GREEK> airo (ah’-ee-ro); a primary root; to lift up; by implication, to take up or away; figuratively, to raise (the voice), keep in suspense (the mind), specially, to sail away (i.e. weigh anchor); by Hebraism [compare OT:5375] to expiate sin: (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)

10Eat: 1. esthio (<START GREEK>e)sqi/w<END GREEK>, NT:2068) signifies “to eat” (as distinct from pino, “to drink”); it is a lengthened form from edo (Lat., edo; cf. Eng., “edible”); in Heb 10:27, metaphorically, “devour”; it is said of the ordinary use of food and drink, 1 Cor 9:7; 11:22; of partaking of food at table, e. g., Mark 2:16>; of reveling, Matt 24:49; Luke 12:45. Cf. the strengthened, form katesthio, and the verb sunesthio, below. See DEVOUR.

  1. phago (<START GREEK>fa/gw<END GREEK>, NT:5315), “to eat, devour, consume,” is obsolete in the present and other tenses, but supplies certain tenses which are wanting in No. 1, above. In Luke 8:55 the KJV has “(to give her) meat,” the RV “(that something be given her) to eat.” The idea that this verb combines both “eating” and “drinking,” while No. 1 differentiates the one from the other, is not borne out in the NT The word is very frequent in the Gospels and is used eleven times in 1 Cor. See also No. 3. See MEAT.
  2. trogo (<START GREEK>trw/gw<END GREEK>, NT:5176), primarily, “to gnaw, to chew,” stresses the slow process; it is used metaphorically of the habit of spiritually feeding upon Christ, John 6:54,56-58 (the aorists here do not indicate a definite act, but view a series of acts seen in perspective); of the constant custom of “eating” in certain company, John 13:18; of a practice unduly engrossing the world, Matt 24:38.

In John 6, the change in the Lord’s use from the verb esthio (phago) to the stronger verb trogo, is noticeable. The more persistent the unbelief of His hearers, the more difficult His language and statements became. In vv. 49 to 53 the verb phago is used; in 54, 58, trogo (in v. 58 it is put into immediate contrast with phago). The use of trogo in Matt 24:38 and John 13:18 is a witness against pressing into the meaning of the word the sense of munching or gnawing; it had largely lost this sense in its common usage. (from Vine’s Expository Dictionary of Biblical Words, Copyright © 1985, Thomas Nelson Publishers.)

11Believe/trust: NT:4100 <START GREEK>pisteu/w<END GREEK> pisteuo (pist-yoo’-o); from NT:4102; to have faith (in, upon, or with respect to, a person or thing), i.e. credit; by implication, to entrust (especially one’s spiritual well-being to Christ):

NT:4102 <START GREEK>pi/sti$<END GREEK> pistis (pis’-tis); from NT:3982; persuasion, i.e. credence; moral conviction (of religious truth, or the truthfulness of God or a religious teacher), especially reliance upon Christ for salvation; abstractly, constancy in such profession; by extension, the system of religious (Gospel) truth itself: (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)

12Sure/know: NT:1097 <START GREEK>ginw/skw<END GREEK> ginosko (ghin-oce’-ko); a prolonged form of a primary verb; to “know” (absolutely) in a great variety of applications and with many implications (as follow, with others not thus clearly expressed): KJV – allow, be aware (of), feel, (have) know (-ledge), perceived, be resolved, can speak, be sure, understand. (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)

13 Webster’s Dictionary.

14Be joined/knit together: NT:4822 <START GREEK>sumbiba/zw<END GREEK> sumbibazo (soom-bib-ad’-zo); from NT:4862 and bibazo (to force; causative [by reduplication] of the base of NT:939); to drive together, i.e. unite (in association or affection), (mentally) to infer, show, teach:

NT:939 <START GREEK>ba/si$<END GREEK> basis (bas’-ece); from baino (to walk); a pace (“base”), i.e. (by implication) the foot:

NT:4862 <START GREEK>su/n<END GREEK> sun (soon); a primary preposition denoting union; with or together (but much closer than NT:3326 or NT:3844), i.e. by association, companionship, process, resemblance, possession, instrumentality, addition, etc.:

NT:3326 <START GREEK>meta/<END GREEK> meta (met-ah’); a primary preposition (often used adverbially); properly, denoting accompaniment; “amid” (local or causal); modified variously according to the case (genitive case association, or accusative case succession) with which it is joined; occupying an intermediate position between NT:575 or NT:1537 and NT:1519 or NT:4314; less intimate than NT:1722 and less close than NT:4862):

NT:3844 <START GREEK>para/<END GREEK> para (par-ah’); a primary preposition; properly, near; i.e. (with genitive case) from beside (literally or figuratively), (with dative case) at (or in) the vicinity of (objectively or subjectively), (with accusative case) to the proximity with (local [especially beyond or opposed to] or causal [on account of]: (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)

15Received: NT:3880 <START GREEK>paralamba/nw<END GREEK> paralambano (par-al-am-ban’-o); from NT:3844 and NT:2983; to receive near, i.e. associate with oneself (in any familiar or intimate act or relation); by analogy, to assume an office; figuratively, to learn: (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)

16n: NT:1519 <START GREEK>ei)$ <END GREEK> eis (ice); a primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases: KJV – [abundantly-], against, among, as, at, [back-] ward, before, by, concerning,  continual,  far more exceeding, for [intent, purposefore],,  forth, in (among, at, unto, -so much that, -to), to the intent that,  of one mind,  never, of, (up-) on,  perish,  set at one again, (so) that, therefore (-unto), throughout, til, to (be, the end, -ward), (here-) until (-to), … ward, [wherefore-], with. Often used in composition with the same general import, but only with verbs (etc.) expressing motion (literally or figuratively).

(Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)

17You fall out: NT:1601 <START GREEK>e)kpi/ptw <END GREEK> ekpipto (ek-pip’-to); from NT:1537 and NT:4098; to drop away; specially, be driven out of one’s course; figuratively, to lose, become inefficient:

KJV – be cast, fail, fall (away, off), take none effect. (Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)

16Grace: NT:5485 <START GREEK>xa/ri$ <END GREEK> charis (khar’-ece); from NT:5463; graciousness (as gratifying), of manner or act (abstract or concrete; literal, figurative or spiritual; especially the divine influence upon the heart, and its reflection in the life; including gratitude):

KJV – acceptable, benefit, favour, gift, grace (-ious), joy, liberality, pleasure, thank (-s, -worthy).
(Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006, 2010 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)

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